Sap bi training with bo integrations


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  • Mr. Mishra
  • Mr. Mishra
  • All systems that provide BW with data are described as source systems. These can be: SAP ERP, other SAP BI systems Flat files, where metadata is maintained manually, and transferred into SAP BW through a file interface External systems, where data and metadata is transferred using staging BAPIs. Data Stage, XML, DB Connect Staging Master Data Flexible Staging: using communication structure and update rules Direct Staging: using communication structure without update rules The fields in the extract structure that have been assigned are made available in a template DataSource in SAP BW by a DataSource replication. The transfer structure is generated from the selected InfoObjects in the template In SAP BW, an InfoSource: Describes the quantity of all the data available for a business transaction or a type of business transaction (for example, cost center accounting) Is a quantity of information that logically belongs together, summarized into a single unit Contains either transaction data or master data (attributes, texts, and hierarchies) Is a set of InfoObjects stored in a structure called a communication structure
  • Sap bi training with bo integrations

    1. 1. SAP – Business Intelligence / Analytics “Demo” anticipated Time: 60 minutes SAP BIBO Learning Series Mr. Mishra Contact: mishra4927@gmail.com1
    2. 2. Unit 1 - SAP ERP Overview 1 hours  Understanding ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning) and  SAP ERP (ECC 6.0)  Why SAP ? What’s the use of a ERP Software  Different SAP ERP Modules SD, FI, HR© SAP 2007 / Page 2
    3. 3. Unit 2 - SAP BW Overview 2 hours Understaing DW/ BW and what’s the speciality of SAP BW Fundamentals of Data Warehousing and Business Intelligence. SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence (BW) Overview SAP NetWeaver Solution Delivery: IT Practices, Scenarios, and Usage Types SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence: Data Warehousing Other BI Tools Available in Market (Informatica, Cognos, OBIEE, Hyperion) 3
    4. 4. SAP BW / BI Release BW3.5 BW3.1 / (BW 3.0) BW 7.0 BW 7.3 GUI 6.20 GUI 6.40 GUI 7.00 GUI 7.10 BW 3.1 BW 3.5 BW 7.00 BW 7.10 ou BI CONT 3.10 BI CONT 3.5.1 BI CONT 7.0.1 BI CONT 7.1.1 to BI CONT 3.20 BI CONT 3.5.2 BI CONT 7.0.2 BI CONT 7.1.2 fm BI CONT 3.30 BI CONT 3.5.3 BI CONT 7.0.3 BI CONT 7.1.3 a in ABA 6.20 ABA 6.40 ABA 7.00 ABA 7.10 ten an ce Web AS 6.20 Web AS 6.40 Web AS 7.00 Web AS 7.10 Kernel 6.20 Kernel 6.40 Kernel 7.00 Kernel 7.10
    5. 5. SAP BW ARCHITECTURE© SAP 2008 / Page 5
    6. 6. SAP BW ARCHITECTURE© SAP 2008 / Page 6
    7. 7. Unit 3 - Modelling 4 Hours Objects in the BW Data Warehouse Layer Data Warehousing Workbench. InfoProviders: Business Purpose InfoObjects: Characteristics (Attribute,Text,Hier) InfoObjects: Key Figures The BI InfoCube: An Extended Star Schema Creating InfoCubes (Fact, Dimension, SID Tables) Exercise Look and Feel with Navigations 7
    8. 8. SAP BW Info Provider InfoCubes  Contains two types of data  Key figures  Characteristics  Can contain up to one fact table and 16 dimension tables  Each dimension table = max. 256 characteristics  Three dimensions are predefined by SAP  Time  Unit  Packet SAP InfoCube types SAP BusinessObjects Basic InfoCubes – Standard InfoCubes – optimized for read access Supported while allowing scheduled uploads data and metadata are physically stored in the same Transactional InfoCubes – designed for Supported SAP BW system applications, such as budgeting and planning, that require read and write-back access Remote InfoCubes – data is physically stored on a remote system, usually R/3 (it Supported can also be another BW system or any 3rd-party/custom system supporting the remote InfoCube BAPI)© SAP 2008 / Page 8
