Irish culture

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Irish culture

  1. 1. I CRAIC A TALK ON IRELAND AND IRISH CULTURE
  2. 2. GENERAL INFORMATION
  3. 3. THE ISLAND OF IRELAND <ul><li>THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND CONSISTS OF 26 COUNTIES (PROVINCIAS). </li></ul><ul><li>THESE 26 COUNTIES ARE ORGANISED INTO 4 PROVINCES ( COMUNIDADES). </li></ul>
  4. 5. THE 4 PROVINCES <ul><li>MUNSTER IN THE SOUTH – CARLYNN´S PROVINCE </li></ul>
  5. 6. LEINSTER IN THE EAST
  6. 7. CONNAUGHT IN THE WEST
  7. 8. ULSTER IN THE NORTH
  8. 9. NORTHERN IRELAND. <ul><li>ULSTER = 9 COUNTIES </li></ul><ul><li>NORTHERN IRELAND = 6 OF THE 9 COUNTIES OF ULSTER. </li></ul><ul><li>NORTHERN IRELAND IS NOT A PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND. </li></ul><ul><li>NORTHERN IRELAND BELONGS TO THE UNITED KINGDOM. </li></ul>
  9. 11. RIVERS <ul><li>THE LONGEST RIVER IN IRELAND IS THE RIVER SHANNON </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS 386 KMS LONG. </li></ul>
  10. 15. LAKES
  11. 16. KILLARNEY CO. KERRY CONTAINS SOME OF THE BEST LAKES IN IRELAND
  12. 19. LOUGH NEAGH
  13. 22. <ul><li>LOUGH NEAGH IS THE LARGEST LAKE IN IRELAND AND BRITAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS 396 KM (SQUARED) </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS ONE OF THE FORTY LARGEST LAKES IN EUROPE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE LAKE IS SITUATED IN 5 OF THE 6 COUNTIES IN THE NORTH </li></ul><ul><li>ANTRIM, DOWN, TYRONE, ARMAGH, DERRY. </li></ul>
  14. 23. GIANT’S CAUSEWAY <ul><li>Sixty million years ago Antrim was subject to intense volcanic activity which created the Giant’s Causeway. </li></ul><ul><li>The causeway is a haven for rare flora and fauna and is very popular among Botanists. </li></ul>
  15. 26. GIANT’S CAUSEWAY MYTH <ul><li>TWO GIANTS – 1 IRISH AND 1 SCOTTISH. </li></ul><ul><li>IRISH GIANT = FINN MacCOOL, A GENTLE GIANT. </li></ul><ul><li>SCOTTISH GIANT = BENNANDONNER, A VIOLENT GIANT. </li></ul><ul><li>THEY AGREED TO HAVE A TEST OF STRENGTH. </li></ul><ul><li>SO, FINN MacCOOL MADE A ROAD FOR BENNANDONNER IN THE SEA (GIANT’S CAUSEWAY). </li></ul>
  16. 27. <ul><li>THE ROAD JOINED IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER MAKING THE ROAD FINN WAS VERY TIRED AND TOOK A LITTLE SIESTA. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT BENNANDONNER WAS ARRIVING TO HIS CAVE. </li></ul><ul><li>OONAGH- FINN’S WIFE PANICKED! </li></ul><ul><li>FINN WOULD NOT STOP SLEEPING!! </li></ul>
  17. 28. <ul><li>SHE HAD TO THINK QUICKLY!! </li></ul><ul><li>THEN……SHE HAD AN IDEA </li></ul>
  18. 29. <ul><li>SHE WOULD PRETEND FINN WAS A SLEEPING BABY! </li></ul><ul><li>SHE DRESSED HIM IN BABY CLOTHES </li></ul>
  19. 30. <ul><li>THEN…BENNANDONNER ARRIVED…., </li></ul><ul><li>“ WHERE IS FINN?” HE SHOUTED. </li></ul><ul><li>“ WHERE IS THE COWARD?” </li></ul>
  20. 31. <ul><li>“ SHHHHHH” SAID OONAGH, “YOU WILL WAKE THE BABY!!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ THAT’S FINN’S BABY?”, ASKED BENNANDONNER. </li></ul><ul><li>“ YES”, SAID OONAGH, “HE IS VERY SMALL FOR 6 MONTHS OLD!!!” </li></ul><ul><li>BENNANDONNER PANICKED…IF THE 6 MONTH OLD BABY WAS THIS BIG..HOW BIG WAS FINN?!!! </li></ul>
  21. 32. <ul><li>SO BENNANDONNER RAN AWAY </li></ul><ul><li>BREAKING THE ROAD AS HE WENT. </li></ul>
  22. 33. NEWGRANGE <ul><li>This is one of the most important ancient sites in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>These passage tombs were built during the Stone Age (around 3000BC, so they are older than the Pyramids). </li></ul>
  23. 39. 1916/EASTER RISING <ul><li>THE EASTER RISING TOOK PLACE ON 24 APRIL, 1916 IN DUBLIN. </li></ul><ul><li>THE IRISH REBELS LOST BUT THE BAD TREATMENT THEY RECEIVED WON THEM MASS SYMPATHY. </li></ul><ul><li>ON EASTER MONDAY 1,600 IRISH VOLUNTEER FORCE (IVF) AND THE CITIZEN ARMY TOOK OVER IMPORTANT GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS. </li></ul>
  24. 43. <ul><li>THERE WAS A LOT OF DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY IN DUBLIN BECAUSE OF THE RISING. </li></ul><ul><li>1,600 IRISH REBELS VS 20,000 ENGLISH SOLDIERS </li></ul><ul><li>BECAUSE OF THIS THE IRISH PEOPLE DID NOT SUPPORT THE REBELS. </li></ul>
  25. 45. <ul><li>PADRAIGH PEARSE & JAMES CONNOLLY READ ´ THE PROCLAMATION OF THE REPUBLIC´. </li></ul>
  26. 46. THE IRISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE <ul><li>IT IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE ANGLO-IRISH WAR. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS WAS A GUERILLA WAR BETWEEN IRISH REBELS AND BRITISH SOLDIERS. </li></ul><ul><li>FROM JULY 21ST 1919 – 11TH JULY 1921. </li></ul>
  27. 51. THE I.R.A <ul><li>THE I.R.A (THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY) = THE SAME GROUP AS THE IVF (THE IRISH VOLUNTEER FORCE) FROM THE EASTER RISING. THEY CHANGED THE NAME TO MAKE THEM APPEAR MORE FORMAL. </li></ul>
  28. 54. THE BLACK AND TANS <ul><li>THE BLACK AND TANS = EX-WORLD WAR 1 SOLDIERS CONTRACTED BY THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT TO HELP FIGHT THE IRISH REBELS. </li></ul><ul><li>THEY GOT THIS NAME BECAUSE OF THEIR UNIFORM = KHAKI TROUSERS AND A BLACK JUMPER. </li></ul>
  29. 58. I.R.A VS BLACK AND TANS <ul><li>THE IRA USED GUERILLA TACTICS ON THE BRITISH SOLDIERS AND KILLED MANY IMPORTANT ENGLISH FIGURES. </li></ul><ul><li>THE IRA WAS MERCILESS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BLACK AND TANS WERE A POLICE FORCE RATHER THAN AN ARMY SO THEY HAD A LOT OF CONTACT WITH THE PUBLIC. </li></ul>
  30. 59. <ul><ul><li>THE BLACK AND TANS TRIED TO STOP IRA SUPPORT WITH VIOLENCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THEY BURNED HOUSES, CREATED A STRICT CURFEW AND USED ORDINARY PEOPLE AS HUMAN SHIELDS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HOWEVER, THIS INCREASED SUPPORT FOR THE IRA. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 60. MICHAEL COLLINS <ul><li>HE WAS THE LEADER OF THE I.R.A. </li></ul><ul><li>HE USED A LOT OF VIOLENCE AGAINST THE BRITISH IN IRELAND. </li></ul><ul><li>HE CONTROLLED A MERCILESS TEAM OF 12 ASSASINS CALLED “THE SQUAD” OR “THE 12 APOSTLES”. </li></ul><ul><li>BRITISH INTELLIGENCE COULD NOT FIND OUT THEIR IDENTITIES. </li></ul>
  32. 63. ANGLO IRISH TEATY <ul><li>THE WAR ENDED IN JULY 1921. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BRITISH WON. </li></ul><ul><li>DE VALERA THE LEADER OF SINN FEIN – THE POLITICAL PART OF THE IRA WANTED TO SIGN AN AGREEMENT WITH BRITAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT DE VALERA DID NOT WANT TO GO TO ENGLAND. HE SENT MICHAEL COLLINS. </li></ul>
  33. 64. <ul><li>DE VALERA KNEW THAT THE RESULT OF THE TREATY WOULD NOT BE GOOD. </li></ul><ul><li>THE TREATY DIVIDED IRELAND INTO 2 COUNTRIES. </li></ul><ul><li>THE IRISH FREE STATE (THE IRISH HAD A LOT OF AUTONOMY BUT ENGLAND WAS STILL THE LEADER IN SOME POLITICAL AREAS) </li></ul><ul><li>AND NORTHERN IRELAND WHICH WAS COMPLETELY UNDER ENGLISH CONTROL. </li></ul>
