0
Philip J. Freeburg, J.D. 
Local Government Center, 
University of Wisconsin Extension- 
Madison 
Copyright © 2014 by the B...
Objectives 
Roles and Relationship of Local 
Government to State and Federal 
Government 
Roles and Structures of Wisconsi...
We Know: 
Federal Government 
State Government 
Local Government
Federal and State Government 
Federal Government role: 
Constitution is the framework of federal powers 
What are these po...
Federal Government Powers 
Defense 
International and Native American Relations 
Regulate Interstate & Foreign Commerce 
P...
State Powers 
Amendment 10 – US Constitution 
Powers of the States and People. 
The powers not delegated to the United 
St...
Powers of Local Governments 
The US constitution does not mention County, Town, 
City, or other Municipal Government
Government Responsibility 
Because all other government responsibilities fall to 
the states, state governments create and...
Relationships of Federal, State and 
Local Government in Action 
You live in a Town & your neighbor’s house is on 
fire. Y...
To answer the question let’s follow 
the path of the Firefighters' gear 
to the fire next door:
Fire fighters wear special insulated 
and fire resistant protective gear
Your local Town Board decided: 
How to provide town fire protection 
How to fund it with taxes or grants 
Maybe entered an...
County : 
Provides the 911 Service to dispatch the fire 
department 
Through Emergency Government: 
Coordinates emergency ...
State Government 
Sets requirements and standards for local governments 
to provide fire protection 
Sometimes assists or ...
Federal Government 
Through Department of Homeland Security grant 
programs provide funds for local fire departments, 
inc...
Can you think of other ways your 
local government interacts with 
you and other governments?
Highways 
Law Enforcement 
Education 
Social Services 
Other
Wisconsin Local Governments 
72 Counties 
1,265 Towns 
402 Villages 
190 Cities 
426 School Districts 
16 Wisconsin Techni...
The Framework of Your Wisconsin Government 
Wisconsin Taxpayers Alliance (2005)
Organization 
of Wis. Local Government
County 
County Executive, 
County Administrator 
or Administrative 
Coordinator 
Circuit Court 
County Board
Central Administration 
County Executive 
County Administrator 
Administrative Coordinator
Elected County Officials 
Sheriff* 
District Attorney * 
Coroner* 
Register of Deeds* 
*Positions named in State Constitut...
County Board 
of Supervisors 
Supervisors serve primarily a legislative role 
The legislative function is largely limited ...
Home Rule 
Definition: the authority the state concedes to a local 
government to govern its own affairs within its own 
b...
Home Rule 
Cities and Villages: 
Permitted “to determine their local affairs and 
government, subject only to this constit...
Towns 
Town 
Meeting 
Town Board 
of Supervisors
Town Meeting 
Meeting of “Electors” 
All persons eligible to vote 
Direct Powers - Examples: 
Levy taxes 
Fix compensation...
Town Board of 
Supervisors 
3 to 5 Supervisors 
Decision Making and Administration 
Chairman: 
Presides over Board Meeting...
Typical Town Services 
Public Improvements, Road Building and Maintenance 
Regulation & Enforcement as required by state a...
Town Officials 
Clerk 
Treasurer 
Constable
Finer Point 
“Town” is a specific unit of government 
“Township” is surveyors geographic unit, typically 6 
miles by six m...
Cities and Villages 
“Incorporated” 
Extensive “Home Rule” 
Usually more concentrated population 
May annex town area(s) 
...
Cities 
Mayor 
City 
Council
Mayor 
Veto power as to all acts of the council 
except where it is expressly or by necessary implication not 
permitted 
...
City Council 
Mayor presides but only votes to break a tie 
Most elected to represent districts 
Length of terms, Staggere...
City Council 
Alderpersons serve primarily a legislative role 
The legislative function is largely limited to policy 
maki...
City Officials 
Clerk 
Treasurer 
Attorney* 
Police and Fire Chiefs 
Assessor* 
Engineer* 
Board of Public Works* 
Street ...
Villages 
Board of 
Trustees
Village Board of Trustees 
6 Trustees 
3 Trustees in villages of 350 people or less 
Elected at Large 
Village President 
...
Village Board of Trustees 
As with County Supervisors and Alderpersons, a 
Village Trustee has no power to act unilaterall...
