MODAL VERBSThe modal verbs are:-CAN / COULD / MAY /MIGHT / MUST / SHALL/ SHOULD / OUGHT TO/ WILL / WOULD
Allthe auxiliary verbs except be, do and have are called modals. Unlike other auxiliary verbs modals only exist in their helping form; they cannot act alone as the main verb in a sentence. Be, do, and have also differ from the other auxiliaries in that they can also serve as ordinary verbs in a given sentence.
COMPARATIVE FORM OFADJECTIVES When we compare two things or people we look at what makes them different from each other. Comparative adjectives are used to show what quality one thing has more or less than the other. They normally come before any other adjectives.
FORMING THE COMPARATIVEWords of one syllable ending in e. Add -r to the end of the word.Ejemplo: wide - wider
Words of one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. Double the consonant and add -er to the end of the word.Ejemplo: big - bigger
Words of one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end. Add - er to the end of the word.Ejemplo: high - higher
Words of two syllables, ending in y. Change y to i, and add -er to the end of the word.Ejemplo: happy - happier
Words of two syllables or more, not ending in y. Place more before the adjective.Ejemplo: beautiful - more beautiful
The following adjectives areexceptions to this rule:good becomes betterbad becomes worsefar becomes farther or further
!NOTE When comparing two things like this we put than between the adjective and the thing being compared. For example:- "Mount Everest is higher than Mount Snowdon." "Arguably, Rome is more beautiful than Paris.
ADJECTIVE ORDER Adjectives can be used to describe lots of things, from physical size, age, shape, colour, material, to more abstract things like opinion, origin and purpose. We can use adjectives together to give a detailed description of something. Adjectives that express opinions usually come before all others, but it can sometimes depend on what exactly you want to emphasise.
FOR EXAMPLE:"That nice, big, blue bag.“(You like the bag.)"That big, nice, blue bag." (You like the colour.)
WHEN WE GROUP ADJECTIVES TOGETHERTHERE IS A GENERAL RULE FOR THE POSITIONOF EACH TYPE ADJECTIVE, THESE ARE:-Position 1st* 2nd* 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Opin Colou Materi Purpo ion Size Age Shape r al Origin se Squar Britis Racin Nice Small Old e Black Plastic h g Circul Cotto Ameri Runni Ugly Big New ar Blue n can ng
This is just a guide as you wouldnt normally see so many adjectives in one description. For example: "She had a big, ugly, old, baggy, blue, cotton, British, knitting bag." Is grammatically correct but a bit too long-winded. * You might swap opinion and fact adjectives depending on what you wish to emphasise:- For example: "She had a long, ugly nose." emphasising the length of her nose. "He was a silly, little man." emphasising that the man was silly.
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