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Vedanta-lanjigarh case
 

Vedanta-lanjigarh case

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    Vedanta-lanjigarh case Vedanta-lanjigarh case Presentation Transcript

    • VEDANTA LANJIGARH- A STEP FORWARD OR A STEP BACKWARD PRESENTED BY: 1. MEENAKSHI KUMAR 2. NITIN GERA 3. NIKHIL NIRANJAN 4. PIYUSH DWIVEDI 5. PIYUSH KUMAR SINGH 6. PRASANJEET ROUT
    •  Vedanta Alumina signed the joint venture agreement with the OMC in 2003 for developing bauxite mines at the Niyamgiri hill near Lanjigarh for use in its one-million-tonne alumina refinery being set up at a cost of Rs.4,000 crores.  The plant got in production by taking all clearances in 2005.  The state opposition alleges that the company was yet to obtain forest clearance for its project as per the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980. This is supported by CEC report.  Environmental clearances revoked by MOEF and the case is under jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India.  Vedanta is planning to shut down the plant in absence of bauxite mines. CASE- INTODUCTION
    •  Vedanta Resources plc is listed on the London Stock Exchange, and continues to be a part of the FTSE 100 Index. It is a globally diversified natural resources group with wide-ranging interests in aluminium, copper, zinc, lead, silver, iron ore, oil and gas and power in countries like australia, south aftrica, zambia, india etc.  VAL is based in eastern India and operates a 1mtpa alumina refinery at Lanjigarh. At Jharsuguda, VAL operates 500ktpa aluminium smelter and an associated 1,215MW captive power plant. VAL also has a 1.25mtpa aluminium smelter project at Jharsuguda. VEDANTA- AN INTODUCTION
    • Environmental issues:  Impact on water regime  Disposal of Toxic effluents  Impact on wildlife Environmental acts violated:  Forest Rights Act 2006  Violation of Forest Conservation Act  Violation of Environment Protection Act Environmental perspective
    •  The supreme court of india in 2007 stated that “If M/s. SIIL is agreeable to the a fore stated Rehabilitation Package then they shall be at liberty to move this Court by initiating a proper application. This Court is not against the Project in principle. It only seeks safeguards by which we are able to protect nature and sub serve” development. This in accordance with The Indian Forest Act, 1927 and The Companies Act, 1956.  As per the CEC report The Supreme Court of India instructed Vedanta Aluminium Limited to stop its expansion on the ground that it has not fulfilled the environmental clearances in 2011. This is in accordance of violation of Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 Court Verdict
    •  As per OMC agreement with Vedanta was limited only to mining at Niyamagiri hills, which is sub-judice currently. Regarding supply of bauxite from other sources, it is the look out of the government and Vedanta. It is unable to supply the bauxite as there is no other mines available for mining.  VAL pointed out that the MoU included supply of additional bauxite apart from that lying in the Niyamgiri mines. So it was incumbent on the state to arrange the material from other sources. However, the state has not made any attempt in this regard though it possessed more than half of the country’s bauxite reserves. Government perspective
    •  Vedanta set up one-million-tonne alumina refinery at a cost of Rs.4,000 crores near Lanjigarh as per the MoU signed by Vedanta and state government. Nearly 7000 people are employed in this project.  In this project 121 families were physically displaced. These have all been resettled in the Niyamgiri Vedanta Nagar Resettlement Colony, with 76 family members being employed with the company as permanent employees.  Vedanta is involved in various CSR activities in nearby villages of Lanjigarh Vedanta perspective
    • 1. POLICY PARALYSIS 2. SETBACK TO FDI e.g. ARCELOR MITTAL AND POSCO (A KOREAN COMPANY) PROJECT SLOWDOWN. 3. WASTAGE OF RESOURCES. Global Perspective
    •  Union Minister for Environment and Forests and Secretary of MoEF, must be held accountable for this travesty of environmental clearance mechanisms of India. The environmental clearance methods must be more vigilant.  Government should suggest some remedy to Vedanta Aluminium Limited for it’s project by supplying an alternate bauxite mining area.  Policy paralysis to be stopped to increase FDI’s. Conclusion