Ww2

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Ww2

  1. 1. The Versailles Treaty
  2. 2. A Weak League of Nations
  3. 3. The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations  No control of major conflicts.  No progress in disarmament.  No effective military force.
  4. 4. The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied.
  5. 5. Decadence of the Weimar Republic
  6. 6. France – False Sense of Security? The Maginot Line
  7. 7. France – False Sense of Security?
  8. 8. International AgreementsLocarno Pact – 1925  France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy  Guarantee existing frontiers  Establish DMZ 30 miles deep on East bank of Rhine River  Refrain from aggression against each otherKellogg-Briand Pact – 1928  Makes war illegal as a tool of diplomacy  No enforcement provisions
  9. 9. The Great Depression
  10. 10. The Manchurian Crisis, 1931
  11. 11. Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931
  12. 12. Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935 Emperor Haile Selassie
  13. 13. Germany Invades the Rhineland March 7, 1936
  14. 14. U. S. Neutrality Acts: 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939
  15. 15. America-First Committee Charles Lindbergh
  16. 16. Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936 The “Pact of Steel”
  17. 17. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The The National Popular Front Front [Nationalists] [Republicans] Carlists [ultra-Catholic  Anarcho-Syndicalists. monarchists].  Basques. Catholic Church.  Catalans. Falange [fascist] Party.  Communists. Monarchists.  Marxists.  Republicans.  Socialists.
  18. 18. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939
  19. 19. The Spanish Civil War
  20. 20. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The American “Lincoln Brigade”
  21. 21. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 Francisco Franco
  22. 22. The Spanish Civil War:A Dress Rehearsal for WW II? Italian troops in Madrid
  23. 23. “Guernica” by Pablo Picasso
  24. 24. The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937
  25. 25. The Austrian Anschluss, 1938
  26. 26. The “Problem” of the Sudetenland
  27. 27. Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have “peace in our time!” HerrHitler is a man we can do business with.
  28. 28. Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939
  29. 29. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign Ministersvon Ribbentrop & Molotov
  30. 30. Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [“Lightening War”]
  31. 31. German Troops March into Warsaw
  32. 32. Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940 The Tripartite Pact
  33. 33. European Theater of Operations
  34. 34. The “Phoney War” Ends: Spring, 1940
  35. 35. Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940
  36. 36. France Surrenders June, 1940
  37. 37. A Divided France Henri Petain
  38. 38. The French ResistanceThe Free French General Charles DeGaulle The Maquis
  39. 39. Now Britain Is All Alone!
  40. 40. U. S. Lend-Lease Act, 1941Great Britain.........................$31 billionSoviet Union..........................$11 billionFrance..................................$3 billionChina..................................$1.5 billionOther European......................$500 millionSouth America.......................$400 million The amount totaled: $48,601,365,000
  41. 41. Lend-Lease
  42. 42. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
  43. 43. Battle of Britain:The “Blitz”
  44. 44. The London “Tube”:Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
  45. 45. The Royal Air Force
  46. 46. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
  47. 47. The Atlantic Charter  Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941.  Solidifies alliance.  Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points.  Calls for League of Nations type organization.
  48. 48. Operation Barbarossa:Hitler’s Biggest Mistake
  49. 49. Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941  3,000,000 German soldiers.  3,400 tanks.
  50. 50. The “Big Three”Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
  51. 51. Axis Powers in 1942
  52. 52. Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German Army Russian Army 1,011,500 men 1,000,500 men10,290 artillery guns 13,541 artillery guns 675 tanks 894 tanks 1,216 planes 1,115 planes
  53. 53. The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The “Desert Fox”Gen. Bernard LawMontgomery (“Monty”)
  54. 54. The Italian Campaign [“Operation Torch”] : Europe’s “Soft Underbelly” Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov. 1942-May 1943 George S. Patton leads American troops Germans trapped in Tunisia - surrender over 275,000 troops.
  55. 55. The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 GeneralGeorge S. Patton
  56. 56. George C. ScottPlaying General Patton in the 1968 Movie, “Patton”
  57. 57. The Battle of Monte Casino: February, 1944
  58. 58. The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944
  59. 59. Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Ordersfor D-Day [“Operation Overlord”]
  60. 60. D-Day (June 6, 1944)
  61. 61. Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944)German Prisoners Higgins Landing Crafts
  62. 62. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg
  63. 63. July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel 3. Gen Alfred von Jodl 4. Gen Walter Warlimont 5. Franz von Sonnleithner 6. Maj Herbert Buchs 7. Stenographer Heinz Buchholz 8. Lt Gen Hermann Fegelein 9. Col Nikolaus von Below 10. Rear Adm Hans-Erich Voss 11. Otto Gunsche, Hitlers adjutant 12. Gen Walter Scherff (injured) 13. Gen Ernst John von Freyend 14. Capt Heinz Assman (injured)
  64. 64. The Liberation of Paris:August 25, 1944 De Gaulle in Triumph!
  65. 65. U. S. Troops in Paris, 1944
  66. 66. French Female Collaborators
  67. 67. The Battle of the Bulge: Hitler’s Last Offensive Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan. 28, 1945
  68. 68. Yalta: February, 1945 FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war. FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany. Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin. FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’.
