ARTICLE 3. BILL OF RIGHTS1) DUE PROCESS2) EQUAL PROTECTION3) FREEDOM FROM UNWARRANTED SEARCHES AND SEIZURES4) PRIVACY OF COMMUNICATIONS AND CORRESPONDENCE5) FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION6) FREEDOM OF RELIGION
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION “at once the instrument and the guaranty and the bright consummate flower of all liberty” – Wendall Philipsjundumaugpolscisubjects.blogspot.com
PETITION free and effective communication of ideas from mind to mind FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
“matters that touch the heart of the existing order”Public interest not purely private.
Elements of Freedom of Expression1. Freedom from Censorship2. Freedom from Subsequent Punishment
Test To Determine Liability of a Person1. The Clear and Present Danger Rule2. The Dangerous Tendency Doctrine3. The Balancing Test
Criticism of Official Conduct “the sharp incision of its probe relieves the abscesses of officialdom”Public Official under hostile, their wound may be relieved bythe balm of a clear conscience. They should not be too thin- skinned with reference to comment upon their official act.
Assembly & Petition Right of AssociationAccess to Information