Americans Move Westward Advances in Transportation
- By 1820, the population of some eastern states actually declines
- Moving upstream was difficult
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- With steam engines, river travel was revolutionized
Fitch and Fulton
- 1787, John Fitch opens a ferry service along the Delaware River using steam-powered barges
- Robert Fulton launches the Clermont in 1807
Robert Fulton, American inventor and artist Robert Fulton.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
- This ushers in the age of steamboats
Improvements to Roads
- Roads west were rough and muddy
- Private companies built turnpikes, or toll roads and used the money they collected to care for the roads.
- Corduroy Roads- set on logs
National Road, Conestoga wagons such as this one carried freight.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
- National Road ran from Cumberland, MD to Wheeling, WV. Eventually it ran all the way to Illinois.
- Canals were built to help people get their goods directly to market
- Artificial waterways dug by men.
American canals built between 1790 and 1850.. IRC. 2005. unitedstreaming. 9 May 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/>
- Erie Canal—people laughed at the idea
- DeWitt Clinton pushed the idea through the NY legislature
- Began in 1817 and finished in 1825, the canal stretched from Albany to Buffalo.
- Instant success that led other states to build canals.
- Beginning in 1830, railroads were constructed in America.
(Length in miles) 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 canals 1277 3326 3698 railroad 73 3328 8879 30,636 50,000
- Looking at the table above, what relationship do you notice between the length of railroads v. the length of canals?