    9. 9. Unit 4 - Data Acquisition 4 Hours Data Acquisition and Transformation from SAP Source Systems Data Flow: Overview - Data Source, Info Source.. Loading Master Data from an SAP Source System Loading Transaction Data from an SAP Source System ETL Processes and Loading Hierarchies PSA, Source Systems •Info Source •Info Package •Transfer Rules •Update Rules •Transformation •Data Transfer Process 9
    10. 10. Dataflow Overview ODS Object new with Update Rules Update Rules BW 3.0 InfoSource InfoSource Communication Structure Communication Structure Transfer Rules Transfer Rules Transfer Rules Transfer Rules DataSource (Replicate) Transfer Structure Transfer Structure Transfer Structure Transfer Structure Transfer Structure Transfer Structure Transfer Structure Transfer Structure DataSource Extract Structure Extract Structure Extract Structure Extract Structure© SAP 2007 / Page 10 Source System 1 Source System 2
    11. 11. Transformation and DataSource A Transformation is used to consolidate, cleanse, and integrate data. The fields of the source are converted into the fields of the target A Data Source is defined to specify which kind of data is to be uploaded from the source systemFields of the data source Fields of the data target Fields that are delivered from the source system
    12. 12. Unit 5 - Data Acquisition from Other Systems4 Hours SAP BW data extraction process • Data Transfer into SAP BW • Flat file Extraction • DB Connect extraction • CO-PA data extraction • LIS and LO data extraction • Generic extractor • How to enhance standard business content Exercise 1. Creation of Data Source 2.Loading through Info Package to PSA 3. Loading through DTP to Info Cube 12
    13. 13. Data Transfer Process and InfoPackage InfoPackages are used to upload data from the Data transfer processes are used to transfer the source systems into PSA (that is assigned to the data further; in this case from the PSA table (that is DataSource); once a DTP is in place, all other assigned to the data source) to the InfoCube processing options are not available (grayed out)
    14. 14. Unit 6 - BW Content 3 Hours1. BW Content Definition2. Business Content Add-On:pre-configured information3. Business Content Installation4. Business Content Install Demo5. BW Administration Cockpit and Technical Content6. Versioning Concept7. Upgrade and Patching8. BW Content Enhancing 14
    15. 15. SAP BW Business Content: Definition Delivered Queries, Webtemplates up to complete Analytical Applications Predefined Data Models incl. InfoObjects, ODS and InfoCubes Extractors = Programs and Metadata for Extraction
    16. 16. Business Content Add-On:pre-configured information models +11,000 InfoObjects +340 ODS Objects +600 InfoCubes +120 MultiProviders +3,200 Queries +1,900 Workbooks +800 Roles The ideal starting point for custom-built Analytical Applications
    17. 17. Step 1: Available Objects 1. Select available objects by several trees DataTargets InfoObjects InfoSources Roles By Types By Patch By Development Class
    18. 18. Unit 7 - Transport and ABAP (specific to BW) 2 Hours  Transports  Types and Usage of Transports  ABAP: Basics of ABAP  Transformations: Start, End Routine  CMOD  Enhancements© SAP 2007 / Page 18
    19. 19. Unit 8 - Other InfoProviders 2 Hours DataStore Objects Types: Standard DSO Write Optimised DSO Direct Update DSO VirtualProviders and Real-Time Data Acquisition MultiProviders and BW InfoSets 19
    20. 20. SAP BW Multiprovider Multiproviders  Is a combination of other InfoProviders (UNIION only)  Needs no additional data storage  Splits queries automatically and distributed to InfoProviders  Is transparent for reporting MultiProvider InfoProvider InfoCube Master Data ODS Object InfoSet© SAP 2008 / Page 20