  34. 65. <ul><li>MICHAEL COLLINS WAS DISAPPOINTED BY THE TREATY BUT BELIEVED IT GAVE IRELAND “THE FREEDOM TO ACHEIVE FREEDOM”. </li></ul><ul><li>HE SAID “ I HAVE SIGNED MY DEATH WARRANT”. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT THE IRISH PEOPLE, TIRED OF THE VIOLENCE, VOTED FOR THE TREATY. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS TREATY CAUSED THE IRISH CIVIL WAR. </li></ul>
  35. 66. THE IRISH CIVIL WAR <ul><li>THE ANGLO IRISH TREATY DIVIDED SINN FEIN AND THE IRA IN TWO. </li></ul><ul><li>PRO-TREATY SINN FEIN AND THE REGULAR IRA VS. ANTI-TREATY SINN FEIN AND THE IRREGULAR IRA. </li></ul><ul><li>COLLINS = PRO TREATY </li></ul><ul><li>DE VALERA = ANTI TREATY </li></ul>
  36. 67. <ul><li>THE CIVIL WAR LASTED FROM JUNE 1922 TO MAY 1923. </li></ul><ul><li>IN 1922 MICHAEL COLLINS WAS SHOT DEAD BY THE ANTI TREATY IRA. </li></ul><ul><li>THE NEW LEADER OF THE IRISH FREE STATE IS MUCH STRICTER WITH THE ANTI-TREATY IRA AND EXECUTES 77 PEOPLE IN 6 MONTHS. </li></ul>
  37. 68. IMPORTANT EVENTS <ul><li>IN 1949 IRELAND GAINS TOTAL INDEPENDENCE FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS NOW THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND. </li></ul><ul><li>THE TRICOLOUR IS THE NATIONAL FLAG. </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN = THE ISLAND OF IRELAND AND CATHOLICS </li></ul><ul><li>ORANGE = NORTHERN IRELAND AND PROTESTANTS </li></ul><ul><li>WHITE = PEACE BETWEEN BOTH GROUPS </li></ul>
  38. 70. THE TROUBLES
  39. 73. “ OUR REVENGE WILL BE THE LAUGHTER OF OUR CHILDREN”
  40. 75. <ul><li>THE TROUBLES IS THE NAME USED TO DESCRIBE THE PROBLEMS IN NORTHERN IRELAND. </li></ul><ul><li>CATHOLICS WERE TREATED AS SECOND CLASS CITIZENS IN THE NORTH. PENAL LAW WAS STILL MORE OR LESS PRACTICED. </li></ul><ul><li>ON JANUARY 1967 THE NORTHERN IRELAND CIVIL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION WAS FORMED. </li></ul>
  41. 77. <ul><li>THIS LED TO A RISE IN TENSION BETWEEN CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS. </li></ul><ul><li>A LOT OF VIOLENCE OCCURED. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BATTLE OF THE BOGSIDE – </li></ul><ul><li>AUGUST 1969. </li></ul>
  42. 83. BLOODY SUNDAY <ul><li>30TH OF JANUARY 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT VS BRITISH TROOPS. </li></ul>
  43. 89. GOOD FRIDAY AGREEMENT <ul><li>SIGNED ON THE 10TH OF APRIL 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>THE MAIN IDEAS WERE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THAT ALL PEOPLE IN THE NORTH SHOULD HAVE BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL RIGHTS AND EQUALITY. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO-OPERATION BETWEEN CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS. </li></ul></ul>
  44. 92. FAMOUS IRISH PEOPLE
  45. 93. WRITERS
  46. 94. James Joyce : Ulysses
  47. 95. C.S. Lewis: Chronicles of Narnia
  48. 96. Oscar Wilde: The Picture of Dorian Gray
  49. 97. William B. Yeats: The Lake Isle of Innisfree
  50. 98. Bram Stoker: Dracula
  51. 99. Johnathon Swift: Gullivers Travels
  52. 100. ACTORS
  53. 101. Colin Farell: Minority Report, Phone Booth, S.W.A.T., Alexander, Miami Vice, New World, In Bruges
  54. 102. Pierce Brosnan: James Bond, Mamma Mia
  55. 103. Cillian Murphy: 28 Days Later, Intermission, Breakfast on Pluto, Red Eye, Batman Begins
  56. 104. Liam Neeson: Schindler’s List, Love Actually, Batman Begins, Kingdom of Heaven, Rob Roy, Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace.
