Government Policy• Governments form plans of action, including policies, rules, and actions, in many areas.• They typically form policies and positions on issues in two areas: 1. Domestic Policy 2. Foreign policy
Domestic/Social Policy• Domestic or Social Policy involves the government making decisions and taking action on issues inside of the United States• The Goals of Domestic Policy: 1. Ensure the long-term economic strength of the nation 2. Provide security & necessities for the nations citizens 3. Uphold important national values, traditions, and customs while also adapting to inevitable change
Areas of Domestic Policy1. Direct Payments to Citizens (Entitlements) – Social Security – Unemployment – Welfare programs such as food stamps, etc. – Subsidies to farmers
Areas of Domestic Policy2. Provide Services for Citizens – Transportation (roads, bridges, buses, etc.) – Education – Housing – Safety (FDA, safety standards, pollution) – Security (Police, homeland security, laws/courts)
Areas of Domestic Policy3. Maintaining economic security and strength – Taxes – Trade/Trade Partners – Business regulations or incentives – Workers rights – Investments in science, technology, or research
Foreign Policy The strategies and actions taken byour government in dealing with other nations or events around the world
Foreign Policy• Why does the United States care and get involved around the world? – As the world’s only superpower, the US has a unique and often challenging role in the world. – Therefore we must have a clear foreign policy that is created by both the President and Congress – Our foreign policy is centered around 5 goals…
Goals of Foreign Policy1. National Security – Always the #1 priority of our government. Action must be taken to protect the US and our interests and people around the world.2. Free Trade – It is critical for the US economy that we have trading partners around the world. Our economy is linked with countries all over the world.
Goals of Foreign Policy3. Promote World Peace – As a world leader it is important to see the rest of the world is peaceful. Instability in the world can impact all of us.4. Support/Promote Democracy – It is important to uphold the values of democracy. Democracies have never gone to war against each other.5. Concern for Humanity – As a world power we often have the resources and ability to help those in need.
Tools of Foreign Policy (Nice Version)• Alliances & Defense Pacts – Agreements with other nations to work with each other, protect each other, etc.• Foreign Aid – We may provide money or supplies in exchange for something that we want from another nation
Tools of Foreign Policy (Not So Nice Version)• Economic Sanctions – Refuse to trade with other nations, freeze their $, etc. as punishment or to get them to see things our way.• Military Power – The world’s most powerful military can be used in a variety of ways to help us achieve our goals