The transactional stress theory includes cognitive, affective, and adaptive responses from person and environment interaction. The person responds to perceived environmental changes by coping mechanisms.
Transactional theory of stress emphasizes that people & groups differ in their sensitivity & vulnerability to certain types of events, as well as in their interpretations & reactions
Physiologic responses of the whole body to stressors
Involves the Autonomic Nervous System, and Endocrine System
Occurs with the release of adaptive hormones and subsequent changes in the WHOLE body
General Adaptation Syndrome Stressor Alarm reaction Shock phase Epinephrine Cortisone Stages of resistance Stages of exhaustion Three stages adaptation to stress for both GAS/LAS: Counter-shock Phase Rest Death Normal state
It is a mild to severe feeling of apprehension about some perceived threat.
The Object of fear may or may not be based on reality.
Anxiety versus fear Result of discrete physical or psychological entity, definite and concrete events Result of psychological or emotional conflict Definite Vague Related to the present Related to the future Source is identifiable Source may not be identifiable Emotion of apprehension State of mental uneasiness FEAR ANXIETY
Biofeedback is a technique that brings under conscious control bodily processes normally thought to be beyond voluntary command. muscle tension, heartbeat, blood flow, peristalsis, & skin temperature – can be voluntarily controlled
feedback provided through:
a. temperature meters (that indicate temp. changes)
b. EMG (electromyogram) that shows electric potential created by contraction the muscles