  69. 69. Mussolini &His Mistress, Claretta PetacciAre Hung inMilan, 1945
  70. 70. US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River: April 25, 1945
  71. 71. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed
  72. 72. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Entrance to Auschwitz: Work Makes You FreeCrematoria at Majdanek
  73. 73. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Eli Wiesel Slave Labor at Buchenwald
  74. 74. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Mass Graves at Bergen-Belsen
  75. 75. Hitler’s “Secret Weapons”: Too Little, Too Late! V-1 Rocket: “Buzz Bomb” V-2 Rocket Werner von Braun
  76. 76. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 Cyanide & PistolsThe Führer’s Bunker Mr. & Mrs. Hitler
  77. 77. V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel
  78. 78. V-E Day (May 8, 1945)
  79. 79. The Code Breakers of WW II The Japanese “Purple” [naval] Code Machine Bletchley Park The German “Enigma” Machine
  80. 80. Pearl Harbor
  81. 81. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
  82. 82. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot
  83. 83. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
  84. 84. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War
  85. 85. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
  86. 86. Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!
  87. 87. Pacific Theater of Operations
  88. 88. “Tokyo Rose”
  89. 89. Paying for the War
  90. 90. Paying for the War
  91. 91. Paying for the War
  92. 92. Betty Grable: Allied Pinup GirlShe Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For
  93. 93. Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942]
  94. 94. U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor, the Philippines [March, 1942]
  95. 95. Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines.
  96. 96. Bataan: British Soldiers A Liberated British POW
  97. 97. The Burma Campaign General Stilwell Leaving Burma, 1942The “Burma Road”
  98. 98. Allied Counter-Offensive: “Island-Hopping”
  99. 99. “Island-Hopping”: US Troops on Kwajalien Island
  100. 100. Farthest Extentof Japanese Conquests
  101. 101. Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle:First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942
  102. 102. Battle of the Coral Sea: May 7-8, 1942
  103. 103. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  104. 104. Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942
  105. 105. Japanese Kamikaze Planes:The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers
  106. 106. Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944]
  107. 107. US Marines on Mt. Surbachi, Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945]
  108. 108. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945 FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference. Stalin only original. The United States has the A-bomb. Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zones Poland moved around to suit P.M. Clement President Joseph the Soviets. Atlee Truman Stalin
  109. 109. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM I am become Major GeneralLesley R. Groves death, the shatterer of worlds! Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
  110. 110. Tinian Island, 1945Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
  111. 111. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
  112. 112. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  113. 113. The Beginning of the Atomic Age
  114. 114. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945© 40,000 killed immediately.© 60,000 injured.© 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  115. 115. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
  116. 116. Hiroshima Memorials
  117. 117. V-J Day (September 2, 1945)
  118. 118. Japanese POWs, Guam
  119. 119. V-J Day in Times Square, NYC
  120. 120. WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  121. 121. WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  122. 122. Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded WW IIAustralia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131 CasualtiesBrazil2 40,334 943 4,222Bulgaria 339,760 6,671 21,878Canada 1,086,3437 42,0427 53,145China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006Czechoslovakia — 6,6834 8,017Denmark — 4,339 — 1. Civilians only. 2. Army and navy figures.Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000 3. Figures cover period July 7,France — 201,568 400,000 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945,Germany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000 and concern only Chinese regular troops. They do notGreece — 17,024 47,290 include casualties sufferedHungary — 147,435 89,313 by guerrillas and localIndia 2,393,891 32,121 64,354 military corps. 4. Deaths from all causes.Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716 5. Against Soviet Russia;Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000 385,847Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860 against Nazi Germany. 6. Against Soviet Russia;New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000 169,822Norway 75,000 2,000 — against Nazi Germany.Poland — 664,000 530,000 7. National Defense Ctr., CanadianRomania 650,0005 350,0006 — Forces Hq., Director ofSouth Africa 410,056 2,473 — History.U.S.S.R. — 6,115,0004 14,012,000United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
  123. 123. Massive Human Dislocations
  124. 124. The U.S. & the U.S.S.R.Emerged as the Two Superpowers of the later 20c
  125. 125. The Bi-Polarization of Europe: The Beginning of the Cold War
  126. 126. The Division of Germany: 1945 - 1990
  127. 127. The Creation of the U. N.
  128. 128. The Nuremberg War Trials: Crimes Against Humanity
  129. 129. Japanese War Crimes Trials General Hideki TojoBio-ChemicalExperiments
  130. 130. 7 Future American Presidents Served in World War II
  131. 131. The Race for Space
  132. 132. Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II Colossus, 1941Mark I, 1944 Admiral Grace Hooper, 1944-1992 COBOL language
  133. 133. The Emergence of ThirdWorld Nationalist Movements
  134. 134. The De-Colonization of European Empires

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