Madrid 2 November 2009


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Madrid 2 November 2009

  1. 1. DARIAH: Paving the way for the Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities in Europe<br />Peter Doorn<br />Coordinator, DARIAH PPP<br />Director, Data Archiving and Networked Services<br />Expert Board Hearing, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation<br />Madrid, 2 November 2009<br />
  2. 2. What am I going to tell you?<br /><ul><li>How the arts and humanities are changing under the influence of ICT
  3. 3. The implications of the changes for new requirements of research facilities
  4. 4. DARIAH: what does it aim for and what has it to offer?
  5. 5. What are we doing right now and where are we?
  6. 6. How will it be organised?
  7. 7. What will it cost?
  8. 8. What is the time schedule?</li></li></ul><li>What kind of infrastructure do humanities scholars need?<br />
  9. 9. From Humanities computingto e-humanities<br />Roots go back to the 1960s:<br />text analysis, e.g. bible studies<br />quantitative social and economic history<br />computer linguistics<br />digital archaeology<br />E-humanities as analogy of e-science:<br />‘science increasingly done through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet, using very large data collections, large-scale computing resources and high performance visualisation.’ <br />
  10. 10. CLIWOC-project (Climate of the World Oceans)<br />Collaboration of historians and meteorologists <br />
  11. 11. Journal entries, 26-29 September 1758<br />Month: September<br />Ship’s name: Noordbeveland<br />Year: 1758<br />Date: 26th<br />Weather on board<br />Wind<br />Day: Tuesday<br />Peculiarities<br />
  12. 12. Shipping Routes 1750-1850(Spain, Netherlands, England, Argenentina)<br />Courtesy of CLIWOC project, KNMI<br />
  13. 13. Average yearly temperatures, 1750-1850<br />Courtesy of CLIWOC project, KNMI<br />
  14. 14. Wind direction and speed<br />Courtesy of CLIWOC project, KNMI<br />
  15. 15. Wind directions and rainy days, Atlantic, 1770-1780<br />Courtesy of CLIWOC project, KNMI<br />
  16. 16. Archaeology<br />
  17. 17. Data collection in the field<br />
  18. 18. Databases of finds<br />
  19. 19. Photos, GIS, sherds<br />
  20. 20. Virtual archive of finds, publications, data and documentation<br />
  21. 21. Digital resources in the arts and humanities<br /><ul><li>Digital materials collected for research purposes, e.g.:</li></ul>History: digitized archival sources such as population registers, shipping journals, historical censuses, judicial verdicts, medieval manuscripts<br />Archaeology: excavation data - field reports, databases of finds, photos of objects, digital maps of sites, drawings of shards<br />Linguistics: speech data, text corpora, video <br /><ul><li>Multitude of forms and formats: data bases, spreadsheets, texts, audio, video, still images
  22. 22. Data is often coded or “enriched”: cannot be understood or used without ample documentation or specific software</li></li></ul><li>Research Infrastructures (R.I.)<br /><ul><li>R.I. in general: permanent and physical
  23. 23. R.I. for the natural sciences: ice breakers for polar research, satellites, telescopes, particle accelerators, laboratories
  24. 24. R.I. for the arts and humanities?</li></ul>Cultural heritage in all forms is the main source of humanities research<br />Libraries, archives and museums are the traditional “laboratories” for the humanities<br /><ul><li>In the digital age, essential for innovative humanities research is:</li></ul>Access to digitised heritage data (data bases, text corpora, speech, image collections, etc.)<br />Tools to process this information<br /><ul><li>The most important new research infrastructure for the humanities is therefore a digital one</li></li></ul><li>
  25. 25. European infrastructure challenges<br /><ul><li>In spite of some achievements, existing infrastructures are primarily national... if they are there at all!