  57. 105. Johnathon Rhys Meyers: Velvet Goldmine, Alexander, The Tudors
  58. 106. Gabriel Byrne: Excalibur, The Usual Suspects, End of Days, Vanity Fair.
  59. 107. Stephen Rea: V FOR VENDETTA, MICHAEL COLLINS
  60. 108. Ciaran Hinds: Excalibur, Mary Reilly, Oscar and Lucinda, Road to Perdition, The Phantom of the Opera, Veronica Guerin
  61. 109. THE 17TH OF MARCH ST. PATRICK’S DAY
  62. 110. ST. PATRICK <ul><li>ST. PATRICK IS THE PATRON SAINT OF IRELAND </li></ul><ul><li>HE BROUGHT CHRISTIANITY TO THE PAGAN CELTS. </li></ul><ul><li>HE USED THE SHAMROCK TO EXPLAIN THE HOLY TRINITY. </li></ul><ul><li>3 LEAVES = 1 PLANT, </li></ul><ul><li>THE FATHER, THE SON AND THE SPIRIT = 1 GOD </li></ul>
  63. 111. THE BIGGEST PARTY IN IRELAND <ul><li>ON ST. PATRICK’S DAY PEOPLE USUALLY GO TO THE CHURCH. </li></ul><ul><li>THEN EAT TOGETHER. </li></ul><ul><li>WEAR GREEN </li></ul><ul><li>WEAR SHAMROCKS </li></ul><ul><li>EVERY TOWN HAS A PARADE </li></ul><ul><li>AND HAVE A LOT OF FUN </li></ul>
  64. 116. THE PARADES <ul><li>The first St. Patrick's Day parade took place not in Ireland but in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>It took place on the 17 th of March 1762 in New York. </li></ul><ul><li>It was organised by Irish soldiers and was a protest against discrimination. </li></ul>
  65. 117. <ul><li>Today, the Saint Patrick’s Day parade is the world's oldest civilian parade and the largest in the United States, with over 150,000 participants. </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, St. Patrick’s Day is a worldwide event. </li></ul><ul><li>In Chicago in the United States they dye their river green for the occasion!!!! </li></ul>
  66. 118. Chicago
  67. 120. Dublin
  68. 123. Cork
  69. 128. FUN FACTS
  70. 129. <ul><li>Celtic rock group The Pogues were originally called &quot;Pogue Mahone,&quot; which translates into “kiss my a**&quot; in Gaelic. </li></ul>
  71. 130. <ul><li>The &quot;Oscar&quot; statuette handed out at the Academy Awards was designed by Cedric Gibbons, who was born in Dublin in 1823 . </li></ul>
  72. 131. <ul><li>An old legend says that, while Christ will judge all nations on judgment day, St. Patrick will be the judge of the Irish . </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery Street in Dublin was once the largest red light district in all of Europe , with over 1600 prostitutes plying their trade. An old Irish song called “Take Me Up To The Monto” memorializes this era. </li></ul>
  73. 132. <ul><li>The Newgrange passage tomb in County Meath was constructed around 3200 BC , making it more than 600 years older than the Giza Pyramids in Egypt. </li></ul>
  74. 133. <ul><li>Kilkenny-born architect James Hoban designed the original White House in Washington after winning a competition sponsored by President George Washington and Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson in 1792. </li></ul>
  75. 134. <ul><li>James Joyce once called Guinness stout &quot;the wine of Ireland .&quot; </li></ul>
  76. 135. <ul><li>The tallest identical twins ever born were the Knipe Brothers from Magherafelt in County Derry who were 7ft 2in. They were born in 1761. </li></ul>
  77. 136. THE END

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