Wardlaw’s Contemporary Nutrition, Seventh Edition Copyright  ©  The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for re...
Question 1 <ul><li>Water constitutes ______ percent of body weight.  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  10–20 </li></ul><ul><li>B.  25–...
Question 2 <ul><li>The amount of water in each compartment mainly is controlled by  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  oxygen concentra...
Question 3 <ul><li>Intracellular water volume depends primarily on the concentration of  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  sodium and ...
Question 4 <ul><li>The two most significant extracellular ions are  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  sodium and chloride. </li></ul><...
Question 5 <ul><li>Water regulates body temperature through heat loss via  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  conduction. </li></ul><ul...
Question 6 <ul><li>A liter of perspiration lost by the body represents ____ kcalories.  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  200 </li></u...
Question 7 <ul><li>The body’s need for water is approximately ____ milliliter(s) per kcalorie.  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  3 </...
Question 8 <ul><li>Adult women need how much total water intake per day?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  1.5 liters </li></ul><ul><...
Question 9 <ul><li>Joe is a wrestler and during his workouts he loses 2 pounds. How much water would he have to drink to r...
Question 10 <ul><li>Which of the following is not true about the regulation of fluid in the body?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  T...
Question 11 <ul><li>Adult men need how much total water intake per day?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  2.0 liters </li></ul><ul><l...
Question 12 <ul><li>Minerals are classified in which way?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Major minerals are needed in amounts of 5...
Question 13 <ul><li>Which of the following statements does not describe the role of minerals in the body?  </li></ul><ul><...
Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following is true about mineral bioavailability?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Minerals from pla...
Question 15 <ul><li>The typical American diet contains approximately ___ mgs of sodium.  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  700 to 1,20...
Question 16 <ul><li>Of the following foods, which one is lowest in sodium?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Pepperoni pizza </li></u...
Question 17 <ul><li>All foods in their unprocessed form tend to be low in sodium except  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  milk and da...
Question 18 <ul><li>Consumption of a diet high in salt by a healthy individual will  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  cause damage to...
Question 19 <ul><li>Which of the following would have the most sodium?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Applesauce in a jar </li></u...
Question 20 <ul><li>Potassium performs all the following functions except which one?  </li></ul><ul><li>A.  It maintains t...
Answer Key – Chapter 9 <ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul...
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Chapter 09 Review Questions

