Chapter 33

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Chapter 33

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 33
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Why don't marine invertebrates such as sea anemones and sea stars have to deal with osmoregulation? </li></ul><ul><li>A. they are too small </li></ul><ul><li>B. they have no skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>C. their blood is isotonic to sea water </li></ul><ul><li>D. they have no blood </li></ul><ul><li>E. they have no cardiovascular system </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>If you were studying organisms whose blood plasma is hypotonic to sea water you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. fish </li></ul><ul><li>B. sea anemones </li></ul><ul><li>C. crabs </li></ul><ul><li>D. sea stars </li></ul><ul><li>E. squids </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Which of the following organisms have specialized salt glands that pump salt out of their bodies? </li></ul><ul><li>A. bony fish </li></ul><ul><li>B. sea stars </li></ul><ul><li>C. sea anemones </li></ul><ul><li>D. sharks </li></ul><ul><li>E. sea birds </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>Ammonia, urea, and uric acid come from ____________ which are removed from amino acids and nucleic acids. </li></ul><ul><li>A. urea groups </li></ul><ul><li>B. amino groups </li></ul><ul><li>C. ammonia groups </li></ul><ul><li>D. protein groups </li></ul><ul><li>E. uric acid groups </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>A biologist is studying organisms which excrete ammonia. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. birds </li></ul><ul><li>B. mammals </li></ul><ul><li>C. sharks </li></ul><ul><li>D. bony fish </li></ul><ul><li>E. reptiles </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following organisms excretes urea? </li></ul><ul><li>A. bony fish </li></ul><ul><li>B. mammals </li></ul><ul><li>C. insects </li></ul><ul><li>D. reptiles </li></ul><ul><li>E. birds </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>If you were studying animals which produce uric acid you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. birds </li></ul><ul><li>B. sharks </li></ul><ul><li>C. adult amphibians </li></ul><ul><li>D. bony fish </li></ul><ul><li>E. mammals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>Which of the following waste products take the most energy to produce? </li></ul><ul><li>A. ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>B. carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>C. uric acid </li></ul><ul><li>D. urea </li></ul><ul><li>E. water </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>If you were studying organisms which have flame cells you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. earthworms </li></ul><ul><li>B. fish </li></ul><ul><li>C. insects </li></ul><ul><li>D. sharks </li></ul><ul><li>E. planarians </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>In the segmented body of an annelid, there are paired excretory structures called: </li></ul><ul><li>A. flame cells </li></ul><ul><li>B. kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>C. malpighian tubules </li></ul><ul><li>D. nephridia </li></ul><ul><li>E. nephrons </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>A biologist is studying the excretory system of insects. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. flame cells </li></ul><ul><li>B. kidneys </li></ul><ul><li>C. malpighian tubules </li></ul><ul><li>D. nephridia </li></ul><ul><li>E. nephrons </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>Why is the blood of cartilaginous fish nearly isotonic to sea water? </li></ul><ul><li>A. it contains lots of carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>B. it contains lots of urea </li></ul><ul><li>C. it contains lots of ammonia </li></ul><ul><li>D. it contains lots of amino acids </li></ul><ul><li>E. it contains lots of uric acid </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>Which of the following organisms needs to constantly drink to prevent from becoming dehydrated? </li></ul><ul><li>A. marine bony fish </li></ul><ul><li>B. sharks </li></ul><ul><li>C. desert mammals </li></ul><ul><li>D. freshwater fish </li></ul><ul><li>E. sea birds </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Because of their tendency to constantly gain water by osmosis across their gills and body structures, which of the following organisms never need to drink? </li></ul><ul><li>A. sharks </li></ul><ul><li>B. clams </li></ul><ul><li>C. freshwater fish </li></ul><ul><li>D. sea anemones </li></ul><ul><li>E. marine bony fish </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>Which of the following organisms obtain their water through cellular respiration and never needs to drink water? </li></ul><ul><li>A. reptiles </li></ul><ul><li>B. marine amphibians </li></ul><ul><li>C. marine mammals </li></ul><ul><li>D. kangaroo rats </li></ul><ul><li>E. birds </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>A biologist is studying organisms which have specialized glands to pump excess salt out of their bodies. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she could be studying all of the following organisms except: </li></ul><ul><li>A. marine mammals </li></ul><ul><li>B. desert mammals </li></ul><ul><li>C. marine reptiles </li></ul><ul><li>D. marine birds </li></ul><ul><li>E. all have salt-excreting glands </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>The kidneys are where urine is stored until it is voided from the body. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>The outer portion of the kidney is referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the renal medulla </li></ul><ul><li>B. the renal nephron </li></ul><ul><li>C. the renal pelvis </li></ul><ul><li>D. the renal cortex </li></ul><ul><li>E. the renal collecting duct </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>Which is the correct order by which urine leaves the body? </li></ul><ul><li>A. kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra </li></ul><ul><li>B. kidney, urethra, urinary bladder, ureter </li></ul><ul><li>C. kidney, urinary bladder, ureter, urethra </li></ul><ul><li>D. kidney, urethra, ureter, urinary bladder </li></ul><ul><li>E. kidney, ureter, urethra, urinary bladder </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>If you were studying the tube which connects the kidneys and the urinary bladder you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the urethra </li></ul><ul><li>B. the renal tubule </li></ul><ul><li>C. the distal convoluted tubule </li></ul><ul><li>D. the proximal convoluted tubule </li></ul><ul><li>E. the ureter </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 33 <ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul>

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