Village Officials 
Clerk 
Treasurer 
Assessor 
Police and Fire Chiefs
Third Branch 
Cities, Villages and Towns 
Municipalities may create Municipal Courts 
Hears, Decides and Imposes Judgments...
Manager Form of Government 
City Council-Manager or Village Board-Manager Plan 
Adopted by Charter Ordinance or Public Pet...
Manager Form of Government 
Chapter 64 provides for the Council/Manager 
Plan 
Unique in that it provides for a City Manag...
Other Local Governments 
Town Sanitary Districts 
Metropolitan Sewerage District 
Lake Districts 
Drainage Districts 
Wisc...
Questions
Find Out More 
Local Government Center 
lgc.uwex.edu 
The Framework of Your Wisconsin Government 
published by The Wiscons...
Philip J. Freeburg, J.D. 
Local Government Center, 
University of Wisconsin Extension- 
Madison 
234 Lowell Hall, 610 Lang...
Role of Municipal Government
Role of Municipal Government
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Role of Municipal Government

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Summary of role and structures of Local Governments in Wisconsin

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Transcript of "Role of Municipal Government"

  1. 1. Philip J. Freeburg, J.D. Local Government Center, University of Wisconsin Extension- Madison Copyright © 2014 by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System doing business as the Division of Cooperative Extension of the University of Wisconsin-Extension. All Rights Reserved.
  2. 2. Objectives Roles and Relationship of Local Government to State and Federal Government Roles and Structures of Wisconsin Local Governments
  3. 3. We Know: Federal Government State Government Local Government
  4. 4. Federal and State Government Federal Government role: Constitution is the framework of federal powers What are these powers?
  5. 5. Federal Government Powers Defense International and Native American Relations Regulate Interstate & Foreign Commerce Postal Service and Roads Currency and Regulation of Money Federal Court System Copyrights and Patents Taxation and Borrowing Money Provide for Common Defense & General Welfare
  6. 6. State Powers Amendment 10 – US Constitution Powers of the States and People. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
  7. 7. Powers of Local Governments The US constitution does not mention County, Town, City, or other Municipal Government
  8. 8. Government Responsibility Because all other government responsibilities fall to the states, state governments create and control local governments. Local Government supply most of citizens daily services Local government is where most people see effective democracy at work
  9. 9. Relationships of Federal, State and Local Government in Action You live in a Town & your neighbor’s house is on fire. You call 911 for help. Where does help come from? The White House? Congress? Governor or the State Legislature? Your County? Your Town? The City?
  10. 10. To answer the question let’s follow the path of the Firefighters' gear to the fire next door:
  11. 11. Fire fighters wear special insulated and fire resistant protective gear
  12. 12. Your local Town Board decided: How to provide town fire protection How to fund it with taxes or grants Maybe entered an agreement with another local government to obtain or jointly provide fire protection
  13. 13. County : Provides the 911 Service to dispatch the fire department Through Emergency Government: Coordinates emergency service in the county Assisted with grants for equipment and training
  14. 14. State Government Sets requirements and standards for local governments to provide fire protection Sometimes assists or services grant funding
  15. 15. Federal Government Through Department of Homeland Security grant programs provide funds for local fire departments, including funds for fire fighter gear
  16. 16. Can you think of other ways your local government interacts with you and other governments?
  17. 17. Highways Law Enforcement Education Social Services Other
  18. 18. Wisconsin Local Governments 72 Counties 1,265 Towns 402 Villages 190 Cities 426 School Districts 16 Wisconsin Technical College Districts
  19. 19. The Framework of Your Wisconsin Government Wisconsin Taxpayers Alliance (2005)
  20. 20. Organization of Wis. Local Government
  21. 21. County County Executive, County Administrator or Administrative Coordinator Circuit Court County Board
  22. 22. Central Administration County Executive County Administrator Administrative Coordinator
  23. 23. Elected County Officials Sheriff* District Attorney * Coroner* Register of Deeds* *Positions named in State Constitution Clerk of Circuit Courts County Clerk Treasurer Surveyor
  24. 24. County Board of Supervisors Supervisors serve primarily a legislative role The legislative function is largely limited to policy making, law making, budgetary approval, and cooperative decision-making No operational control resides with individual supervisors
  25. 25. Home Rule Definition: the authority the state concedes to a local government to govern its own affairs within its own boundaries.
