The
Normans
in
Ireland
1169 AD
 The Normans were descendents of the
Vikings
 Vikings loved to travel in their long
ships
 Some moved to Northern Franc...
Ireland in 1166
 Ireland was divided into small kingdoms
 Dermot McMurrough was King of Leinster
but he did not have man...
The Agreement
 Richard de Clare (Strongbow) was a
powerful Norman lord.
 He agreed to gather an army of Norman
soldiers ...
Dermot met the Normans at
Bannow Bay.
Together they marched on and
took over Wexford town,
Waterford City and Dublin.
Norman Castles
 When the Normans captured an area
they built castles for protection against
the Irish
 First they built ...
Motte and Bailey Castles
 A keep (wooden house) was built on
top of a small hill of earth- Motte
 The Bailey was a open ...
Stone Castles
Eventually
the Normans
began to
build stone
castles
instead of
motte and
bailey
castles.
Changes the Normans broughtChanges the Normans brought
 They brought many farming ideas to
Ireland that we still use toda...
Changes the Normans brought
 Many Irish names come from the Normans
Surnames- Cusack, Fitzgerald, Roche,
Fitzpatrick
Chri...
THANKS FOR
ATTENTION
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Normans

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  • Irish weather reference- rotting wood
    Danger of fire
  • Normans

    1. 1. The Normans in Ireland 1169 AD
    2. 2.  The Normans were descendents of the Vikings  Vikings loved to travel in their long ships  Some moved to Northern France to a place called Normandy and they became the Normans  The Normans were powerful soldiers and skilled builders of castles
    3. 3. Ireland in 1166  Ireland was divided into small kingdoms  Dermot McMurrough was King of Leinster but he did not have many friends  The other Kings decided to form an army against him  Dermot went to England to get help from King Henry  King Henry sent the Normans to help him
    4. 4. The Agreement  Richard de Clare (Strongbow) was a powerful Norman lord.  He agreed to gather an army of Norman soldiers to help Dermot  Dermot promised Strongbow his daughters Aoife’s hand in marriage  Dermot also promised that Strongbow could become the next King of Leinster Dermot Strongbow
    5. 5. Dermot met the Normans at Bannow Bay. Together they marched on and took over Wexford town, Waterford City and Dublin.
    6. 6. Norman Castles  When the Normans captured an area they built castles for protection against the Irish  First they built castles made of wood  These were called motte and bailey castles
    7. 7. Motte and Bailey Castles  A keep (wooden house) was built on top of a small hill of earth- Motte  The Bailey was a open space in front of the motte  A wide ditch surrounded the motte and bailey. (moat)  Servants , craftspeople, soldiers and farmers lived in the bailey  There was also a garden and stables and sheds for animals.
    8. 8. Stone Castles Eventually the Normans began to build stone castles instead of motte and bailey castles.
    9. 9. Changes the Normans broughtChanges the Normans brought  They brought many farming ideas to Ireland that we still use today  Normans divided the land into fields and changed the crops they grew each year Eg. Wheat grown one year, barley the next  They knew how to make hay by saving grass in the Summer and drying it  Irish people knew nothing about making hay until the Normans came Farming
    10. 10. Changes the Normans brought  Many Irish names come from the Normans Surnames- Cusack, Fitzgerald, Roche, Fitzpatrick Christian names- Eileen, Eamon, James, Geraldine.  By the end of the 1300, Normans controlled most of Ireland  Most had intermarried and became just like the Irish people
    11. 11. THANKS FOR ATTENTION

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