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Legal one advanced bullying power point (1)
 

Legal one advanced bullying power point (1)

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    Legal one advanced bullying power point (1) Legal one advanced bullying power point (1) Presentation Transcript

    • LEGAL ONE ADVANCED NEW JERSEY’SANTI-BULLYING BILL OF RIGHTS
    • NEW LAW• January 5, 2011 Governor Christie signed into law the “Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights”• New law goes into effect September 2011• Amends the 2002 anti-bullying law
    • KEY ISSUES IN NEW LAWWhat has changed? • New definition of bullying • Clarifies responsibility for conduct away from school grounds • Creates School Safety Teams • Requires Anti-Bullying Specialist in every school • Requires Anti-Bullying Coordinator for district • New investigation, reporting, discipline, appeal procedures
    • KEY ISSUES IN NEW LAW (cont’d)• New state reporting requirements on incidents of bullying• New grading procedure for schools and districts• New training requirements• Clarifies instances where school employee may be subject to disciplinary action
    • NEW DEFINITION “Harassment, Intimidation or Bullying” (“HIB”)TYPES OF BEHAVIORS: – Includes ANY gesture, or – ANY written, verbal or physical act, or – ANY electronic communication – Can be a single incident or series of incidents
    • DEFINITION (cont’d)Motivation for HIB Behavior: – ANY actual OR PERCEIVED characteristic – EXAMPLES: race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, or mental/physical/sensory disability, or ANY OTHER DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTIC
    • Definition (cont’d)LOCATION OF INCIDENT: – On school property – At school-sponsored function – On a school bus – Off school grounds (including cyberspace)
    • DEFINITION (cont’d)• MUST MEET ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS in addition to causing substantial disruption or interference: – Has effect of insulting or demeaning student or group of students OR – Creates hostile educational environment for student by interfering with student’s education OR severely or pervasively causing physical or emotional harm to student
    • REVISED LANGUAGE, BUT SIMILAR LEGAL STANDARD• Clarifies need for threshold showing of substantial disruption with operation of school or rights of student, already true based on case law• Clarifies could be single incident or series, but already true based on case law• Clarifies could be emotional or physical harm, but already true based on case law
    • SIMILAR LEGAL STANDARD (cont’d)• Clarifies incident could be off school grounds, already true based on case law• Creates new term “hostile educational environment,” but still requires threshold showing of substantial disruption first
    • CONDUCT AWAY FROM SCHOOL GROUNDS• Duty goes beyond “portal to portal”• Legal duty existed since 1971 decision in R.R. v. Shore Regional• In NJ administrative code since 2005 (N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.6)• Examples – student in fight at park over perceived sexual orientation, student fearful and distracted in school; cyberbullying created at home through peer’s Facebook page or Twitter account, and student ‘s grades begin to drop
    • ANTI-BULLYING SPECIALIST• New position – every school• Principal appoints• Guidance counselor, school psychologist or other “similarly trained” individual• If none of above available, appoint someone else from staff
    • ANTI-BULLYING SPECIALIST (cont’d)• DUTIES – Responsible to LEAD investigations – Primary official responsible for preventing, identifying and addressing incidents – Chair the newly-created School Safety Team
    • SCHOOL SAFETY TEAMS• Chaired by Anti-Bullying Specialist• Includes principal or designee, teacher, parent, other members as determined by principal
    • SCHOOL SAFETY TEAM (cont’d)• DUTIES – Receive complaints reported to principal – Receive copies of investigation reports – Review and strengthen school policies – Identify and address patterns of bullying in school – Participate in training programs – Collaborate with district Anti-Bullying Coordinator to collect and develop policies – PARENT EXCLUDED FROM HAVING INFO ON SPECIFIC INCIDENTS OR ROLE IN IDENTIFYING PATTERNS
    • ANTI-BULLYING COORDINATOR• Superintendent must appoint from existing staff• DUTIES – Coordinate and strengthen policies – Collaborate with school anti-bullying specialists – Provide data to NJDOE – Meet at least 2 times per year with anti-bullying specialists
    • NEW INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE• DETAILED, SPECIFIC TIMELINES• Verbal report must be made to principal on same day incident occurs• Follow-up written report within 2 days of verbal report• Principal must initiate investigation within one school day of receiving report. Until clarified in regulations, assume must initiate within 1 day of VERBAL report
    • NEW INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE (cont’d)• Investigation must be conducted by Anti- Bullying Specialist• Principal may appoint others to assist• Must complete as soon as possible, no later than 10 school days from date of the written report• Must give report to superintendent within 2 school days of completing investigation• May amend report if additional info later
    • NEW INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE (cont’d)• Superintendent must decide actions to take: – Intervention services – Training programs – Impose discipline – Order counseling • Report to Board at next board meeting following completion of investigation
    • DUE PROCESS RIGHTS FOR ALLEGED ACCUSED AND ALLEGED VICTIM(S)• Parents of all parties involved have right to receive information—includes parents of alleged victim and alleged bully• Must provide info within 5 school days after results of investigation reported to board• Parent may request hearing after receiving information, must be provided within 10 days of request
    • DUE PROCESS RIGHTS (cont’d)• Board must issue a decision in writing at next board meeting following receipt of report• Parents of parties may appeal decision to Commissioner of Education within 90 days• Parents of alleged victim may separately file complaint with NJ Division on Civil Rights within 180 of alleged incident• Parents may also file in Superior Court or federal district court – if bullying is based on protected characteristic under state or federal law
    • EMPLOYEE DISCIPLINE• School Administrator who fails to initiate or conduct an investigation, OR• Who SHOULD HAVE KNOWN of an incident and fails to take action• Key issue – SHOULD HAVE KNOWN – need to create clear internal procedures, provide training• Range of possible discipline – memo, increment withholding, tenure charges• Board members may not engage in reprisals against witnesses or victims
    • STATE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS• State Report Card will include bullying info• Two times each year, district must report to board on acts of violence, vandalism and bullying (Once Sept 1 – Jan.1/Once Jan. 1 – June 30)• Must report data to NJDOE• Type and number of incidents, with breakdown of reasons for bullying incidents (race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, etc.)
    • GRADING• District report shall be used to grade each school and district• Grade based on efforts to implement required law and board policies• Commissioner will develop guidelines for grading• Grade must be posted on homepage of school’s website
    • DOE GUIDANCE DOCUMENT• Commissioner is required to establish: – guidance document to assist school districts AND – formal protocol for Executive County Supt. to investigate complaints
    • OVERVIEW – DETAILED TRAINING NEEDED• This presentation is intended to provide a basic overview of new law• Beyond scope to address: – full legal requirements, including recent case law – practical implications in real world setting – How to properly conduct an investigation – Best practices
    • Training Required• School districts must provide annual training for all staff on code of conduct, including bullying• Must include as part of required suicide prevention• Must be part of required 12 hours of training that all school leaders must complete• Required for school leader prep by 2012
    • Caldwell-West Caldwell Public Schools Professional Development Certificate is hereby granted to: to certify that they have completed the following district sponsored workshop: NJ’s Law for Harassment, Intimidation & Bullying Hours awarded: 2.0 Date Completed: Presenter: James A. Brown, Vice Principal, JCHSThe Caldwell-West Caldwell School District is a Registered Provider (#2667) with the State of New Jersey ___________________________ Administrator