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  • 1. Cellular Structure and Function Biology I Factoids
  • 2. Factoid #41
    • Prokaryotic cells have no nucleus and include bacteria.
  • 3. Factoid #42
    • Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus.
  • 4. Factoid #43
    • The nucleus controls the cells activities and is where the DNA is located.
  • 5. Factoid #44
    • The endoplasmic reticulum transports substances throughout the cell.
  • 6. Factoid #45
    • Rough ER has ribosomes attached to it and smooth ER doesn’t have ribosomes attached.
  • 7. Factoid #46
    • The Golgi apparatus is the packaging center of the cell and looks like a stack of sacks.
  • 8. Factoid #47
    • The vacuole stores substances. It is LARGE in plants, but tiny or non-existent in animals.
  • 9. Factoid #48
    • The mitochondria is the site of cellular respiration and is called the powerhouse of the cell.
  • 10. Factoid #49
    • Chloroplasts are the site of photosynthesis and converts water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high energy sugars.
  • 11. Factoid #50
    • The nucleolus is the dark spot inside the nucleus that makes ribosomes.
  • 12. Factoid #51
    • The cell membrane is made up of phosopholipids and separates the inside of the cell from the outside of the cell.
  • 13. Factoid 52
    • The cell wall is made up of carbohydrates and only found in producer cells.
  • 14. Factoid 53
    • The cytoplasm is the jelly-like interior of the cell where the organelles are found.
  • 15. Factoid 54
    • Ribosomes make proteins.
  • 16. Factoid 55
    • The cytoskeleton is a network of thin protein fibers that help the cell keep its shape and helps the cell move.
  • 17. Factoid 56
    • Plant cells have large vacuoles, chloroplasts, and cell walls, but animal cells do not.
  • 18. Factoid 57
    • Animal cells have lysosomes, centrioles and small vacuoles, but plant cells do not.
  • 19. Factoid 58
    • A group of cells working together for a common purpose is called a tissue.
  • 20. Factoid 59
    • The four tissue types are epithelial, muscular, connective, and nervous.
  • 21. Factoid 60
    • A group of tissues working together for a common purpose is called an organ.
  • 22. Factoid 61
    • The heart, brain, lungs, and stomach are all examples of organs.
  • 23. Factoid 62
    • A group of organs that work together for a common goal is called an organ system.
  • 24. Factoid 63
    • The 11 body systems are:
    • Muscular, skeletal, digestive, respiratory, nervous, excretory, endocrine, reproductive, integumentary system, lymphatic system, and the cardiovascular system.
  • 25. Factoid 64
    • A group of organs systems that work together is called an organism.