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Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
Americans Move Westward
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Americans Move Westward

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Westward migration

Westward migration

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  • 1. Americans Move Westward Advances in Transportation
  • 2. Pioneers <ul><li>By 1820, the population of some eastern states actually declines </li></ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Wagon Road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilderness Road </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. River Travel <ul><li>Flatboats and Barges </li></ul><ul><li>Steam Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving upstream was difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With steam engines, river travel was revolutionized </li></ul></ul>Insert movie here
  • 4. Fitch and Fulton <ul><li>1787, John Fitch opens a ferry service along the Delaware River using steam-powered barges </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Fulton launches the Clermont in 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>This ushers in the age of steamboats </li></ul>Robert Fulton, American inventor and artist Robert Fulton.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
  • 5. Improvements to Roads <ul><li>Roads west were rough and muddy </li></ul><ul><li>Private companies built turnpikes, or toll roads and used the money they collected to care for the roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Corduroy Roads- set on logs </li></ul><ul><li>National Road ran from Cumberland, MD to Wheeling, WV. Eventually it ran all the way to Illinois. </li></ul>National Road, Conestoga wagons such as this one carried freight.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
  • 6. Canal Boom <ul><li>Canals were built to help people get their goods directly to market </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial waterways dug by men. </li></ul><ul><li>Erie Canal—people laughed at the idea </li></ul>American canals built between 1790 and 1850.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
  • 7. Erie Canal <ul><li>DeWitt Clinton pushed the idea through the NY legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Began in 1817 and finished in 1825, the canal stretched from Albany to Buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>Instant success that led other states to build canals. </li></ul>
  • 8. Railroads <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning in 1830, railroads were constructed in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking at the table above, what relationship do you notice between the length of railroads v. the length of canals? </li></ul>(Length in miles) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 canals 1277 3326 3698 railroad     73 3328 8879 30,636 50,000

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