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Chapter 09 Review Questions

  1. 1. Wardlaw’s Contemporary Nutrition, Seventh Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Gordon M. Wardlaw Anne M. Smith Chapter 9
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Water constitutes ______ percent of body weight. </li></ul><ul><li>A. 10–20 </li></ul><ul><li>B. 25–45 </li></ul><ul><li>C. 50–70 </li></ul><ul><li>D. 75–95 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>The amount of water in each compartment mainly is controlled by </li></ul><ul><li>A. oxygen concentration. </li></ul><ul><li>B. glucose concentration. </li></ul><ul><li>C. the presence of fatty acids. </li></ul><ul><li>D. ion concentration. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Intracellular water volume depends primarily on the concentration of </li></ul><ul><li>A. sodium and chloride. </li></ul><ul><li>B. phosphate and potassium. </li></ul><ul><li>C. potassium and sodium. </li></ul><ul><li>D. chloride and potassium. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>The two most significant extracellular ions are </li></ul><ul><li>A. sodium and chloride. </li></ul><ul><li>B. phosphate and potassium. </li></ul><ul><li>C. potassium and sodium. </li></ul><ul><li>D. chloride and potassium. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Water regulates body temperature through heat loss via </li></ul><ul><li>A. conduction. </li></ul><ul><li>B. radiation. </li></ul><ul><li>C. respiration. </li></ul><ul><li>D. evaporation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>A liter of perspiration lost by the body represents ____ kcalories. </li></ul><ul><li>A. 200 </li></ul><ul><li>B. 400 </li></ul><ul><li>C. 600 </li></ul><ul><li>D. 800 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>The body’s need for water is approximately ____ milliliter(s) per kcalorie. </li></ul><ul><li>A. 3 </li></ul><ul><li>B. 2 </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1 </li></ul><ul><li>D. 0.5 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>Adult women need how much total water intake per day? </li></ul><ul><li>A. 1.5 liters </li></ul><ul><li>B. 2 liters </li></ul><ul><li>C. 2.7 liters </li></ul><ul><li>D. 3 liters </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>Joe is a wrestler and during his workouts he loses 2 pounds. How much water would he have to drink to replenish this water weight loss? </li></ul><ul><li>A. 2 cups </li></ul><ul><li>B. 3 cups </li></ul><ul><li>C. 4 cups </li></ul><ul><li>D. 5 cups </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>Which of the following is not true about the regulation of fluid in the body? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Thirst is a reliable indicator of how much water should be consumed to replenish body fluids. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Antidiuretic hormone is released to force the kidney to conserve water. </li></ul><ul><li>C. There is a limit to how concentrated the kidney can make the urine. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Even though the kidney can effectively conserve water, insensible water losses must be replenished. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>Adult men need how much total water intake per day? </li></ul><ul><li>A. 2.0 liters </li></ul><ul><li>B. 2.7 liters </li></ul><ul><li>C. 3.0 liters </li></ul><ul><li>D. 3.7 liters </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>Minerals are classified in which way? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Major minerals are needed in amounts of 500 mg per day or greater. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 10 mg per day or less. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Major minerals are needed in amounts of 200 mg per day or greater. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>Which of the following statements does not describe the role of minerals in the body? </li></ul><ul><li>A. They make possible the transfer of nerve impulses. </li></ul><ul><li>B. They are constituents of important body compounds. </li></ul><ul><li>C. They provide 4 kcalories per gram. </li></ul><ul><li>D. They help maintain water balance. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following is true about mineral bioavailability? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Minerals from plants are better absorbed than those from animal products. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Minerals from animal products are better absorbed than those from plants. </li></ul><ul><li>C. The trace mineral content of plants is relatively constant no matter which soil serves as the medium. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Refining foods will increase the trace mineral content. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>The typical American diet contains approximately ___ mgs of sodium. </li></ul><ul><li>A. 700 to 1,200 </li></ul><ul><li>B. 1,300 to 2.200 </li></ul><ul><li>C. 2,300 to 4,700 </li></ul><ul><li>D. 5,000 to 10,000 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>Of the following foods, which one is lowest in sodium? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Pepperoni pizza </li></ul><ul><li>B. Macaroni salad </li></ul><ul><li>C. Milk </li></ul><ul><li>D. Grape juice </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>All foods in their unprocessed form tend to be low in sodium except </li></ul><ul><li>A. milk and dairy products. </li></ul><ul><li>B. whole grains. </li></ul><ul><li>C. legumes. </li></ul><ul><li>D. fruits. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>Consumption of a diet high in salt by a healthy individual will </li></ul><ul><li>A. cause damage to the kidneys. </li></ul><ul><li>B. result in edema. </li></ul><ul><li>C. increase fecal excretion of sodium. </li></ul><ul><li>D. increase urinary excretion of sodium. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>Which of the following would have the most sodium? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Applesauce in a jar </li></ul><ul><li>B. Homemade apple pie made with fresh apples </li></ul><ul><li>C. Homemade apple pie made with canned fruit filling </li></ul><ul><li>D. A prepared apple pie with filling from a can, bought in the store </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>Potassium performs all the following functions except which one? </li></ul><ul><li>A. It maintains the ability to see at night. </li></ul><ul><li>B. It maintains fluid balance. </li></ul><ul><li>C. It assists nerve transmission. </li></ul><ul><li>D. It maintains normal heart function. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 9 <ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul>

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