What was the Renaissance?From the Italian word for “to be reborn”Definition – A rebirth of art, literature, science, andphilosophy in Europe during the 15th, 16th and 17thcenturies.What came out of the Renaissance? Some of the greatest art in history Great works of literature A Scientific RevolutionRenaissance Worksheet
What was life like in the Middle Ages?Lack of EducationAll knowledge came from the churchNot much art or literature
What started the Renaissance?Rediscovery of Greek and Roman Texts How could this change the way people saw the world? Why was this a challenge to the church?Money in Italian city-states Why does a city need money for art, literature, and architecture?Individualism and Secularism We’ll come back to this later…
The Renaissance Starts in Italy Italian city-states very rich Florence Cloth Milan Arms Venice Trade Extreme wealth allows for Patrons Artists need to eat too! Patrons gave money. Geography People in Italy became very interested in Roman and Greek texts…Why?
Italy during the RenaissanceOpen your books to page 413. In your notebook,answer the following questions:1. What geographic advantage did Italy have?2. Which areas did Genoa trade with?3. Which areas did Venice trade with?4. How do you think this helped start theRenaissance?
Four Themes of the RenaissanceHumanism – a cultural and intellectual movementthat emphasized literature, art, and civilization ofancient Greece and Rome.Secularism – a trend away from looking toreligion for all answersIndividualism – a concept that values individualcreativity and intelligenceRationality – using reason and logic as thereliable basis for testing any claims of truth
Renaissance Art: Big Ideas1. Art was often religious (Christian) “What about secularism Mr. P?”2. Focus on the Human Form3. New Artistic Techniques4. Many Greek and Roman Influences
1. Art was Heavily ReligiousWhile the Renaissance saw an increase inSecularism, the Catholic Church still had all ofthe money. They paid some of the great artists to create art for the ChurchMany, many paintings of the Madonna
2. Focus on the Human Form Obsessed with Anatomy “Perfection in the eyes of God”
3. New Artistic TechniquesShadingPerspective Page 414LightingStudy of Anatomy Made portraits and sculptures much more realistic
The LastSupper, DaVinci, 1498The LastSupper,Castagno,
4. Greek and Roman InfluencesMany paintings celebrated great Greek orRoman ThinkersOften shows people dressed in Greek clothingArchitecture During the Middle Ages Gothic Style Renaissance went back to Greek and Roman Style