Chapter 18


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Fungi and Plants

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Chapter 18

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 18
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Why do some plants feed on insects and other small animals? </li></ul><ul><li>A. to obtain glucose </li></ul><ul><li>B. to obtain water </li></ul><ul><li>C. to obtain carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>D. to obtain nitrogen </li></ul><ul><li>E. to obtain oxygen </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>Which of the following is not an example of a carnivorous plant? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the venus flytrap </li></ul><ul><li>B. the sundew plant </li></ul><ul><li>C. the horsetail </li></ul><ul><li>D. the yellow trumpet plant </li></ul><ul><li>E. the bladderworts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Which of the following is not evidence which supports the theory that plants evolved from green algae? </li></ul><ul><li>A. they both contain chlorophyll a </li></ul><ul><li>B. they both contain vascular tissue </li></ul><ul><li>C. they both store carbohydrates as starch </li></ul><ul><li>D. they both have cellulose in their cell walls </li></ul><ul><li>E. they both contain chlorophyll b </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>If you were studying the last of the four major innovations plants experienced during their evolutionary history, you would be studying: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the development of seeds </li></ul><ul><li>B. the development of roots </li></ul><ul><li>C. the development of flowers </li></ul><ul><li>D. the development of embryonic protection </li></ul><ul><li>E. the development of vascular tissue </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Which of the following characteristics is shared by the most different types of plants? </li></ul><ul><li>A. embryo protection </li></ul><ul><li>B. the production of seeds </li></ul><ul><li>C. vascular tissue </li></ul><ul><li>D. flowers </li></ul><ul><li>E. cones </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following statements is false about the sporophyte? </li></ul><ul><li>A. it produces spores </li></ul><ul><li>B. it is diploid </li></ul><ul><li>C. it is dominant in angiosperms </li></ul><ul><li>D. it is dominant in gymnosperms </li></ul><ul><li>E. it is dominant in mosses </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>Which of the following statements is false about the gametophyte? </li></ul><ul><li>A. it is dominant in mosses </li></ul><ul><li>B. it produces gametes </li></ul><ul><li>C. egg and sperm are produced through meiosis </li></ul><ul><li>D. it is haploid </li></ul><ul><li>E. in angiosperms it is less dominant when compared to the sporophyte </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is a major trait which allowed plants to move onto and adapt to dry land? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the development spores </li></ul><ul><li>B. sporophyte dominance </li></ul><ul><li>C. the development of a protected embryo </li></ul><ul><li>D. gametophyte dominance </li></ul><ul><li>E. the development of the flower </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>Which of the following features is not an adaptation that plants had to make to move onto dry land? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the development of vascular tissue </li></ul><ul><li>B. the development of a mechanism to prevent from drying out </li></ul><ul><li>C. the sporophyte became dominant </li></ul><ul><li>D. the gametophyte became dominant </li></ul><ul><li>E. the development of stomata to exchange gases </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>You are a plant physiologist who is studying the alternation of generations in ferns. Based on your studies you have determined that: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the sporophyte and gametophyte generations are equal </li></ul><ul><li>B. the haploid gametophyte is dominant </li></ul><ul><li>C. the diploid gametophyte is dominant </li></ul><ul><li>D. the haploid sporophyte is dominant </li></ul><ul><li>E. the diploid sporophyte is dominant </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>In a fern, the spores are produced through the process of mitosis. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>Sphagnum is a type of ________ that has nonliving cells that can absorb moisture and can be used in gardening. </li></ul><ul><li>A. algae </li></ul><ul><li>B. gymnosperm </li></ul><ul><li>C. moss </li></ul><ul><li>D. angiosperm </li></ul><ul><li>E. fern </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>In the moss life cycle, the ______ generation is dominant. </li></ul><ul><li>A. haploid gametophyte </li></ul><ul><li>B. diploid gametophyte </li></ul><ul><li>C. haploid sporophyte </li></ul><ul><li>D. diploid sporophyte </li></ul><ul><li>E. triploid sporophyte </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Fertilization in the mosses is dependent upon: </li></ul><ul><li>A. butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>B. mammals </li></ul><ul><li>C. water </li></ul><ul><li>D. wind </li></ul><ul><li>E. bees </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>If you were studying the female portion of the moss gametophyte you would be studying: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the archegonium </li></ul><ul><li>B. the sporangium </li></ul><ul><li>C. the rhizoids </li></ul><ul><li>D. the antheridium </li></ul><ul><li>E. the stalk </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>A plant physiologist is studying the portion of the moss gametophyte which produces flagellated sperm. Based on this information you could conclude that he or she is studying: </li></ul><ul><li>A. the archegonium </li></ul><ul><li>B. the sporangium </li></ul><ul><li>C. the rhizoids </li></ul><ul><li>D. the antheridium </li></ul><ul><li>E. the stalk </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>Which of the following is a nonvascular plant? </li></ul><ul><li>A. ferns </li></ul><ul><li>B. pine trees </li></ul><ul><li>C. mosses </li></ul><ul><li>D. oak trees </li></ul><ul><li>E. grasses </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>Compared to the moss, the fern is better adapted to life on land because the fern: </li></ul><ul><li>A. produces seeds, but mosses do not </li></ul><ul><li>B. does not have swimming sperm, but mosses do </li></ul><ul><li>C. does not have a gametophyte generation, but ferns do </li></ul><ul><li>D. has vascular tissue, but mosses do not </li></ul><ul><li>E. does not have a sporophyte generation, but ferns do </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>Which statement is not true about ferns? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the gametophyte stage lacks vascular tissue </li></ul><ul><li>B. the sporophyte stage lacks vascular tissue </li></ul><ul><li>C. antheridia and archegonia grow on the same structure </li></ul><ul><li>D. fertilization requires moisture for the sperm to swim to the egg </li></ul><ul><li>E. the sporophyte stage is the dominate generation </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>Which of these statements is not true about fertilization in a fern plant? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the egg is produced in the archegonium </li></ul><ul><li>B. the sperm is produced in the antheridium </li></ul><ul><li>C. the sperm is carried by the wind to the egg </li></ul><ul><li>D. the eggs and the sperm are produced on the same structure </li></ul><ul><li>E. eggs and sperm are produced by the gametophyte generation </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 18 <ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul>