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Irish culture

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  • 1. I CRAIC A TALK ON IRELAND AND IRISH CULTURE
  • 2. GENERAL INFORMATION
  • 3. THE ISLAND OF IRELAND
    • THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND CONSISTS OF 26 COUNTIES (PROVINCIAS).
    • THESE 26 COUNTIES ARE ORGANISED INTO 4 PROVINCES ( COMUNIDADES).
  • 4.  
  • 5. THE 4 PROVINCES
    • MUNSTER IN THE SOUTH – CARLYNN´S PROVINCE
  • 6. LEINSTER IN THE EAST
  • 7. CONNAUGHT IN THE WEST
  • 8. ULSTER IN THE NORTH
  • 9. NORTHERN IRELAND.
    • ULSTER = 9 COUNTIES
    • NORTHERN IRELAND = 6 OF THE 9 COUNTIES OF ULSTER.
    • NORTHERN IRELAND IS NOT A PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND.
    • NORTHERN IRELAND BELONGS TO THE UNITED KINGDOM.
  • 10.  
  • 11. RIVERS
    • THE LONGEST RIVER IN IRELAND IS THE RIVER SHANNON
    • IT IS 386 KMS LONG.
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. LAKES
  • 16. KILLARNEY CO. KERRY CONTAINS SOME OF THE BEST LAKES IN IRELAND
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. LOUGH NEAGH
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.
    • LOUGH NEAGH IS THE LARGEST LAKE IN IRELAND AND BRITAIN.
    • IT IS 396 KM (SQUARED)
    • IT IS ONE OF THE FORTY LARGEST LAKES IN EUROPE.
    • THE LAKE IS SITUATED IN 5 OF THE 6 COUNTIES IN THE NORTH
    • ANTRIM, DOWN, TYRONE, ARMAGH, DERRY.
  • 23. GIANT’S CAUSEWAY
    • Sixty million years ago Antrim was subject to intense volcanic activity which created the Giant’s Causeway.
    • The causeway is a haven for rare flora and fauna and is very popular among Botanists.
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. GIANT’S CAUSEWAY MYTH
    • TWO GIANTS – 1 IRISH AND 1 SCOTTISH.
    • IRISH GIANT = FINN MacCOOL, A GENTLE GIANT.
    • SCOTTISH GIANT = BENNANDONNER, A VIOLENT GIANT.
    • THEY AGREED TO HAVE A TEST OF STRENGTH.
    • SO, FINN MacCOOL MADE A ROAD FOR BENNANDONNER IN THE SEA (GIANT’S CAUSEWAY).
  • 27.
    • THE ROAD JOINED IRELAND AND SCOTLAND.
    • AFTER MAKING THE ROAD FINN WAS VERY TIRED AND TOOK A LITTLE SIESTA.
    • BUT BENNANDONNER WAS ARRIVING TO HIS CAVE.
    • OONAGH- FINN’S WIFE PANICKED!
    • FINN WOULD NOT STOP SLEEPING!!
  • 28.
    • SHE HAD TO THINK QUICKLY!!
    • THEN……SHE HAD AN IDEA
  • 29.
    • SHE WOULD PRETEND FINN WAS A SLEEPING BABY!
    • SHE DRESSED HIM IN BABY CLOTHES
  • 30.
    • THEN…BENNANDONNER ARRIVED….,
    • “ WHERE IS FINN?” HE SHOUTED.
    • “ WHERE IS THE COWARD?”
  • 31.
    • “ SHHHHHH” SAID OONAGH, “YOU WILL WAKE THE BABY!!”
    • “ THAT’S FINN’S BABY?”, ASKED BENNANDONNER.
    • “ YES”, SAID OONAGH, “HE IS VERY SMALL FOR 6 MONTHS OLD!!!”
    • BENNANDONNER PANICKED…IF THE 6 MONTH OLD BABY WAS THIS BIG..HOW BIG WAS FINN?!!!
  • 32.
    • SO BENNANDONNER RAN AWAY
    • BREAKING THE ROAD AS HE WENT.
  • 33. NEWGRANGE
    • This is one of the most important ancient sites in Europe.
    • These passage tombs were built during the Stone Age (around 3000BC, so they are older than the Pyramids).
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39. 1916/EASTER RISING
    • THE EASTER RISING TOOK PLACE ON 24 APRIL, 1916 IN DUBLIN.
    • THE IRISH REBELS LOST BUT THE BAD TREATMENT THEY RECEIVED WON THEM MASS SYMPATHY.
    • ON EASTER MONDAY 1,600 IRISH VOLUNTEER FORCE (IVF) AND THE CITIZEN ARMY TOOK OVER IMPORTANT GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS.
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42.  
  • 43.
    • THERE WAS A LOT OF DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY IN DUBLIN BECAUSE OF THE RISING.
    • 1,600 IRISH REBELS VS 20,000 ENGLISH SOLDIERS
    • BECAUSE OF THIS THE IRISH PEOPLE DID NOT SUPPORT THE REBELS.
  • 44.  
  • 45.
    • PADRAIGH PEARSE & JAMES CONNOLLY READ ´ THE PROCLAMATION OF THE REPUBLIC´.
  • 46. THE IRISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    • IT IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE ANGLO-IRISH WAR.
    • THIS WAS A GUERILLA WAR BETWEEN IRISH REBELS AND BRITISH SOLDIERS.
    • FROM JULY 21ST 1919 – 11TH JULY 1921.
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51. THE I.R.A
    • THE I.R.A (THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY) = THE SAME GROUP AS THE IVF (THE IRISH VOLUNTEER FORCE) FROM THE EASTER RISING. THEY CHANGED THE NAME TO MAKE THEM APPEAR MORE FORMAL.
  • 52.  
  • 53.  
  • 54. THE BLACK AND TANS
    • THE BLACK AND TANS = EX-WORLD WAR 1 SOLDIERS CONTRACTED BY THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT TO HELP FIGHT THE IRISH REBELS.
    • THEY GOT THIS NAME BECAUSE OF THEIR UNIFORM = KHAKI TROUSERS AND A BLACK JUMPER.
  • 55.  
  • 56.  
  • 57.  
  • 58. I.R.A VS BLACK AND TANS
    • THE IRA USED GUERILLA TACTICS ON THE BRITISH SOLDIERS AND KILLED MANY IMPORTANT ENGLISH FIGURES.
    • THE IRA WAS MERCILESS.
    • THE BLACK AND TANS WERE A POLICE FORCE RATHER THAN AN ARMY SO THEY HAD A LOT OF CONTACT WITH THE PUBLIC.
  • 59.
      • THE BLACK AND TANS TRIED TO STOP IRA SUPPORT WITH VIOLENCE.
      • THEY BURNED HOUSES, CREATED A STRICT CURFEW AND USED ORDINARY PEOPLE AS HUMAN SHIELDS.
      • HOWEVER, THIS INCREASED SUPPORT FOR THE IRA.
  • 60. MICHAEL COLLINS
    • HE WAS THE LEADER OF THE I.R.A.
    • HE USED A LOT OF VIOLENCE AGAINST THE BRITISH IN IRELAND.
    • HE CONTROLLED A MERCILESS TEAM OF 12 ASSASINS CALLED “THE SQUAD” OR “THE 12 APOSTLES”.
    • BRITISH INTELLIGENCE COULD NOT FIND OUT THEIR IDENTITIES.
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63. ANGLO IRISH TEATY
    • THE WAR ENDED IN JULY 1921.
    • THE BRITISH WON.
    • DE VALERA THE LEADER OF SINN FEIN – THE POLITICAL PART OF THE IRA WANTED TO SIGN AN AGREEMENT WITH BRITAIN.
    • BUT DE VALERA DID NOT WANT TO GO TO ENGLAND. HE SENT MICHAEL COLLINS.
  • 64.
    • DE VALERA KNEW THAT THE RESULT OF THE TREATY WOULD NOT BE GOOD.
    • THE TREATY DIVIDED IRELAND INTO 2 COUNTRIES.
    • THE IRISH FREE STATE (THE IRISH HAD A LOT OF AUTONOMY BUT ENGLAND WAS STILL THE LEADER IN SOME POLITICAL AREAS)
    • AND NORTHERN IRELAND WHICH WAS COMPLETELY UNDER ENGLISH CONTROL.
  • 65.
    • MICHAEL COLLINS WAS DISAPPOINTED BY THE TREATY BUT BELIEVED IT GAVE IRELAND “THE FREEDOM TO ACHEIVE FREEDOM”.
    • HE SAID “ I HAVE SIGNED MY DEATH WARRANT”.
    • BUT THE IRISH PEOPLE, TIRED OF THE VIOLENCE, VOTED FOR THE TREATY.
    • THIS TREATY CAUSED THE IRISH CIVIL WAR.
  • 66. THE IRISH CIVIL WAR
    • THE ANGLO IRISH TREATY DIVIDED SINN FEIN AND THE IRA IN TWO.
    • PRO-TREATY SINN FEIN AND THE REGULAR IRA VS. ANTI-TREATY SINN FEIN AND THE IRREGULAR IRA.
    • COLLINS = PRO TREATY
    • DE VALERA = ANTI TREATY
  • 67.
    • THE CIVIL WAR LASTED FROM JUNE 1922 TO MAY 1923.
    • IN 1922 MICHAEL COLLINS WAS SHOT DEAD BY THE ANTI TREATY IRA.
    • THE NEW LEADER OF THE IRISH FREE STATE IS MUCH STRICTER WITH THE ANTI-TREATY IRA AND EXECUTES 77 PEOPLE IN 6 MONTHS.
  • 68. IMPORTANT EVENTS
    • IN 1949 IRELAND GAINS TOTAL INDEPENDENCE FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM.
    • IT IS NOW THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND.
    • THE TRICOLOUR IS THE NATIONAL FLAG.
    • GREEN = THE ISLAND OF IRELAND AND CATHOLICS
    • ORANGE = NORTHERN IRELAND AND PROTESTANTS
    • WHITE = PEACE BETWEEN BOTH GROUPS
  • 69.  
  • 70. THE TROUBLES
  • 71.  
  • 72.  
  • 73. “ OUR REVENGE WILL BE THE LAUGHTER OF OUR CHILDREN”
  • 74.  
  • 75.
    • THE TROUBLES IS THE NAME USED TO DESCRIBE THE PROBLEMS IN NORTHERN IRELAND.
    • CATHOLICS WERE TREATED AS SECOND CLASS CITIZENS IN THE NORTH. PENAL LAW WAS STILL MORE OR LESS PRACTICED.
    • ON JANUARY 1967 THE NORTHERN IRELAND CIVIL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION WAS FORMED.
  • 76.  
  • 77.
    • THIS LED TO A RISE IN TENSION BETWEEN CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS.
    • A LOT OF VIOLENCE OCCURED.
    • THE BATTLE OF THE BOGSIDE –
    • AUGUST 1969.
  • 78.  
  • 79.  
  • 80.  
  • 81.  
  • 82.  
  • 83. BLOODY SUNDAY
    • 30TH OF JANUARY 1972
    • CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT VS BRITISH TROOPS.
  • 84.  
  • 85.  
  • 86.  
  • 87.  
  • 88.  
  • 89. GOOD FRIDAY AGREEMENT
    • SIGNED ON THE 10TH OF APRIL 1998.
    • THE MAIN IDEAS WERE:
      • THAT ALL PEOPLE IN THE NORTH SHOULD HAVE BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL RIGHTS AND EQUALITY.
      • CO-OPERATION BETWEEN CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS.
  • 90.  
  • 91.  