  26. 26. European activities are until now funded on a project basis and carried out as voluntary activities by national partners
  27. 27. Stable, pan-European research infrastructures for the arts and humanities hardly exist
  28. 28. Increasing internationalisation of humanities research puts new requirements for such infrastructures </li></li></ul><li>ScienceCase for DARIAH<br /><ul><li>Changing research practice in a networked world:</li></ul>Digital resources (data & tools) form the laboratory of the scholar in the arts and humanities<br />Computational technologies and methods of analysis<br />Resources on the web are highly distributed<br />The scale of research goes up: networked projects <br /><ul><li>European projects have no continuity
  29. 29. The existing structures are too weak (ad hoc networks, no permanence) and national in scope
  30. 30. Answer: strong European data infrastructure, providing continuity and support for digital A&H research and access to digital resources</li></li></ul><li>DARIAH mission:Supporting digitially enabled research<br />DARIAH aims to develop and maintain an infrastructure in support of ICT-based research practices across the arts and humanities, acting as a trusted intermediary between disciplines and domains. <br />DARIAH is working with communities of practice to:<br /><ul><li>Develop and apply ICT-based methods and tools to enable new research questions to be asked and old questions to be posed in new ways
  31. 31. Link distributed digital source materials of many kinds
  32. 32. Provide access to digital research collections
  33. 33. Exchange knowledge, expertise, methodologies and practices across domains and disciplines</li></li></ul><li>Preparation Project: Overview of the Work Packages<br />Project management<br />Dissemination<br />Strategic work<br />Financial work<br />Governance and logistical work<br />Legal work<br />Technical reference architecture<br />Technical: Conceptual modelling<br />
  34. 34. DARIAH preparation project partners<br />
  35. 35. DARIAH consortium in October 2008 and 2009<br />
  36. 36. Associate and aspiring Partners<br /><ul><li>Italy
  37. 37. Spain
  38. 38. Sweden
  39. 39. Austria
  40. 40. Switzerland</li></ul>Other prospective partners in: Rumania,Bulgaria, Hungary, Lithuania, Norway, Serbia, FYROM<br />Members<br />Associate<br />Aspiring<br />Prospective<br />
  41. 41. Strategic, financial, organisational and legal objectives<br />Strategic:<br />To determine the strategic vision, goals, objectives and policies for DARIAH, ensuring they are based upon and will meet stakeholder requirements, clearly identified business drivers, and identified benefits for European research<br />Financial:<br />To define a sustainable business model for DARIAH that allows for the provision of long-term services to the European research community in the humanities, while ensuring adaptability to new user needs and new technological developments<br />Logistical:<br />To deliver a business plan that describes the organisational set-up and the management structure, the role of the institutions and persons involved (stakeholders, staff, experts, partners, expansion with new partners)<br />Legal:<br />To determine the rights and obligations of different types of DARIAH partners and allowing for the inclusion of new partners;draft licence agreements,products and services contracts; ERI ornon-ERI, that is the question.<br />
  42. 42. Technical and conceptual objectives<br />Architecture: <br />To draft the technical reference architecture of DARIAH, consisting of draft engineering plans, as well as demonstrators for key enabling technologies. <br />Conceptual:<br />Develop foundation of a coherent, interlinked, and collaboratively maintained virtual infrastructure of digital resources in the partner institutes. Model and evaluate the research processes in selected digital humanities disciplines.<br /> <br />
  43. 43. DARIAH organization structure<br /><ul><li>Neither very centralized, nor completely decentralized
  44. 44. Virtual Competency Centers (VCCs)Each of the centers will be located physically in one of the DARIAH partner countries, but other partners can take part in the centers, hence the virtual aspect
  45. 45. The VCCs will bear responsibility for specific tasks and expertise
  46. 46. National centres (prominent institutes) participate in VCCs.
  47. 47. The model is an open one and will be able to embrace new, promising fields that are as yet unable to play such a leading role in Europe.</li></li></ul><li>Virtual Competency Center (VCC) functions<br />Research – digital humanities research, new methods and research questions, collaborative projects <br />e-Infrastructure – service provision, systems & tools,connecting resources, standards <br />Education – knowledge exchange, mentoring, training, fellowships, curriculum development,expertise provision <br />Legal – rights (IPR, privacy), licensing, policies, advice, etc. <br />Outreach & Management – PR, encourage collaboration,community building, website, administration <br />Content – creation, curation, provision <br />
  48. 48. Legal framework and structure<br /><ul><li>EU Council has adopted the European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) Regulation
  49. 49. An ERIC shall have its own legal entity (International Organisation)
  50. 50. The European Commission shall approve the Statutes of an ERIC before its official establishment
  51. 51. Obligatory organs:
  52. 52. General Assembly of Members (and Associate members without voting rights)
  53. 53. Board of Directors
  54. 54. Optional Organs:
  55. 55. Scientific Board
  56. 56. Advisory Board </li></li></ul><li>Financial<br /><ul><li>Total operating costs estimated at €6 Mln / year (based on c. 10-15 member countries)
  57. 57. Proposal: national contributions related to GDP
  58. 58. Funding structure to be discussed with funders at Oxford meeting on December 8.
  59. 59. Commitment: in progress
  60. 60. in some countries financial commitment “in principle” (Ireland, France, Germany)
  61. 61. in some countries on national roadmap (Holland)
  62. 62. in some countries in discussion (Greece, Spain)</li></li></ul><li>Technical work: the example of the ARENA search portal<br />
  63. 63. Prototype of new, expandable portal<br />Photo courtesy of Guus Lange of RACM <br />
  64. 64. Opportunities for Spanish archaeology<br />Archaeological excavation at Punta dos Prados in Ortigueira Northern Galicia<br />Courtesy Cesar Parcero-Oubina of The Heritage Laboratory (LaPa)<br />
  65. 65. Relations to other projects and networks<br />
  66. 66. Preparing DARIAH: time schedule<br />October 2006<br />Publication ESFRI <br />Roadmap <br />Financial Commitment?<br />December 2006<br />Publication <br />relevant FP7 call<br />Q3 2008<br />Agreement EC <br />funding<br />2008<br />2009<br />2010<br />2007<br />May 2007<br />Deadline Capacities call <br />ESFRI projects<br />Q4 2009 <br />Funders’ meeting<br />Q3 2010 <br />DARIAH <br />conference<br />Q4 2008<br />Start “Preparing DARIAH”<br />Q1 2011<br />Start construction DARIAH<br />
  67. 67. Additional information<br /><br />