Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Section 4 - Biochemistry
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Section 4 - Biochemistry

1,154

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,154
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Biochemistry Biology I Factoids
  • 2. Factoid #24 <ul><li>Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds produced by living things. </li></ul>
  • 3. Factoid #25 <ul><li>All organic molecules contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. </li></ul>
  • 4. Factoid #26 <ul><li>Polymers are organic macromolecules made up of monomers. </li></ul>
  • 5. Factoid #27 <ul><li>The 4 macromolecules in organic chemistry are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. </li></ul>
  • 6. Factoid #28 <ul><li>Carbohydrates are made of monosaccharides. </li></ul>
  • 7. Factoid #29 <ul><li>Carbohydrates include sugars (ends in –ose), starch (in plants), glycogen (in animals), and chitin (in fungus and insects). </li></ul>
  • 8. Factoid #30 <ul><li>Lipids are made up of glycerol and fatty acids. </li></ul>
  • 9. Factoid #31 <ul><li>Lipids include all oils, waxes, steroids, and fats. </li></ul>
  • 10. Factoid #32 <ul><li>Proteins are made up of amino acids. </li></ul>
  • 11. Factoid #33 <ul><li>Nucleic acids are made up of nucleotides. </li></ul>
  • 12. Factoid #34 <ul><li>Nucleic acids include DNA and RNA. </li></ul>
  • 13. Factoid #35 <ul><li>Enzymes are proteins that lower the activation energy and speed up chemical reactions. </li></ul>
  • 14. Factoid #36 <ul><li>The substance the enzyme works on is called the substrate. </li></ul>
  • 15. Factoid #37 <ul><li>Most enzymes end with –ase such as polymerase or catalase. </li></ul>
  • 16. Factoid #38 <ul><li>When catalase breaks down hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide is the substrate of the reaction. </li></ul>
  • 17. Factoid #39 <ul><li>The spot on the enzyme where the substrate binds is called the active site. </li></ul>
  • 18. Factoid #40 <ul><li>Both pH and temperature will change the shape of the active site and the enzyme won’t work – this is called “denaturing” the enzyme. </li></ul>

×