    21. 21. Unit 9 - SAP BW Front End Solutions : BEX 2 Hours BEx Query Designer  Central tool for creation of queries  Design queries once – reuse many times (in Web templates, Bex Analyzer Workbook,Defining  Report Designer) Publish queries directly to the Web  Two different versions exist: BW 3.5 and BI 7.0 BEx Query Designer BEx Analyzer  Full-featured OLAP analysis in MS ExcelExcel  Operational, tabular reporting  Workbooks can integrate several queriesReporting Ad hoc reporting based on InfoProvider (as of BI 7.X)   Leverage native Excel features (i.e. office integration)  Two different versions exist: BW 3.5 and BI 7.0 BEx Analyzer BEx Web Applications  Execute Web Templates (created with BEx Web Application Designer), Web Ad-hoc Analysis, Reports created with Report Designer, Formatted Reporting (Crystal Reports)Web  Designed for building targeted web applicationsReporting  One step publishing BEx (Web Application Designer, Report Designer  Two different versions exist: BW 3.5 (ABAP based Web Reporting) and BI 7.0 (Java based Web Reporting) BEx Web Application Designer
    22. 22. Unit 9.1 - Query Designer Designing a Simple Query with Free Characteristics and Prompts(Variable) Calculated Key Figure, Restricted Key Figure Query Properties on Formatting and Publishing to Business Object Tools Variables (Text, Hierarchy Node) Processing Types (Manual Input, SAP Exit, Customer Exit, Replacement Path) Exceptions, Conditions Information Broadcasting Web Application Designer Integration with Enterprise Portal 22
    23. 23. Definition of a query Queries are created:  Using the BW 3.5 or the BW 7.0 BEx Query Designer  Are the basis for WEB Templates, BEx Analyzer Workbooks, Formatted Reporting (Report Designer) Queries can beInfoObjects of theInfoProvider: created for differentKey Figures and InfoProviders:Dimensions  InfoCubes(Characteristics)  Operational Data Store objects / Data Store Objects The concept of a  InfoSets MultiProvider is explained on the next slide  InfoObjects  Virtual Providers  Aggregation Layers 
    24. 24. Unit 10 - SAP ASAP Methodology What is ASAP •Team Member Roles and Responsibilities •Documents required in each phrase • Major Milestones and Activities for BW developer •How to Write BRD and Blueprint • Introduction of the Business Scenario for the Simulated BW Project  Introduction to •SAP Notes •Service Market Place© SAP 2007 / Page 24
    25. 25. Unit 11: Administration of Data Targets 2 Hours System Administration Tasks in BI: Overview Administration of InfoCubes Roll Up, Compression, Chang Run Administration of DataStore Objects Open Hub service•Data Marts•Info Spokes•Open Hub Destination Delta Management 25
    26. 26. Unit 12 - Process Chains 2 Hours A process chain is a sequence of processes that wait in the background for an event. Some of these processes trigger a separate event that can start other processes in turn. A process in the context of BW process chains is a procedure inside of or external to an SAP system with a defined beginning and end. A distinction is made between a start process, an application process and a collection process. 26
    27. 27. Unit 13: Introduction to Query PerformanceOptimization 2 Hours Introduction to Query Performance Optimization in BW BW Aggregates BW Accelerator Statistics Overview 27
    28. 28. Unit 14: BW Support Activities 2 Hours  Work Process Overview  Process Chain Monitoring  Database Monitoring  Dump Analysis  Performance Tuning  Data Inconsistency Issues  Query Tuning  Etc.. SAP/Business Objects Proprietary Confidential© SAP 2007 / Page 28
    29. 29. Unit 15: SAP INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS WITH BUSINESS OBJECTS 2 Hours Installing the software – IS with Business Objects What you get: 1. SAP Connectivity Open SQL (CR ERP), InfoSet (CR ERP), BW Query and MDX (CR), ODS (CR), OLAP BAPI (Webi and Voyager) 2. SAP Authentication 3. BW Publisher Service 4. Web Content 5. BW Content Administration Workbench - /crystal/rptadmin 6. SAP Enterprise Portal – Knowledge Management 7. SAP Enterprise Portal – iView template and sample iViews© SAP 2008 / Page 29