  • 92. FAMOUS IRISH PEOPLE
  • 93. WRITERS
  • 94. James Joyce : Ulysses
  • 95. C.S. Lewis: Chronicles of Narnia
  • 96. Oscar Wilde: The Picture of Dorian Gray
  • 97. William B. Yeats: The Lake Isle of Innisfree
  • 98. Bram Stoker: Dracula
  • 99. Johnathon Swift: Gullivers Travels
  • 100. ACTORS
  • 101. Colin Farell: Minority Report, Phone Booth, S.W.A.T., Alexander, Miami Vice, New World, In Bruges
  • 102. Pierce Brosnan: James Bond, Mamma Mia
  • 103. Cillian Murphy: 28 Days Later, Intermission, Breakfast on Pluto, Red Eye, Batman Begins
  • 104. Liam Neeson: Schindler’s List, Love Actually, Batman Begins, Kingdom of Heaven, Rob Roy, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.
  • 105. Johnathon Rhys Meyers: Velvet Goldmine, Alexander, The Tudors
  • 106. Gabriel Byrne: Excalibur, The Usual Suspects, End of Days, Vanity Fair.
  • 107. Stephen Rea: V FOR VENDETTA, MICHAEL COLLINS
  • 108. Ciaran Hinds: Excalibur, Mary Reilly, Oscar and Lucinda, Road to Perdition, The Phantom of the Opera, Veronica Guerin
  • 109. THE 17TH OF MARCH ST. PATRICK’S DAY
  • 110. ST. PATRICK
    • ST. PATRICK IS THE PATRON SAINT OF IRELAND
    • HE BROUGHT CHRISTIANITY TO THE PAGAN CELTS.
    • HE USED THE SHAMROCK TO EXPLAIN THE HOLY TRINITY.
    • 3 LEAVES = 1 PLANT,
    • THE FATHER, THE SON AND THE SPIRIT = 1 GOD
  • 111. THE BIGGEST PARTY IN IRELAND
    • ON ST. PATRICK’S DAY PEOPLE USUALLY GO TO THE CHURCH.
    • THEN EAT TOGETHER.
    • WEAR GREEN
    • WEAR SHAMROCKS
    • EVERY TOWN HAS A PARADE
    • AND HAVE A LOT OF FUN
  • 112.  
  • 113.  
  • 114.  
  • 115.  
  • 116. THE PARADES
    • The first St. Patrick's Day parade took place not in Ireland but in the United States
    • It took place on the 17 th of March 1762 in New York.
    • It was organised by Irish soldiers and was a protest against discrimination.
  • 117.
    • Today, the Saint Patrick’s Day parade is the world's oldest civilian parade and the largest in the United States, with over 150,000 participants.
    • Nowadays, St. Patrick’s Day is a worldwide event.
    • In Chicago in the United States they dye their river green for the occasion!!!!
  • 118. Chicago
  • 119.  
  • 120. Dublin
  • 121.  
  • 122.  
  • 123. Cork
  • 124.  
  • 125.  
  • 126.  
  • 127.  
  • 128. FUN FACTS
  • 129.
    • Celtic rock group The Pogues were originally called "Pogue Mahone," which translates into “kiss my a**" in Gaelic.
  • 130.
    • The "Oscar" statuette handed out at the Academy Awards was designed by Cedric Gibbons, who was born in Dublin in 1823 .
  • 131.
    • An old legend says that, while Christ will judge all nations on judgment day, St. Patrick will be the judge of the Irish .
    • Montgomery Street in Dublin was once the largest red light district in all of Europe , with over 1600 prostitutes plying their trade. An old Irish song called “Take Me Up To The Monto” memorializes this era.
  • 132.
    • The Newgrange passage tomb in County Meath was constructed around 3200 BC , making it more than 600 years older than the Giza Pyramids in Egypt.
  • 133.
    • Kilkenny-born architect James Hoban designed the original White House in Washington after winning a competition sponsored by President George Washington and Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson in 1792.
  • 134.
    • James Joyce once called Guinness stout "the wine of Ireland ."
  • 135.
    • The tallest identical twins ever born were the Knipe Brothers from Magherafelt in County Derry who were 7ft 2in. They were born in 1761.
  • 136. THE END