Chapter 1, Section 3   TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
I. Major Types of        Government• A. Governments may  be classified according  to who governs the  state.
I. Major Types of Government• B. In an autocracy  such as a dictatorship  or absolute monarchy,  power and authority  resi...
I. Major Types of Government• C. In an oligarchy,  such as a communist  country, a small group  holds power in the  govern...
I. Major Types of Government• D. In a democracy such  as the United States, the  people hold the  sovereign power of  gove...
II. Characteristics of          Democracy• A. Government works to  secure equality for its  citizens in the eyes of the  l...
II. Characteristics of Democracy• B. Government is based on majority rule through the people’s elected representatives, bu...
II. Characteristics of Democracy• C. Government is based on free  and open elections in which  every citizen has the right...
II. Characteristics of Democracy• D. Competing Political parties  choose candidates for office, and  offer voters choices ...
III. The Soil of Democracy• A. Certain conditions or  environments favor the  development of the democratic  system of gov...
III. The Soil of Democracy• B. Active Citizen Participation:  Countries where citizens  participate fully in civic life ar...
III. The Soil of Democracy• C. A Strong Economy: Stable, growing economies with a large middle class help strengthen democ...
III. The Soil of Democracy• D. An Educated Public: A public school system open to all people helps promote democracy. Medi...
III. The Soil of DemocracyE. A strong civil society: Anetwork of voluntary organizations(including economic groups,religio...
III. The Soil of Democracy• F. A Social Consensus: The people  accept democratic values such  as individual liberty and eq...
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  1. 1. Chapter 1, Section 3 TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
  2. 2. I. Major Types of Government• A. Governments may be classified according to who governs the state.
  3. 3. I. Major Types of Government• B. In an autocracy such as a dictatorship or absolute monarchy, power and authority reside in a single individual.
  4. 4. I. Major Types of Government• C. In an oligarchy, such as a communist country, a small group holds power in the government.
  5. 5. I. Major Types of Government• D. In a democracy such as the United States, the people hold the sovereign power of government.
  6. 6. II. Characteristics of Democracy• A. Government works to secure equality for its citizens in the eyes of the law.
  7. 7. II. Characteristics of Democracy• B. Government is based on majority rule through the people’s elected representatives, but respects the rights of minorities. This is democracies greatest challenge!
  8. 8. II. Characteristics of Democracy• C. Government is based on free and open elections in which every citizen has the right to vote, every vote has equal weight, and candidates for office can freely express their views.
  9. 9. II. Characteristics of Democracy• D. Competing Political parties choose candidates for office, and offer voters choices during an election.
  10. 10. III. The Soil of Democracy• A. Certain conditions or environments favor the development of the democratic system of government and help to ensure its long-term survival.
  11. 11. III. The Soil of Democracy• B. Active Citizen Participation: Countries where citizens participate fully in civic life are more likely to maintain a strong democracy.
  12. 12. III. The Soil of Democracy• C. A Strong Economy: Stable, growing economies with a large middle class help strengthen democracies.
  13. 13. III. The Soil of Democracy• D. An Educated Public: A public school system open to all people helps promote democracy. Media and other sources help people understand important issues.
  14. 14. III. The Soil of DemocracyE. A strong civil society: Anetwork of voluntary organizations(including economic groups,religious groups, and many others),independent of government helpsdemocracy to flourish.
  15. 15. III. The Soil of Democracy• F. A Social Consensus: The people accept democratic values such as individual liberty and equality for all and share a belief that democracy is the best form of government.
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