BLACK SEA AEGEANSEA MARMARA SEA MEDITERRANEAN SEA Turkey is a peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea in the North, the Mediterranean in the South, the internal Marmara Sea in the Northwest, and the AegeanSeain the West. Turkey’s marine coasts add up to 8333 kilometers. Marmara Sea is an inlandseaandtheonlywaytogettotheMediterraneanSeaforBlackSeacountries.
BLACK SEA MEDITERRANEAN AEGEAN MARMARA .The seas of Turkey are very different from each other in terms of their physical structure and other characteristics
Due to these structural differences, the fish living in the Seas of Turkey show a lot of variation.
Fish holds an important place in Turkish cuisine. Fish is caught and consumed abundantly in Turkey. Fish and seafood have been enjoyed since the Ottoman Period and plain methods are generally preferred for preparing fish dishes in Turkey. Frying or steaming the fish is generally sufficient to bring out the taste.
Black Sea lies to the north of Turkey, bordering with two regions; Marmara and Black Sea. Besides Turkey, other countries that circle the Black Sea are; Bulgaria, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, and Georgia. It's connected to the Sea of Marmara with the Bosphorus Strait in the southwest. Some of the important ports on the Black Sea are; Istanbul, Trabzon, Samsun, Sinop, Burgas, Varna, Constanza, Yalta, Odessa, Sevastopol, Kerch, Novorossiysk, Sochi, Sukhumi, Poti, and Batumi.
The Black Sea is an inland sea bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is connected to the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas and various straits. The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the strait of the Dardanelles connects it to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean.
Below 200 meters the oxygen level in the water is very low so marine life is very limited below this depth. Most known fishesin the Black Sea are; Black Sea turbot(kalkan), gurnard(kırlangıç), and small sharks. Its waters are warm in the summer, very cold in the winter. The most important rivers flowing into the Black Sea are Danube from north east, Kizilirmak, Sakarya and Yesilirmak from Anatolia in the south. Black Sea is one of the youngest seas on the Earth, its used to be a big fresh water lake some 8000 years ago. The name is probably derived from the color of its deep waters.
TYPICAL HOUSES FROM BLACK SEA REGION with their special instruments
SEA OF MARMARA
BLACK SEA AEGEAN Sea of Marmarais an inland sea within the Marmara region connecting to the Black Sea with the Bosphorus Strait in the northeast, and to the Aegean with the Dardanelles Strait in the southwest. It lies between Thrace and Anatolia parts of Turkey, covering an area of over 11thousand square kilometers.
There are many marble sources on its islands which gave its name to the Sea. Some of the main islands in the Sea of Marmara are; Avsa, Marmara, Imrali, and Princes Islands near Istanbul.
THE PRINCESS ISLANDS Theyaretheislands in thesea of Marmara. Therearen’tanycars on theseislands.
The Princess' Islands are a chain of nine islands off the coast of Istanbul, in the Sea of Marmara. They consist of four larger islands; 1.Büyükada (meaning “Large Island”), 2.Heybeliada (meaning "Saddlebag Island"), 3.Burgazada (the name of a mythological figure) 4.Kınalıada(meaning "Henna Island,being the closest island to Istanbul)
During the summer months the Princes’ Islands are popular destinations for day trips from Istanbul. As there is no traffic on the Islands, the only transport being horse and cart, they are incredibly peaceful compared with the city of Istanbul. They are just a short ferry ride from both the Asian and European sides of Istanbul.
Aegean Sea is a part of Mediterranean Sealying between Turkey and Greece. There is Mediterranean Sea to the south, Greek Peninsula to the west, Anatolia and part of Thraceto the east. It's connected to the Sea of Marmara by Dardanelles Strait to the northeast.
Aegean Sea gave its name to the Aegean region and shows a typical Mediterranean climate characteristics; summers are dry and winters are rainy but not much cold. The water temperature during summer months reaches 23-24 degrees celsius, and usually northern part of the Sea is a little bit cooler than its southern part. In contrary, northern part is abundant about the fish than its southern part.
There were many ancient civilizations who settled on its shores in the past, such as Minoans, Mycenaean, Trojans, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Ottomans and so on.
There are approximately 3000 big and small islands in the Aegean Sea, most of them belong to Greece today. Turkey has very few small islands and only two mid-size islands in front of the Dardanelles; Bozcaada and Gokceada. Because of this high concentration of islands and rockies, there are also many gulfs and bays in the Aegean which attracts many people for sailing in this crystal clear waters.
Mediterranean Sea is surrounded by Asia to the east, Europe to the north and Africa to the south. It's connected to the Atlantic Ocean to the west with Gibraltar Strait. It's also connected to the Red Sea in the southeast with the Suez Canal in Egypt. It'sconnected to the Sea of Marmara by Dardanelles Strait. Aegean and Marmara Seas are often considered as a part of the Mediterranean Sea. The sea gave also its name to the Mediterranean region of Turkey.
Itsshores were home to many ancient civilizations in the history, such as Phoenicians, Egyptians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Lycians, Arabs, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Ottomans. The name comes from Latin; Medi means middle, Terra means land or place. In Turkish it's called Akdeniz, White Sea.
In Europe, from west to east; Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Albania, Greece, and European shores of Turkey In Asia, from north to south; Asian shores of Turkey, Syria, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, and Egypt. In Africa, from east to west; Egypt, Libya, Tunis, Algeria, and Morocco. Biggest islands in the Mediterranean are; Cyprus, Crete, Rhodes, Lesbos, Chios, Corfu in the eastern Mediterranean; Sardegna, Corsica, Sicily, Malta in the central Mediterranean; Ibiza, Majorca, Minorca in the western Mediterranean.
Cyprus is a Eurasian island country in the Eastern Mediterranean, south of Turkey and west of Syria and Lebanon. It is the thirdlargest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of its most popular tourist destinations.