What is a thesis? A thesis is a specific sentence in an essay (but sometimes a cluster of sentences) that lets the reader know what the writer is asserting about the topic. In college-level papers we establish interest in the topic and some focus for the topic before offering the thesis statement.
Tips for writing your thesis: 1. Determine what kind of paper you are being asked to write: Analysis – in an analytical paper you break down an issue or idea into its component parts, evaluate the idea, and present this breakdown and evaluation to the audience Exposition – in an expository essay, you explain or describe some thing, place, person, or event to the audience Argument – in an argumentative assignment, you make a rational claim about a topic and justify this claim with specific evidence to logically convince your readers that your claim is true.
Tips (continued): 2. A thesis is an assertion, NOT a statement of fact or observation. Fact or observation: People use many lawn chemicals. Thesis: People are poisoning the environment with chemicals merely to keep their lawns clean.
Tips (continued): 3. A thesis takes a stand rather than announcing a subject or topic. Never begin your essay with a phrase like: The thesis of this paper is… I am writing about… My paper will examine… In this paper, I will discuss…
Tips (continued): 4. A thesis is NOT a question. Your thesis should be an answer to a question. 5. A thesis statement is narrow, rather than broad. If the thesis statement is sufficiently narrow, it can be fully supported. Broad: The American steel industry has many problems. Thesis: The primary problem of the American steel industry is the lack of funds to renovate outdated plants and equipment.
Tips (continued): 6. A thesis statement is specific, rather than vague or general. Avoid fuzzy or hard to define words like: Good Bad Interesting Disgusting
Important Reminder: Working Thesis - You can revise your thesis statement whenever you want while you are drafting your essay. The thesis you start with is a work in progress and is not written in stone. Your topic may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.