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Iscsc improvement framework_orientation_vs022112 Iscsc improvement framework_orientation_vs022112 Presentation Transcript

  • Feasibility of using a QualityImprovement Approach within APHA? AN APHA-ISC/SC PERSPECTIVE O R I E N TAT I O N F A C I L I TAT E D B Y P R I T I I R A N I F E B R U A RY 2 8 , 2 0 1 2
  • Acknowledgements 2 Model for Improvement was developed by the p p y Associate in Process Improvement and is used by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement New York State Health Department for their supportFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Eureka? 3  Describe the key elements of Quality Improvement Framework p  Identify at least two opportunities to apply quality improvement  Have key information to decide d id on th fthe feasibility ibilit of using the methods within APHAFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Call For Action 4  APHA membership has declined 12% from 2007 to 2011.  Similar decline seen in professional associations across the US due to shrinking budgets and g g growing unemployment. g p y  APHA wants to increase membership and better serve members’ needs.  As liaison to units, ISC can help APHA better understand what needs to be done to better serve members and bring in new members.For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • ISC and APHA Units 5 ISC/SC is the liaison to APHA units: Section, SPIGS, Forums, Caucuses 2011 Action Report/2012 Workplan has been re- structured to be consistent with a quality improvement framework Q lit improvement framework? Quality i tf k?For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • 6 Model for Improvement Two Parts Part 1 – Three Critical Questions 1. What are we trying to accomplish? li h? 2. How will we know that the change is an improvement? 3. What changes can we make that will result in an improvement Part 2 – Plan-Do-Study-Act Cycle a a o S udy c Cyc eFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Have you used a similar framework in p personal or professional life? p 71. What was the project? p j2. What is similar?3. What is different?4. What are the critical elements?5. What helped move it along to achieve objective? p g j6. What were the barriers?For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • What we will need to get started 8 Select a strategic p j g project with significant impact? g p Identified group who will test the interventions or changes? Potential to identify and collect process and outcome measures? Can some of these be tracked daily, weekly or monthly? kl thl ? Identify interventions that be used that are known to have worked? Some aspect of project can be completed in 12 months?For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Measurement What are we trying to accomplish? How will we know that a change is an improvement? What h Wh t change can we make that will k th t ill result in improvement? Act Plan The Improvement Guide Study DoLangley, Nolan, Nolan, Norman, Provost 1996For APHA-ISC/SC 9 2/28/12
  • Adapting the Framework for the ISC/SC 10What will we need?What are we doing?What is the timeline?Can you picture what it will look like if most of the sections/spigs/APHA adopted a quality improvement approach?For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • What is the ISC/SC trying to accomplish? 11 Examples  Increase membership engagement in _#__ sections/spigs by ___%.  Number of identified strategies objectives improved and/or reached increased by 15%. IIncrease membership numbers i APHA b ___ b hi b in by %.For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Measurement Assumptions p  The purpose of measurement in quality improvement is for learning not judgment  All measures have limitations, but the limitations do not negate their value g  Seek usefulness, not perfection  Measures are one voice of the system. Hearing the y g voice of the system gives us information on how to act within the system  Measures tell a story; goals in your aim statement give a reference pointFor APHA-ISC/SC 12 2/28/12
  • Identify a Balanced “Family” of Measures y y Outcome = Voice of the customer/student:  How is the system performing?  What is the result?  How is the learning of the student affected? Process = Voice of the workings of the system:  Are the parts/steps in the system performing as planned?  Are key changes being implemented in the system? Balancing = Looking at a system from different dimensions  What happened to the system as we improved the outcome and process measures?  Are we improving some parts of the system at the expense of others?For APHA-ISC/SC 13 2/28/12
