What makes a country/state? In order to be considered your own nation you must meet all 4 of the following: 1.Population 2.Territory/Land 3.Sovereignty 4.Government
Theories and Purposes of GovernmentWhy do we have government? If you were in charge of the government what would be your goals/priorities?
2. Force• Strong leader most important aspect of government• leaders took control by force3. Divine Right• Royal power came from God• subjects obey ruler like they obey God• ancient Egypt, China, 17th Century Europe
Theories of Government 1. Evolutionary • Grew from family relationship between parents and children • Rulers (parents) had authority to guide and punish subjects (children)
4. Social Contract• Thomas Hobbes - subjects surrender freedom to ruler & ruler protects subjects• John Locke - Natural Rights – life, liberty, property• subjects agreed to obey ruler & ruler would protect natural rights
Purposes of Government1. Maintain social order• Conflict is inevitable - property, disagreements, etc.• Power to make and enforce laws – taxes, military service, courts, etc.2. Providing public services• Individuals cannot provide everything on their own• Services make community life possible and promote general welfare
3. Providing national security• Other nations/terrorists are a major threat – nuclear weapons, etc.• Government makes laws and keeps an army to protect its citizens4. Making economic decisions• Gap between rich and poor is often very large – can lead to revolt• Governments intervene in economic activities – foreign aid, benefits, services, control economic environment