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Gardner’s Art Through the Ages,                           13e                        Chapter 5                   Ancient G...
The Greek World                  2
Geometric Period (9th – 8th centuries BCE) • Describe geometric features in the design of the   Geometric krater from the ...
Figure 5-2 Geometric krater, from the Dipyloncemetery, Athens, Greece, ca. 740 BCE. 3’ 41/2” high. Metropolitan Museum of ...
Figure 5-3 Hero and centaur (Herakles andNessos?), from Olympia,Greece, ca. 750–730BCE. Bronze, 4 1/2” high. Metropolitan ...
Orientalizing Period (7th century BCE)• The pace and scope of Greek trade and colonization  increased in the near East and...
Figure 5-4 Mantiklos Apollo, statuette of a youth dedicated byMantiklos to Apollo, from Thebes, Greece, ca. 700–680 BCE. B...
Observe the creatures       on this black-figure       amphora. Are there       any precedents for       such composite   ...
Figure 5-6 Plan of Temple A, Prinias, Greece, ca. 625 BCE.                                                             9
Figure 5-7 Lady of Auxerre, ca. 650–625 BCE. Limestone, 2’ 1 1/2”high. Louvre, Paris.                                     ...
5.2 Archaic Period (6th century BCE)• Notice how representation of the human figure changes• Recognize the emergence of th...
The Human Figure in Archaic Art• Understand the development and influences relating to  the early Greek kouros (male youth...
Figure 5-8 Kouros, ca. 600 BCE. Marble, 6’ 1/2” high. MetropolitanMuseum of Art, New York.                                ...
Figure 5-9 Calf Bearer, dedicated by Rhonbos on the Acropolis,Athens, Greece, ca. 560 BCE. Marble, restored height 5’ 5”;f...
Why did Greek artists render the    male form in the nude?Figure 5-10 Kroisos, from Anavysos, Greece, ca. 530 BCE. Marble,...
Notice traces of encaustic   paint on the Peplos Kore. Most   Greek stone statues were   painted.   Notice also that the P...
Figure 5-12 Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 520–510 BCE. Marble, 1’ 9” high. Acropolis Museum, Athens.      ...
Peripteral Greek TempleFigure 5-13 Plan of a typical peripteral Greek temple.                                             ...
Compare Doric and Ionic OrdersFigure 5-14 Elevations of the Doric and Ionic orders.                                       ...
Figure 5-15 Temple of Hera I (“Basilica”), Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE.                                                   ...
Figure 5-16 Plan of the Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE.                                                    ...
Figure 5-17 West pediment from the Temple of Artemis, Corfu, Greece, ca. 600–580 BCE. Limestone,greatest height 9’ 4”. Arc...
Figure 5-18 Reconstruction drawing of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530 BCE (John Burge).                    ...
Figure 5-19 Gigantomachy, detail of the north frieze of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530BCE. Marble, 2’ 1” h...
Figure5-20 KLEITIAS and ERGOTIMOS, François Vase (Athenian black-figure volute krater), from Chiusi, Italy, ca. 570 BCE.Ge...
Figure 5-21 EXEKIAS, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (detail from an Athenian black-figure amphora), from Vulci, Ita...
Figure 5-22 ANDOKIDES PAINTER, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (Athenian bilingual amphora), from Orvieto,Italy, ca....
Figure 5-23 EUPHRONIOS, Herakles wrestling Antaios (detail of an Athenian red-figure calyx krater), from Cerveteri, Italy,...
Figure 5-24 EUTHYMIDES, Three revelers (Athenianred-figure amphora), from Vulci, Italy, ca. 510 BCE. 2’high. Staatliche An...