  • How will we know that the change is an improvement? - 14 Membership engagement examples Engagement ● Equity ● Outcomes % of members actively involved in leadership, committees, projects % of members who read emails, newsletters over a finite period of time (e.g. before and after a planned event) % of members by region, field, membership level region field level, ethnic/racial, geographic level, who participate % of strategic projects with clear focus, process and outcome measures change ideas measures, Project objectives movement, or lack thereof Section/SPIG/Project leaders/APHA staff satisfaction levels For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • How will we know that the change is an improvement? Part 2 p 15Membership Recruitment measures’ examples p p Percentage of membership change Number of PDSAs identified Number of PDSAs tested Proportion of member implementing PDSAs p p g Section/SPIG/Project leaders/APHA staff satisfaction levelsFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • What changes can ISC make that will result in an improvement 16Examples p Develop or work with a few sections/spigs to write examples of clearly focused strategic projects. Test out metrics by using identified interventions Develop spreadsheet or dashboards if possibleFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • The PDSA Cycle •State objective of cycle•What modifications to Whatmake? •Make predictions•What is the next cycle? •Develop a plan to carry out Act A t Plan Pl Study Do •Carry out the test C t th t t •Complete analysis •Document problems •Compare to prediction and unexpected outcomes •Summarize learning •Begin data analysis Learning & ImprovementFor APHA-ISC/SC 17 2/28/12
  • Learning to Implementing: Repeated use of th PDSA C l R t d f the Cycle Changes that result in improvement A P S D Implementation of I l t ti f change Wide scale Wide-scale tests of A P change S D Follow-up tests Very smallHunches scale testTheoriesIdeasFor APHA-ISC/SC 18 2/28/12
  • What resources does the ISC/SC need? 191. Training and opportunity for application  Personal  Group2.2 Defined roles someone who will: roles…someone  facilitate access with leaders to allow for smooth operations;  encourage/remind teams to be persistent;  identify measures and best practice3. Conference call with small group of knowledgeable leaders to identify measures and change ideas4. 3-5 teams who are willing to test the framework until the September of 2012…Open Space Priorities?For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Is it feasible to use a “rapid” collaborative Quality Improvement (QI) Approach within APHA? 20 Traditional Rapid QIProject selection All Strategic – Important, ActionablePurpose Definition Problem – what should be Problem – what should be improved based on causative improved stated in factors – strategies – time- g q quantitative terms – causative limited factors – strategies – time- limitedPopulation Varies: organization, county, Test sample stateMeasures Identification Goals and objectives Outcomes – Process – “Balancing”/Unintended consequencesMeasures Collection easu es Co ect o Months o t s O go g, Ongoing, at least monthly east o t yPeriodicityIntervention Best practice, evidence-based Best practice, evidence-based broken into action-sized chunksPost-Intervention Theoretically should be adapted AdaptedCycle length Months to years Days-Weeks-MonthsFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Is it feasible to use a “rapid” Quality Improvement (QI) Approach within APHA? p ( ) pp 21Strengths Expertise among membership Value collaboration, dissent, discussion Committed leaders Significant student membership Offers opportunity to apply QI methodsChallenges Many chiefs Changing volunteer leadership APHA staff not trained in QI methods Majority of APHA members do not have QI training Discipline/Focus pFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Next Steps? 22After decision on feasibility, options available:Five Phases: (1) Learning; (2) Pilot-1; (3) Pilot-2; (4) Implementation; (5) Spread1.1 Seek out training a. Apply Improvement framework at personal level b. Apply Improvement framework as a ISC/SC group c. Study great examples of application d. d Continue orientation at June meeting2. Identify persons for roles3. Recruit advisors4.4 Identify focus metrics change ideas focus, metrics,5. Recruit sections/SPIGS to test6. Test and Study7. Regroup in SeptemberFor APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12
  • Selected Resources 23 Institute for Healthcare Improvement – Model for p Improvement: http://www.ihi.org/knowledge/Pages/HowtoImprove/default.aspx Ne York State Department of Health application of New Model for Improvement: http://www.health.ny.gov/statistics/chac/improvement/index.htm Proposed 2012 APHA Policy Paper on quality improvement and performance management to be posted at: http://www.apha.org/advocacy/policy/For APHA-ISC/SC 2/28/12