Chapter 35

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Chapter 35

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 35
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>All of the following are similarities between reptile and mammal reproduction except: </li></ul><ul><li>A. they both exhibit internal fertilization </li></ul><ul><li>B. the eggs are surrounded by a membrane filled with water </li></ul><ul><li>C. the embryo of the reptile develops inside the female </li></ul><ul><li>D. the embryo has a specialized place to get nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>E. the embryo has a specialized place to store waste </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>Which of the following is not an advantage of asexual reproduction? </li></ul><ul><li>A. it can occur rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>B. there is an increase in genetic diversity in the offspring </li></ul><ul><li>C. it uses less energy than sexual reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>D. it only takes one parent to reproduce </li></ul><ul><li>E. generation time is much shorter </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Sexual reproduction increases genetic diversity in a population. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following is true about amphibian reproduction? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the embryos develop within the female </li></ul><ul><li>B. internal fertilization is common </li></ul><ul><li>C. the eggs have a hard shell </li></ul><ul><li>D. there is usually a larval stage </li></ul><ul><li>E. the eggs develop within a placental sac </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Trace the path of sperm through the female reproductive tract: </li></ul><ul><li>A. vagina, uterus, oviduct, cervix </li></ul><ul><li>B. urethra, vagina, oviduct, cervix </li></ul><ul><li>C. vagina, cervix, uterus, oviduct </li></ul><ul><li>D. urethra, uterus, cervix, oviduct </li></ul><ul><li>E. cervix, oviduct, vagina, uterus </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Pregnancy occurs when: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the sperm and egg combine </li></ul><ul><li>B. the fertilized egg implants in the ovary </li></ul><ul><li>C. the developing embryo implants itself in the endometrial lining </li></ul><ul><li>D. sperm are in the vagina </li></ul><ul><li>E. sperm are in the uterus </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>Which of the following causes &quot;fever blisters&quot; or &quot;cold sores&quot; around the mouth? </li></ul><ul><li>A. human papillomavirus </li></ul><ul><li>B. herpes </li></ul><ul><li>C. chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>D. syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>E. gonorrhea </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>If you were studying the place where sperm mature you would be studying which of the following structures? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the seminal vesicles </li></ul><ul><li>B. the vas deferens </li></ul><ul><li>C. the testis </li></ul><ul><li>D. the ejaculatory duct </li></ul><ul><li>E. the epididymis </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>Semen production does not involve the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. testis </li></ul><ul><li>B. prostate gland </li></ul><ul><li>C. seminal vesicle </li></ul><ul><li>D. Graafian follicle </li></ul><ul><li>E. bulbourethral gland </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>Trace the path of sperm during ejaculation: </li></ul><ul><li>A. urethra, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, testis </li></ul><ul><li>B. testis, urethra, vas deferens, penis </li></ul><ul><li>C. seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferens, urethra </li></ul><ul><li>D. seminiferous tubules, vas deferens, epididymis, urethra </li></ul><ul><li>E. vas deferens, seminiferous tubules, epididymis, urethra </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>A biologist is studying the specialized place in the male reproductive system where sperm are produced. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. interstitial tissue </li></ul><ul><li>B. seminiferous tubules </li></ul><ul><li>C. urethra </li></ul><ul><li>D. vas deferens </li></ul><ul><li>E. seminal vesicle </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>In the human male, the tube used to carry both sperm and urine is the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. ureter </li></ul><ul><li>B. seminiferous tubules </li></ul><ul><li>C. vas deferens </li></ul><ul><li>D. urethra </li></ul><ul><li>E. fallopian tube </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>Ultimate control of the testis is the ____________ which secretes __________. </li></ul><ul><li>A. anterior pituitary; GnRH </li></ul><ul><li>B. anterior pituitary; testosterone </li></ul><ul><li>C. anterior pituitary; ICSH </li></ul><ul><li>D. hypothalamus; GnRH </li></ul><ul><li>E. hypothalamus; testosterone </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>If you were studying the secondary sexual characteristics in males you would be studying which of the following hormones? </li></ul><ul><li>A. testosterone </li></ul><ul><li>B. estrogen </li></ul><ul><li>C. FSH </li></ul><ul><li>D. TSH </li></ul><ul><li>E. progesterone </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>The clitoris in the female is homologous to the ________ in the male. </li></ul><ul><li>A. testis </li></ul><ul><li>B. vas deferens </li></ul><ul><li>C. penis </li></ul><ul><li>D. scrotum </li></ul><ul><li>E. prostate gland </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>Fertilization in humans normally occurs in the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. uterus </li></ul><ul><li>B. vagina </li></ul><ul><li>C. ovary </li></ul><ul><li>D. ovarian follicle </li></ul><ul><li>E. oviducts </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>The egg is propelled down the oviduct by: </li></ul><ul><li>A. cilia on the layer of cells surrounding the egg </li></ul><ul><li>B. simply drifting on the prevailing currents of body fluids </li></ul><ul><li>C. cilia which line the oviduct </li></ul><ul><li>D. suction from uterine contractions </li></ul><ul><li>E. flagella which are found on the cells which surround the egg </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>The lining of the uterus that is discharged during the menstrual phase is the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. corpus luteum </li></ul><ul><li>B. oviduct </li></ul><ul><li>C. endometrium </li></ul><ul><li>D. Graafian follicle </li></ul><ul><li>E. cervix </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>If you were studying days 6-13 of the 28 uterine cycle you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the menstrual phase </li></ul><ul><li>B. the proliferative phase </li></ul><ul><li>C. the ovulation phase </li></ul><ul><li>D. the secretory phase </li></ul><ul><li>E. the fertilization phase </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>Menstruation begins because: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the pituitary triggers it </li></ul><ul><li>B. LH activity is at its peak </li></ul><ul><li>C. estrogen activity is at its peak </li></ul><ul><li>D. progesterone production is highest </li></ul><ul><li>E. progesterone and estrogen levels are both declining </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 35 <ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul>

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