Americans Move Westward
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  • 1. Americans Move Westward Advances in Transportation
  • 2. Pioneers
    • By 1820, the population of some eastern states actually declines
    • Roads
      • Great Wagon Road
      • Wilderness Road
  • 3. River Travel
    • Flatboats and Barges
    • Steam Engines
      • Moving upstream was difficult
      • With steam engines, river travel was revolutionized
    Insert movie here
  • 4. Fitch and Fulton
    • 1787, John Fitch opens a ferry service along the Delaware River using steam-powered barges
    • Robert Fulton launches the Clermont in 1807
    • This ushers in the age of steamboats
    Robert Fulton, American inventor and artist Robert Fulton.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
  • 5. Improvements to Roads
    • Roads west were rough and muddy
    • Private companies built turnpikes, or toll roads and used the money they collected to care for the roads.
    • Corduroy Roads- set on logs
    • National Road ran from Cumberland, MD to Wheeling, WV. Eventually it ran all the way to Illinois.
    National Road, Conestoga wagons such as this one carried freight.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
  • 6. Canal Boom
    • Canals were built to help people get their goods directly to market
    • Artificial waterways dug by men.
    • Erie Canal—people laughed at the idea
    American canals built between 1790 and 1850.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
  • 7. Erie Canal
    • DeWitt Clinton pushed the idea through the NY legislature
    • Began in 1817 and finished in 1825, the canal stretched from Albany to Buffalo.
    • Instant success that led other states to build canals.
  • 8. Railroads
    •  
    • Beginning in 1830, railroads were constructed in America.
    • Looking at the table above, what relationship do you notice between the length of railroads v. the length of canals?
    (Length in miles) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 canals 1277 3326 3698 railroad     73 3328 8879 30,636 50,000