  26. 26. Home Rule Cities and Villages: Permitted “to determine their local affairs and government, subject only to this constitution and to such enactments of the legislature of state-wide concern as with uniformity shall affect every city or every village.” Counties: May exercise any organizational or administrative power, subject only to the constitution and to any enactment of the legislature which is of statewide concern and which uniformly affects every county. “Administrative home rule.”
  27. 27. Towns Town Meeting Town Board of Supervisors
  28. 28. Town Meeting Meeting of “Electors” All persons eligible to vote Direct Powers - Examples: Levy taxes Fix compensation for town offices. Combine certain town offices, or make some town offices part-time. Grants of Authority, Directives, Authorizations - Examples: Delegate Tax Levy Authority Exercise Village Powers Purchase or convey town real property
  29. 29. Town Board of Supervisors 3 to 5 Supervisors Decision Making and Administration Chairman: Presides over Board Meetings and Town Meetings Signs Town documents Sees to administration of Statutes Act on Authorization of Board Statute specified duties
  30. 30. Typical Town Services Public Improvements, Road Building and Maintenance Regulation & Enforcement as required by state and county Parks and Recreation Facilities Some Towns : Police Land Use Regulation “Village Powers”
  31. 31. Town Officials Clerk Treasurer Constable
  32. 32. Finer Point “Town” is a specific unit of government “Township” is surveyors geographic unit, typically 6 miles by six miles
  33. 33. Cities and Villages “Incorporated” Extensive “Home Rule” Usually more concentrated population May annex town area(s) Direct Legislation available to voters
  34. 34. Cities Mayor City Council
  35. 35. Mayor Veto power as to all acts of the council except where it is expressly or by necessary implication not permitted Chief Executive Officer Oversees state and local law is observed and enforced Provide information and recommendation action to City Council Appoint citizens to Commissions and Boards Head of police and fire departments Unless Police and Fire commission has management power
  36. 36. City Council Mayor presides but only votes to break a tie Most elected to represent districts Length of terms, Staggered terms determine by Charter Ordinance under Home Rule
  37. 37. City Council Alderpersons serve primarily a legislative role The legislative function is largely limited to policy making, law making, budgetary approval, and cooperative decision-making No operational control resides with individual Alderpersons
  38. 38. City Officials Clerk Treasurer Attorney* Police and Fire Chiefs Assessor* Engineer* Board of Public Works* Street Commissioner* *Or provide otherwise for performance of their assigned duties
  39. 39. Villages Board of Trustees
  40. 40. Village Board of Trustees 6 Trustees 3 Trustees in villages of 350 people or less Elected at Large Village President Presides over Board Meetings “Maintain Peace and Good Order” Sees that “ordinances are… obeyed”
  41. 41. Village Board of Trustees As with County Supervisors and Alderpersons, a Village Trustee has no power to act unilaterally or speak for the village other than as part of a quorum No supervisory authority rests with individual Trustees
  42. 42. Village Officials Clerk Treasurer Assessor Police and Fire Chiefs
  43. 43. Third Branch Cities, Villages and Towns Municipalities may create Municipal Courts Hears, Decides and Imposes Judgments on Ordinance Violation Cases Municipal Judge(s) elected Judges supervised by Supreme Court
  44. 44. Manager Form of Government City Council-Manager or Village Board-Manager Plan Adopted by Charter Ordinance or Public Petition and Referendum Appoint a manager who then is: the chief executive officer of the city [or village] The head of the city [or village] administration 19 Cities and Villages have Managers Form of Government
  45. 45. Manager Form of Government Chapter 64 provides for the Council/Manager Plan Unique in that it provides for a City Manager to be the CEO and does not provide for a Mayor 11 Wisconsin Cities use this form
  46. 46. Other Local Governments Town Sanitary Districts Metropolitan Sewerage District Lake Districts Drainage Districts Wisconsin Technical College Districts School District
  47. 47. Questions
  48. 48. Find Out More Local Government Center lgc.uwex.edu The Framework of Your Wisconsin Government published by The Wisconsin Taxpayer Alliance The Changing World of Wisconsin Local Government by Susan C. Paddock in 97-98 Wisconsin Blue Book Officials Handbooks from Wis. Towns Association, Wis. Counties Association and League of Wis. Municipalities
  49. 49. Philip J. Freeburg, J.D. Local Government Center, University of Wisconsin Extension- Madison 234 Lowell Hall, 610 Langdon Street Madison, WI 53703 (608) 265-6273
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