Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text.
They say that eating beef is bad for you.
Not all pronouns will refer to an antecedent, however.
Everyone here earns over a thousand dollars a day.
This section will list and briefly describe the several kinds of pronouns.
Note the examples of the differences between the subject and object :
She saw her at the supermarket.
She saw us at the restaurant.
You gave me a present.
SUBJECT PRONOUN OBJECT PRONOUN I Me You You He Him She Her It It We Us You You They Them
The demonstrative pronouns are meant to indicate something. They are: this, that, these and those.
The pronoun "this" should be used to indicate something that is singular andnear speaker.
Ex.: This car is really cool .
Referring to something singular and far, the speaker should use "that".
Ex.: That is my new neighbor .
However, when referring to something close, only in the plural, the speaker should use "these ".
Ex.: These tickets are too expensive .
The "those" should be used whenever the speaker wants to demonstrate something that is plural and farther away.
Ex.: Those are my classmates .
"This" -> near / natural
"These" -> near / plural
"That" -> far / natural
"Those" -> far / plural
These are words that refer to the terms mentioned previously.
Who and Whom refers to people.
Ex.: The boy whom I saw is beautiful.
The boy who I saw is beautiful.
Which can refer to objects and animals.
Ex.: The dog which entered the room is sick.
The dog which you saw is sick.
That can refer to people, objects and animals. Can not be used with preposition.
Ex.: The boy that arrived is beautiful.
The boy that I saw is beautiful.
The dog that you saw is sick.
Whose Indicates a relationship of possession, that is, its antecedent is always theowner. There can be omitted.
Ex.: That ‘s the girl whose car was stolen.
The car whose the door is open is very old.
I know the author whose stories you like.
I have the book whose the stories you like.
See: substantive .
Indefinite Pronouns - Singular Examples Another Thanks, I’ll have another . Anybody / Anyone Anyone can see it! Anything Anything can happen now. Each Each has his own opinions. Either Either will do it. Enough Enough is enough. Everybody / Everyone Everybody is going home. Everything Everything is nice here Less Less is more. Indefinite pronouns- Singular Examples Little Little is known about the dinosaurs. Much Much was told on the class. Neither Neither worked there. No one / Nobody Nobody wants to be her. Nothing Nothing will change it. One One might think it’s Other One was fat and the other was slim. Somebody / Someone Someone could help you. Something Something has changed.
Indefinite pronouns - Plural Examples Both Both are idiots! Few Few could be here. Fewer Fewer are smoking these days. Many Many want to come. Others Others have done it before. Several Several left in the box. They They say that tomatoes are healthy. Infinite Pronouns – Singular or Plural Examples All All is over. Any Is any left? More More are doing this. Most Most have finished the test. None None of them are my friends. Some Some have gone home. Such Such is life.
Reflexive pronouns can be used to express a reflexive action (the action of the verb falls on the subject itself), function emphatic (the pronoun must match what we're emphasizing.) idiomatic function (it has been the intention of informing the subject practiced action alone, without anyone's help. In this case, the reflexive pronoun must be preceded by "by".)
Exs.: Janet hurt herself . Virginia Woolf killed herself . Tom was sitting there by himself . I did this myself ! They paint the shoes themselves . Reflexive Pronouns MYSELF YOURSELF HIMSELF HERSELF ITSELF OURSELVES YOURSELVES THEMSELVES
The Interrogative Pronouns are pronouns used in the construction of questions. They are replacing the names or noun phrases in the questions, stating the type of information being sought. They always start the sentence interrogative. They are: Who, Whom, What, Which, Where, When, How, Whose.
Exs.: Who is our new teacher?
Whom were you going with?
With whom is your friend playing?
What is your name?
What do you do in your free time?
Which TV program do you like?
Where do you live?
When did you talk to him?
How can I say “pronomes” in English?
Whose is that car?
There are also some expressions interrogative pronouns formed by how and what, accompanied by an adverb or verb, as: How long, How much, How many, How often, What about, What... like?.
Exs.: How long have you been living in the same house?
How much is this book?
How many books did you buy?
How often do you go to the movies?
What about changing your life?
What is your boyfriend like?
Morphological Analysis Adjective Sophisticated Pronoun Most Article The Preposition For For the most sophisticated.
Análise morfológica Adjetivo Sofisticados Pronome Mais Artigo Os Preposição Para Para os mais sofisticados.