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Infrastructure Challanges For Yael V2

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    • 1. 2008 Infrastructure Challenges Pini Cohen EVP & Senior Analyst Architecture & Infrastructure Strategies [email_address]
    • 2. Business and Technology Scenario
      • Speed of business change increases need for cost-effective, flexible, and rapid infrastructure adaptability: Users need faster provisioning
      • Moore’s Law (2x in 18 months) continues to undermine capacity planning decisions and asset utilization projects: Users often need something smaller
      • Fundamental changes are occurring in the way networked applications are constructed, delivered, and used: User investments need protection
      Delivery model shifting (again) toward reusable software components, driving service-centric collaborative infrastructures
    • 3. Scenario: Adapting in Healthy Ways, Rather Than Fixating
      • Adaptive organizations have a core foundation of values and principles that keep them from chasing their tails every time tactical winds blow
      Risk and Transformation Speed Quality Cost
    • 4. What Is Virtualization?
      • Virtualization services provide an abstraction layer that presents several schemas — generally, commonly accepted “standards”
        • Virtualization services orchestrate and manage mapping of real resources to the virtual schema framework
        • Many resources can act as one, and one resource can act like many
      • These services provides access to real resources through consistent and often uniform virtual interfaces
        • Real resources may change, but the virtual invocation and mapping stay constant
      • Virtualization enables flexible, dynamic behavior
      RAID Virtual Memory Clustering Web Farm VLAN Services-oriented operations require simple, uniform software and infrastructure access Issue 1
    • 5. Agenda
      • STKI Radar - Storage
      • General and Local Trends and insights
      • Staffing Ratios
      • STKI Radar – Servers
      • General and Local Trends and insights
      • Staffing Ratios
    • 6. STKI IT Model All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 7. The Infrastructure Manager Radar Interest using Implementing VTL DeDuplication CDP Different storage tiers Email Archiving File Archiving - HSM DBMS on NAS Laptop Backup SATA Object Storage Basic Snapshots Snapshots for Exchange, DBMS , etc. Solid state Drives All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info Storage Compression
    • 8. Storage Size and Growth in Selected Industries All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info Industry 2007 Size Planned Growth Defense 500TB-1000TB 30%- 50% Finance 80TB-250TB 30% - 50% Health 20TB-180TB 60%-100% Manufacturing – Retail 20TB-30TB 20%-50% Telco 800TB-1.5 PETA 30% Governmental 5TB-15TB 25%-100% High Tech 30TB-100TB 20%-30%
    • 9. Thin Provisioning
      • Problem
        • Disk acquisition cost
        • Expanding and shrinking volumes
        • 40-60% allocated but unused space
      • Solution – Dynamic Capacity
        • Create any size volume
        • Allocate as usual, utilize on write
        • Keep unused disk space available
        • Constantly monitor storage usage
      • Benefits
        • Cut disk acquisition costs in half
        • Delay future purchases of disk
        • Never take system offline
        • Performance gains - only manage actual data (written blocks)
      Thin provisioning lowers disk cost and improves performance Data Unused Allocation Data Unused Allocation Traditional Allocation Thin Provisioned Allocation Data Unused Allocation Database E-mail CRM Actual data = 1.2 TB Physical storage consumed = 3.5 TB Data Unused Allocation Data Unused Allocation Data Database E-mail Actual data = 1.2 TB Consumed storage = 1.2 TB CRM Available Disk Space 0 GB Available Disk Space 2.3TB Source: www. ccd .cornell.edu/SO%20 CCD %20 Presentation %2012130721.ppt All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 10. How De-Duplication Works: Compares latest backup data to stored data None, only pointers to previous data Source (with STKI modification) : Sepaton http://www.go-dpa.com/media/TSM_Webinar.ppt All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info Current Data New Data Stored Previously Stored Data Eliminates duplicate data within Exchange, Oracle ® and Microsoft ® SQL databases Eliminates storage of unchanged portions of files Eliminates storage of duplicate files ( single Instance )
    • 11. Data Storage Reduction through Data De-duplication
      • Data De-duplication
        • Reduces storage media costs by reducing data redundancy
        • Trades off processing power (to detect, manage, re-create data) for storage space (multipleX)
        • On unstructured data, reductions as high as 90% have been observed
      Active Production Data “ Hot” Backup Tape De-duplication Technology Can be deployed at any point Source: www. ccd .cornell.edu/SO%20 CCD %20 Presentation %2012130721.ppt All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 12. STKI Observation : Storage is the most understaffed infrastructure domain Policy Architecture Operations Adaptive Storage Resource Storage Architecture Design Performance Monitoring Resource Allocation Availability Assurance Different application types requires different storage technologies processes All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
      • Application Optimization
      • Asset Management
      • Budget Management
      • Business Continuity
      • Contract Management
      • Contractor Management
      • Negotiation Management
      • Service Level Agreement Management
      • Hardware Support
      • Infrastructure Planning
      • Security Management
      • SW Distribution
      • Facility Planning
      • Security
      • Capacity Management
      • Inventory Management
      • Network Monitoring
      • Performance Management
      • Problem Management
      • Production Control
      • SW Management
      • Service Level Management
      • Workload Monitoring
      • System Monitoring
      • Tape Management
      • Database Adm
      • Change Management
      • Configuration Management
      • Cost-Recovery Management
      • Physical DB Management
      • Disk Storage Management
      • Job Scheduling
      • Service Request Management
      • Production Acceptance
      • QA
      • Test Lab Management
    • 13. Storage Ratios
      • Number of TB (Raw) per Storage Staff Member (including backup and DRP of storage):
      • In Israel from 14TB per FTE (in small organization with 7TB) to 270TB per FTE in large Telco organization.
