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Talcott Parsons

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Spent a Few Hours Deconstructing Structural Functionalism (Parson's brand)

Spent a Few Hours Deconstructing Structural Functionalism (Parson's brand)


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  • AS an university lecturer i need this types of sociological article, which will help me lot, Please sent me the related ppt of Malinoswki related to tructural functionasilm if possible. Thank you
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Transcript

  • 1. Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) Presentation by : Paul Richardson
  • 2. Primary Analysis
    • Strengths (7 mins)
    • Weaknesses (7 mins)
    • How improves understanding (7 mins)
      • How (process description) improves understanding (learning)
      • I will describe the way (process) we learn from this article
      • Section Title: Learning Process Description
    • How author presents findings (7 mins)
      • The method, the format, and the strategy of argument.
      • Section Title: Presentation Methodology
    • What is learned about ed. phil. (7 mins)
      • Description of the knowledge, it's type & contents
      • Section Title: Epistemological Characteristics
    • Discussion Questions (10 minutes)
  • 3. Additional Materials
    • Following slides only covered if time permits
    • (all following slide materials “ripped” off the internet)
  • 4. Biographical Background
    • Youngest of five children. (Gordon Allport)
    • His father was a congregational minister and professor at Colorado College.
    • His mother was a progressivist and a suffragist.
  • 5. Background
    • His father was dismissed from Colorado College, he moved family to New York City (shifting around)
    • Began his career as a biologist and later became interested in economics and sociology.
    • Talcott graduated from Amherst in 1924 and a year later entered the London School of Economic.
  • 6. Background
    • He studied with Bronislaw Malinowski, L.T. Hobhouse, and Morris Ginsberg in London
    • Received scholarship from the University of Heidelberg (Germany)
    • He was greatly influenced by Weber.
    • After doctorate: taught at Amherst and then Harvard University
  • 7. Harvard
    • Worked with Gordon Allport, Henry Murray, and Clyde Kluckhohn in 1945 to establish the Department of Social Relations.
    • Department became famous
    • Talcott: chair for first ten years, then still active in the department until its dissolution in 1972.
    • A year later he retired as Emeritus Proffesor.
  • 8. Major Works - Timeframe
    • The Structure of Social Action (1937)
    • The Social System and Toward a General Theory of Action (1951)
    • Essay in Sociological Theory (1949, 1954)
    • Working Papers in the Theory of Acton (1953)
    • Structure and Process in Modern Society (1960)
    • Most prolific during 1950’s & 1960’s
    • This current article:
      • Evolutionary Universals in Society (1964)
  • 9. Functionalism Background
    • In 1950s and 1960 Functionalism reigned as the dominant theoretical perspective in sociology.
    • Is often referred to as structural functionalism because of its dual focus on the structural forces that shape human behavior and the attention given to system needs.
  • 10. Intellectual Influences
    • London School of Economics
      • Hobhouse
        • Evolution of Morality
      • Ginsberg
        • Economic institutions of preliterate societies
      • Malinowski
        • Structural-functional analysis in anthropology
        • Parsons’ integration of all social sciences into one of human action
    • Strong European influence
      • Two particular influences
        • Max Weber
        • Emile Durkheim
  • 11. Intellectual Influences
    • Max Weber
    • Greatest influence on Parsons
    • Dissertation, “Concept of Capitalism”, based primarily on Weber’s work
    • Marx’s Reductionist Approach
      • Tied strictly to economics
      • Overly simplistic and unrealistic
      • First major link of value systems and social structures
  • 12. Philosophy- Talcott Parsons
    • Realism v. Idealism
      • Idealist - An act is always a process in time, and that the concept “end” always implies a future reference to a state or situation that does not exist yet
    • Realism v. Nominalism
      • Realism – The relations between actors are essentially the structure of the social system
    • Idealism v. Materialism
      • Materialist – Interrelated parts contribute to the functioning of the whole system