Biochemistry Biology I Factoids
Factoid #24 <ul><li>Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds produced by living things. </li></ul>
Factoid #25 <ul><li>All organic molecules contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.  </li></ul>
Factoid #26 <ul><li>Polymers are organic macromolecules made up of monomers. </li></ul>
Factoid #27 <ul><li>The 4 macromolecules in organic chemistry are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. </li...
Factoid #28 <ul><li>Carbohydrates are made of monosaccharides. </li></ul>
Factoid #29 <ul><li>Carbohydrates include sugars (ends in  –ose), starch (in plants), glycogen (in animals), and chitin (i...
Factoid #30 <ul><li>Lipids are made up of glycerol and fatty acids. </li></ul>
Factoid #31 <ul><li>Lipids include all oils, waxes, steroids, and fats. </li></ul>
Factoid #32 <ul><li>Proteins are made up of amino acids. </li></ul>
Factoid #33 <ul><li>Nucleic acids are made up of nucleotides. </li></ul>
Factoid #34 <ul><li>Nucleic acids include DNA and RNA. </li></ul>
Factoid #35 <ul><li>Enzymes are proteins that lower the activation energy and speed up chemical reactions.  </li></ul>
Factoid #36 <ul><li>The substance the enzyme works on is called the substrate. </li></ul>
Factoid #37 <ul><li>Most enzymes end with –ase such as polymerase or catalase.  </li></ul>
Factoid #38 <ul><li>When catalase breaks down hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide is the substrate of the reaction.  </li...
Factoid #39 <ul><li>The spot on the enzyme where the substrate binds is called the active site.  </li></ul>
Factoid #40 <ul><li>Both pH and temperature will change the shape of the active site and the enzyme won’t work – this is c...
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Section 4 - Biochemistry

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Section 4 - Biochemistry

  1. 1. Biochemistry Biology I Factoids
  2. 2. Factoid #24 <ul><li>Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds produced by living things. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factoid #25 <ul><li>All organic molecules contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Factoid #26 <ul><li>Polymers are organic macromolecules made up of monomers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Factoid #27 <ul><li>The 4 macromolecules in organic chemistry are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Factoid #28 <ul><li>Carbohydrates are made of monosaccharides. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Factoid #29 <ul><li>Carbohydrates include sugars (ends in –ose), starch (in plants), glycogen (in animals), and chitin (in fungus and insects). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Factoid #30 <ul><li>Lipids are made up of glycerol and fatty acids. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Factoid #31 <ul><li>Lipids include all oils, waxes, steroids, and fats. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Factoid #32 <ul><li>Proteins are made up of amino acids. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Factoid #33 <ul><li>Nucleic acids are made up of nucleotides. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Factoid #34 <ul><li>Nucleic acids include DNA and RNA. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Factoid #35 <ul><li>Enzymes are proteins that lower the activation energy and speed up chemical reactions. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Factoid #36 <ul><li>The substance the enzyme works on is called the substrate. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Factoid #37 <ul><li>Most enzymes end with –ase such as polymerase or catalase. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Factoid #38 <ul><li>When catalase breaks down hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide is the substrate of the reaction. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Factoid #39 <ul><li>The spot on the enzyme where the substrate binds is called the active site. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Factoid #40 <ul><li>Both pH and temperature will change the shape of the active site and the enzyme won’t work – this is called “denaturing” the enzyme. </li></ul>
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