      • Median is 1 FTE for 50TB raw (including backupdrp).
      • Storage is the area where many clients complained they are understaffed – not able to control the allocations, proactive maintenance , new technologies
      • Want to have better ratios? allocate each application highend storage x4 of what was asked….
      • STKI predicts – IT failures caused by Storage
      Source: STKI All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 14. STKI IT Model All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 15. The Infrastructure Manager Radar Interest using Implementing Virtualization in Production Linux for important systems Linux for critical systems Grid for industrial Specific applications Dealing with MF skills issue Windows Server 2008 64 migration for windows servers Exchange 2007 All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 16.
      • Windows Server 2008 promise improvements in:
        • Networking Performance
        • Security
        • Remote office server management (example: read only domain controllers)
        • Management
        • Scripting and task automation (example: PowerShell)
      Market status and Trends All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 17.
      • VMWARE is used mainly for Windows environment.
      • Users should carefully plan the storage performance needed in virtualized environment
      • Typical sizing for production application in VMWARE environment : 2 CPU (quad) with 16GB RAM for up to 12-20 production applications
      • For Linux guests backup users might use 3 rd party SW such as Ranger. Users are happy with VMWARE Windows backup – VCB
      Market status and Trends – Server Virtualization All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 18. New delivery model: Virtual Software Appliances
      • Virtual Appliances: pre-wired, pre-configured, production-ready software stack packaged inside virtual machine images designed to run under a VM hypervisor
        • Contains customization logic
        • May contain management agents
        • Associated meta-data manifest describing capabilities and requirements
      Appliances Virtualization Virtual Appliance Source: IBM research.ihost.com/mw07/MiddlewareKeyNote_4.ppt All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info Middleware Operating System Image Resource Definition Middleware Operating System Image Resource Definition Virtual Machine
    • 19. Virtual Software Appliances : Configuration and Lifecycle Management Developer VSA Engineer Deployer Datacenter Vendor Environment Customer Environment Application Structure Logical Topology Virtual Software Resources (VSR) Deployed, configured and running instance of VSA VSA Factory VSA Repository Register Internet Virtual Software Appliance (VSA) Source: IBM research.ihost.com/mw07/MiddlewareKeyNote_4.ppt All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info VSA Repository VSR Registry VSR VSR VSR VSA Deployment Manager VSA VSA VSA VSA VSA VSA
    • 20. STKI Survey: Server Virtualization Potential Benefits
      • Easier Server Provisioning
      • Planned Downtime is decreased
      • Easier daily operations – monitoring, update patches, etc.
      • Easier Capacity planning
      • Better possibilities in DRP environment
      Server Virtualization will be adopted by practically all users however professional skills are needed and this will make life more difficult for the “low end” integrators
    • 21. Server Ratios - Windows
      • Number of Windows Servers (logical ) per System member
        • In Israel from 35 per FTE in rather small but geographically distributed organization to 180 per FTE in large well managed organization. Median is 90 Windows Servers (logically) per FTE
      • Windows Server growth is huge
      • Many clients claimed they are understaffed – not able to perform the patches on time, capacity planning, consolidation project is too slow, keeping track of all changes, etc.
      • STKI observation – Virtualization has potential of savings but must start with adequate resources (staff).
      Source: STKI All Rights Reserved @STKI Moshav Bnei Zion, Israel +972 9 7907000 www.stki.info
    • 22. Thank you for your assistance in this research Pini Cohen EVP & Senior Analyst Architecture & Infrastructure Strategies [email_address]