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Chapter 5 geo to archaic student

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  1. 1. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 13e Chapter 5 Ancient Greece 1
  2. 2. The Greek World 2
  3. 3. Geometric Period (9th – 8th centuries BCE) • Describe geometric features in the design of the Geometric krater from the Dipylon Cemetery. • What type of scene is being displayed in the registers? • What was the purpose of such an item? 3
  4. 4. Figure 5-2 Geometric krater, from the Dipyloncemetery, Athens, Greece, ca. 740 BCE. 3’ 41/2” high. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NewYork. 4
  5. 5. Figure 5-3 Hero and centaur (Herakles andNessos?), from Olympia,Greece, ca. 750–730BCE. Bronze, 4 1/2” high. Metropolitan Museumof Art, New York (gift of J. Pierpont). 5
  6. 6. Orientalizing Period (7th century BCE)• The pace and scope of Greek trade and colonization increased in the near East and Egypt during this period.• What Egyptian and/or near Eastern qualities can be observed in the works of Greek art during this period? 6
  7. 7. Figure 5-4 Mantiklos Apollo, statuette of a youth dedicated byMantiklos to Apollo, from Thebes, Greece, ca. 700–680 BCE. Bronze,8” high. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 7
  8. 8. Observe the creatures on this black-figure amphora. Are there any precedents for such composite creatures?Figure 5.5 Corinthian black-figure amphora withanimal friezes, from Rhodes, Greece, ca. 625–600BCE. 1’ 2” high. British Museum, London. 8
  9. 9. Figure 5-6 Plan of Temple A, Prinias, Greece, ca. 625 BCE. 9
  10. 10. Figure 5-7 Lady of Auxerre, ca. 650–625 BCE. Limestone, 2’ 1 1/2”high. Louvre, Paris. 10
  11. 11. 5.2 Archaic Period (6th century BCE)• Notice how representation of the human figure changes• Recognize the emergence of the Doric and Ionic orders of architecture• Realize the refinement of Greek vase painting and differentiate between black-figure and red-figure vases 11
  12. 12. The Human Figure in Archaic Art• Understand the development and influences relating to the early Greek kouros (male youth)/kouroi (pl.)• Understand the development and influences relating to the kore (maiden)/korai (pl.).• What culture(s) had a significant influence on the New York kouros? How is it uniquely Greek?• What was/were the purpose(s) of such statues?• How is the Kroisos figure different from the other kouroi? 12
  13. 13. Figure 5-8 Kouros, ca. 600 BCE. Marble, 6’ 1/2” high. MetropolitanMuseum of Art, New York. 13
  14. 14. Figure 5-9 Calf Bearer, dedicated by Rhonbos on the Acropolis,Athens, Greece, ca. 560 BCE. Marble, restored height 5’ 5”;fragment 3’ 11 1/2” high. Acropolis Museum, Athens. 14
  15. 15. Why did Greek artists render the male form in the nude?Figure 5-10 Kroisos, from Anavysos, Greece, ca. 530 BCE. Marble, 6’ 4”high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens. 15
  16. 16. Notice traces of encaustic paint on the Peplos Kore. Most Greek stone statues were painted. Notice also that the Peplos Kore is clothed.Figure 5-11 Peplos Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca.530 BCE. Marble, 4’ high. Acropolis Museum, Athens. 16
  17. 17. Figure 5-12 Kore, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 520–510 BCE. Marble, 1’ 9” high. Acropolis Museum, Athens. 17
  18. 18. Peripteral Greek TempleFigure 5-13 Plan of a typical peripteral Greek temple. 18
  19. 19. Compare Doric and Ionic OrdersFigure 5-14 Elevations of the Doric and Ionic orders. 19
  20. 20. Figure 5-15 Temple of Hera I (“Basilica”), Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE. 20
  21. 21. Figure 5-16 Plan of the Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE. 21
  22. 22. Figure 5-17 West pediment from the Temple of Artemis, Corfu, Greece, ca. 600–580 BCE. Limestone,greatest height 9’ 4”. Archaeological Museum, Corfu. 22
  23. 23. Figure 5-18 Reconstruction drawing of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530 BCE (John Burge). 23
  24. 24. Figure 5-19 Gigantomachy, detail of the north frieze of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530BCE. Marble, 2’ 1” high. Archaeological Museum, Delphi. 24
  25. 25. Figure5-20 KLEITIAS and ERGOTIMOS, François Vase (Athenian black-figure volute krater), from Chiusi, Italy, ca. 570 BCE.General view (top) and detail of centauromachy on other side of vase (bottom). 2’ 2” high. Museo Archeologico, Florence. 25
  26. 26. Figure 5-21 EXEKIAS, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (detail from an Athenian black-figure amphora), from Vulci, Italy,ca. 540–530 BCE. Whole vessel 2’ high; detail 8 1/2” high. Musei Vaticani, Rome. 26
  27. 27. Figure 5-22 ANDOKIDES PAINTER, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (Athenian bilingual amphora), from Orvieto,Italy, ca. 525–520 BCE. Black-figure side (left) and red-figure side (right). 1’ 9” high. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 27
  28. 28. Figure 5-23 EUPHRONIOS, Herakles wrestling Antaios (detail of an Athenian red-figure calyx krater), from Cerveteri, Italy,ca. 510 BCE. Whole vessel 1’ 7” high; detail 7 3/4” high. Louvre, Paris. 28
  29. 29. Figure 5-24 EUTHYMIDES, Three revelers (Athenianred-figure amphora), from Vulci, Italy, ca. 510 BCE. 2’high. Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich. 29
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