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Can you explain 3
claims for your
the atomic bomb?
Go over the debate topics.
Break into groups.
Assign debate topic and point of view.
Research the topic and fill in their
5. Create an introductory paragraph that
presents a debate thesis and
introduces three claims.
Topics to Debate
Should the United States build an
Should the United States drop an
atomic bomb on Japan?
Should the United States drop a second
bomb on Japan?
Did the United States make the correct
decision about dropping the bomb?
1. Class is broken into 2 groups.
Pro and anti bomb.
1. Students are assigned a topic to represent.
Should the United States build an atomic bomb?
Should the United States drop an atomic bomb on Japan?
Should the United States drop a second bomb on Japan?
Did the United States make the correct decision about
dropping the bomb?
2. Read and highlight/underline the handout.
3. In your notebook, write notes about your topic using
information from the textbook and handout.
4. Fill out the debate organizer using the textbook, the
handout, and extend your research into other sources.
5. Look at rubric to see how the debate is scored.
First Speaker, Proposition Team 2 minutes
First Speaker, Opposition Team 2 minutes
Second Speaker, Proposition Team 2 minutes
Second Speaker, Opposition Team 2 minutes
Rebuttal Speaker, Opposition Team 1 minute
Rebuttal Speaker, Proposition Team 1 minute
Summary speech for your team.
Focus on the 2-4 critical claims your
Do not start new arguments.
Summarize the entire debate.
Answer the critical claims brought up
in the Opposition Rebuttal.
Do not start new arguments.
Claim- The argument you are making.
Counterclaim- The argument your opponent is
making or the point you are trying to disprove.
Point of information- A request by a member
of one team to a person who is speaking to
give some of her time to the other team to
make a comment or ask a question about her
Heckling- An interruption of a speaker during
Points of Information
Also known as POI (pronounced “P-O-I”)
May be accepted or rejected
May not last longer than 15 seconds
Accept only 1 point at a time
Person making a POI may not
Interrupt the speaker’s answer to the point
Make a two-part question
Ask a follow-up question
Applaud teammates and opponents after
Pounding on a desktop with an open palm
Slapping one’s hand 3-4 times
Supporting a partner’s particularly clever or
May add a shout of “Hear! Hear!” to the
Disagree with an opponent
Shout “Shame!” but do not pound on the table
Disrupting the debate in any other manner
than those listed on the slide above
May result in losing points for your debate
even if you are not currently debating.
existence of the
Has been brutal
throughout the war.
working them to death.
May have caused more
deaths during the war
than the Nazis
May have killed over 17
Sneak attack on Pearl
Battles against the Japanese
on both sides:
only about 1000
along with about
only 7000 surrendered;
War has drastically
Invasion plan of
Scheduled for November
Some advise to
blockade the islands and
continue bombing until
U.S. bombs Japanese
cities on a regular basis
almost every major
Japanese city hit.
firebombing of Tokyo in
March killed over 100,000
U.S. intercepted messages
between Japan and Russia
Show Japanese want to
U.S. pursued a policy to
Russians have promised
the U.S. that they will
attack Japan on August
Japan’s Supreme War Council
Hopes to achieve one last major victory before it
negotiating seriously with the U.S.
Ketsugo - military plan
use remaining strength to defend their islands and inflict
Think U.S. will have to agree to give better surrender terms
Wants to crush Japan
Expects the victorious
nations to partition and
Include a Russian zone of
Similar to Germany
American public opinion
90% of Americans want
One-third of Americans
favor executing the
Almost all other
Americans want him
removed from power
after the war
Successful test on an
atomic bomb in the
New Mexico desert.
A single atomic bomb
can destroy a whole city
July 26th, Truman issued the Postdam
U.S. threatened the Japanese with utter
Japanese could not return their emperor.
Bomb should be
used against Japan
as soon as possible
against a war plant
Some military leaders predict 175,000
American casualties if the U.S. invades Kyushu
Two other military strategies available:
blockade has become extremely effective:
Japan can import almost nothing
bombing campaign has weakened Japan.
report on the effectiveness of conventional bombing
concentrate all of its bombing on railroads, bridges,
Starvation will become widespread throughout the
Truman takes advice of
Use of the atomic bomb against
a military target,
factory surrounded by workers'
U.S. planes dropped the bomb
on the city of Hiroshima on
August 6th, killing about
The Japanese government did not
Russians are about to declare war
and attack Japanese forces in
The U.S. military plans
second atomic bomb on
another Japanese city.
Truman did not
interfere with plans for
the second bombing
U.S. planes dropped
the bomb on Nagasaki
on August 9th.
ordered the military
not to use atomic
bombs without his
September 2nd the U.S. accepted the
formal surrender of Japan.
Historical perspectives on Truman's
decision: Truman's decision to drop the
atomic bombs on Hiroshima and
Nagasaki remains controversial.