Lisbon digital history november 2011


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Lisbon digital history november 2011

  1. 1. Data Archiving and Networked Services Computational history among e-science, digital humanities and research infrastructures: accomplishments and challenges Peter Doorn (Director, DANS) Digital Methods and Tools for Historical Research Lisbon, November 18, 2011 DANS is an institute of KNAW and NWO
  2. 2. Contents • What is DANS? • E-Science & Digital Humanities • Computational History • Research Infrastructures
  3. 3. What is DANS? • Institute of Dutch Academy and Research Funding Organisation (KNAW & NWO) since 2005 • First predecessor dates back to 1964 (Steinmetz Foundation), NHDA (Historical Data Archive 1989) • Task: provide permanent access to data in the humanities and social sciences (gradually expanding to other domains) • Main activities: – digital archive (eg. collections in history, social sciences, archaeology) – data projects in collaboration with research communities and partner organisations – advice and support (Data Seal of Approval, Persistent Identifier Infrastructure)
  4. 4. Mission and tasks • DANS promotes permanent access to digital research data • DANS encourages scientific researchers to archive and reuse data by means of our online archiving system EASY • DANS provides access, through, to thousands of scientific datasets, e-publications and other research information in the Netherlands • DANS provides training and advice • DANS performs research into archiving of and access to digital information
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Electronic archiving system EASY: 20,000 data sets
  7. 7. 5 Criteria 16 guidelines Research Data: • can be found on the Internet • are accessible (clear rights and licenses) • are in a usable format • are reliable • can be referred to (persistent identifier) 29-1-2015 Data Seal of Approval
  8. 8. Connecting content & community
  9. 9. Research Information
  10. 10. Computational History
  11. 11. e-Science, e-Humanities and e-History • e-Science: “Science increasingly done through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet, using very large data collections, tera-scale computing resources and high performance visualisation.“ (Department of Trade and Industry; Research Council e-Science Core Programme) • Humanities computing: “Humanities computing is an academic field concerned with the application of computing tools to arts and humanities data or to their use in the creation of these data.” (McCarty 1999)
  12. 12. Historical computing • Charles Harvey: historical computing must be concerned with the creation of models of the past or representations of past realities. • Matthew Woollard: History and computing is not only about historical research, but also about historical resource creation. • George Welling: Historical Informatics (computational history) is a new field of interdisciplinary specialization dealing with pragmatic and conceptual issues related to the use of information and communication technologies in the teaching, research and public communication of history. • Lawrence McCrank (2002): Historical information science integrates equally the subject matter of a historical field of investigation, quantified social science and linguistic research methodologies, computer science and technology, and information science, which is focused on historical information sources, structures, and communications.” • Boonstra, Breure, Doorn (2004): Historical information science is the discipline that deals with specific information problems in historical research and in the sources that are used for historical research, and tries to solve these information problems in a generic way with the help of computing tools
  13. 13. Four categories of information problems in historical research • information problems… – of historical sources (representation) – of relationships between sources (harmonization, linkage) – of historical analysis (qualitative and quantitative) – of the presentation of sources or analysis (visualization, edition) Life cycle of historical information
  14. 14. What kind of digital infrastructure do historians and other humanities scholars need?
  15. 15. Digitalising historical censuses
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Shipping in the “Golden Age”
  18. 18. Journal entries, 26-29 September 1758 Ship’s name: Noordbeveland Month: September Year: 1758 Day: Tuesday Date: 26th Weather on board Wind Peculiarities
  19. 19. Dutch Shipping Routes 1750-1850 Courtesy of CLIWOC project, KNMI
  20. 20. Collaboratories
  21. 21. Qualitative interviews and oral history data • Sustainable storage of digital collection of “Telling Witnesses” – 500 interviews (videos en transcripts) with eyewitnesses to WW II – 46 projects, funded by Ministry of Health, welfare and sport • Veteran Tapes – Collaboration with Veterans Institute and KWALON (Working Group for Qualitative Research), funded by SURF Foundation – 1000 interviews with veterans (WO II to Bosnia) – Enhanced publication: 25 transcripts, 6 researchers, book & web, links to archive
  22. 22. Medieval Memoria Online
  23. 23. Infrastructures are required to support and maintain the collaborative efforts • Services need to be sustainable • Therefore they need to be generic and re-usable DARIAH, the emerging Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities aims to “link and provide access to distributed digital source materials of many kinds”
  24. 24. European Research Infrastructures: DARIAH.EU and CLARIN.EU • DARIAH: Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities • CLARIN: Common Language Resources and Technology Infrastructure • Collaboration: CLARIAH – Common Lab Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities (proposal for National Roadmap submitted yesterday!)
  25. 25. DARIAH member states and national contact partners 29.01.2015Name 29.01.201529.01.2015 Seite 28 Zagreb/Croatia Copenhagen/ Denmark (VCC2) Ljubljana/Slovenia Vienna Goettingen Den Haag/ Netherlands (VCC3) Dublin Paris Athens Germany (VCC1/ VCC4/DCO) France (VCC3/DCO) Austria (VCC1) Ireland (VCC2) London UK Vilnius Lithuania Swit- zerlandBern Italy Norway Oslo Tirana/ Albania Belgrade Serbia Ministry of Tourism Culture Youth and Sports Digital Renaissance Foundation (FRD) Florence Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) TGE ADONIS University of Goettingen Goettingen State and University Library (SUB) Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS) King's College London Centre for e-Research (CeRcH) Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) University of Oslo Museum of Cultural History (KHM) Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) Institute for Corpus Linguistics and Text Technology Institute of Contemporary History (ICH) Center for Digital Humanities (CDH) Academy of Athens (AA) Research Centre for the Study of Modern Greek History Digital Curation Unit (DCU) Institute for the Management of Information Systems Vilnius University University of Copenhagen (KU) Department of Scandinavian Research Member Observer Cooperating Partner Non-EU (Cooperating Partner) Ruđer Bošković Institute (RBI) Centre for Information and Computer Science
  26. 26. Add 3D and Virtual Reality content to Europeana
  27. 27. 19 partners from 13 countries
  28. 28. Data Archiving and Networked Services Anna van Saksenlaan 10, 2593 HT Den Haag. Postbus 93067, 2509 AB Den Haag. T 070 3446 484, F 070 3446 482, E Thank you for your attention!