Cautions about paraphrasingPresentation Transcript
Cautions about Paraphrasing
Beware of these paraphrasinghazards…1. Changing only some of the words—if you change only a few words or include various phrases from the original source in your paraphrase, you are committing plagiarism!
2. Changing words but keeping the same sentence structure and order of presentation—paraphrasing must be more than substituting synonyms for every word in the original. Rewrite the source. If you do not change the sentence structure and order of presentation, you are committing plagiarism!
3. Adding ideas or explanation—the paraphrase should reflect the source accurately. Explanation of the paraphrase should come in your own subsequent discussion, not in the paraphrase itself.
4. Adding interpretation or assessment— the paraphrase should not include your evaluation or judgment of the ideas. Evaluate afterwards. The paraphrase must be objective and not include any emotive or sarcastic words in the paraphrase.
5. Creating a straw man fallacy—writers who exaggerate or misrepresent the source in a way that makes it an easier target for rebuttal commit the straw man fallacy. Take care that your paraphrase is fair, especially if you are hostile towards the source.
Sources: Aaron, Jane E. The Little, Brown Compact Handbook. 7th ed. New York: Longman, 2010. Print. Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. A Writer’s Reference 7th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. Print. Harris, Robert. Using Sources Effectively. 3rd ed. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing, 2011. Print. Howard, Rebecca Moore. Writing Matters: A Handbook for Writing and Research. New York: McGraw Hill, 2011. Print. Kirszner, Laurie G. and Stephen R. Mandell. The Brief Wadsworth Handbook. 6th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print.