Using Powershell to manage SharePoint

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Using Powershell to manage SharePoint

Using Powershell to manage SharePoint

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  • 1. Western Mass Microsoft UserGroup--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 1
  • 2.  Craig Pilkenton o SharePoint Engineer at MassMutual • Enterprise User Group Lead • SharePoint Trainer o Western Mass Microsoft User Group: Co-Lead (http://mstech.org) o LinkedIn.com (http://www.linkedin.com/in/craigpilkenton) Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 2
  • 3.  Overview: what is Windows Powershell What can(t) it do? Managing Server‟s Managing SharePoint Updating SharePoint Take-Away‟s Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 3
  • 4.  What is Windows Powershell? o Powershell is the new extensible command-line shell we can run on any Windows Server or desktop that allows for automating administrative tasks, executing any other command-line toolset, or for calling any regular .NET class, including those for the SharePoint platform. What does this really mean? o Powershell allows for automating repetitive maintenance tasks, modularizing scripts to “snap-on” future functionality, built-in enumeration objects, and calling any other command-line or .NET object to get work done (e.g. FTP, file-shares, email, etc.). Everything that is queried or returned to us is an „object‟ that has all of the available properties and methods. Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 4
  • 5.  What does Powershell look like? Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 5
  • 6.  Demo : Usage and interaction Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 6
  • 7.  Monitor server status & activate (Get-Service, Get- EventLog, dir/ls, Stop-Service, Restart-Service) Import/export files for processing or reports (Import- Csv, Export-Csv, Out-File, Copy-Item, FTP) Call other command-line utilities (STSADM.exe, RoboCopy, Team Foundation Server, WinZip) Instantiate .NET objects to use their functionality (Email, FileInfo, ArrayList, Hashtable) Instantiate SharePoint‟s .NET objects to manage the platform (Site-level, subweb-level, Document Library/List- level, permission-level) And just about anything else… Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 7
  • 8.  Many out-of-the-box cmdlets Not just informational, but reaction-able o Get-Service Stop-Service and/or Restart-Service can be fired as logic determines o Get-EventLog Watch for certain events and then fire other cmdlets, applications, or cmdlets in response o dir/ls (Get-ChildItem) Can look for files existing and if not, take action to get or remove Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 8
  • 9.  Demo : Monitoring our server, and reacting to it Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 9
  • 10.  Everything returned is a SharePoint object A „Site‟ object is instantiated AND must be disposed of when finished o Load the Microsoft.SharePoint .NET 2.0 object into memory o Create a „New-Object‟ to store the SharePoint site inside of o Begin querying the new object for its properties, methods, and stored values; some of which may be other SharePoint objects and/or collections themselves Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 10
  • 11.  Demo: Checking on our SharePoint environment Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 11
  • 12.  We still have a handle to the SharePoint site object to manipulate So what does it take? o We open a new SubWeb object (but this can be done at any level) o Inside of our SubWeb object, create a new List object o On the new List object, create an instance of an item, add column-value pairs that match the SharePoint List, o Finally call the .Update() method to add new item Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 12
  • 13.  Demo: Add a new Announcement to our SharePoint site Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 13
  • 14.  Powershell can manage any Microsoft server or platform (some actually have inherent cmdlets available e.g. Exchange 2007, SQL, etc.) Not only is Microsoft moving all server/platforms to this model, many vendors are doing the same with their software packages and/or tools Powershell not only talks to almost any command-line interface, but allows for reflexive decisions based on that data Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 14
  • 15.  Links o Windows Powershell Team http://blogs.msdn.com/powershell/ o PowershellCommunity.org http://www.powershellcommunity.org/ o Microsoft Online—Windows SharePoint Services http://office.microsoft.com/en- us/sharepointtechnology/FX100503841033.aspx Western Mass Microsoft User Group--Using Powershell to Manage SharePoint 1/11/2012 15