Adjectives
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Adjectives

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    Adjectives Adjectives Presentation Transcript

    • English Work
    • Adjectives
    • Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a , an , and the — are adjectives. Definition
    • Examples:
      • the tall professor
      • the lugubrious lieutenant
      • a solid commitment
      • a month's pay
      • a six-year-old child
      • the unhappiest, richest man
      • Different the Portuguese, the adjectives in English do not have: - GENDER, it is, it uses the same adjective for both the men and for female. Note the examples:
      • a blond boy
      • (um menino loiro )
      • a blond girl
      • (uma menina loira )
      • Position of Adjectives
      • Unlike Adverbs , which often seem capable of popping up almost anywhere in a sentence, adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify. Sometimes they appear in a string of adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category.
    • (See Below .) When indefinite pronouns — such as something, someone, anybody — are modified by an adjective, the adjective comes after the pronoun:
      • Anyone capable of doing something horrible to someone nice should be punished. Something wicked this way comes. And there are certain adjectives that, in combination with certain words, are always "postpositive“.
      • old house
      • beautiful and tall girl
      • intelligent boy
      • big tree
      • excellent and punctual teacher
      • fast and red car
      • blue eyes
      • beautiful pink flowers.
      • Adjectives can express degrees of modification:
      • Gladys is a rich woman, but Josie is richer than Gladys, and Sadie is the richest woman in town.
      • The degrees of comparison are known as the positive , the comparative , and the superlative . (Actually, only the comparative and superlative show degrees.) We use the comparative for comparing two things and the superlative for comparing three or more things.
      Degrees of Adjectives
      • Notice that the word than frequently accompanies the comparative and the word the precedes the superlative. The inflected suffixes -er and -est suffice to form most comparatives and superlatives, although we need -ier and -iest when a two-syllable adjective ends in y (happier and happiest); otherwise we use more and most when an adjective has more than one syllable.
    • Positive Comparative Superlative rich richer richest lovely lovelier loveliest beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
    • Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees: Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms: good better best bad worse worst little less least much many some more most far further furthest
    • Premodifiers with Degrees of Adjectives
      • Both adverbs and adjectives in their comparative and superlative forms can be accompanied by premodifiers, single words and phrases, that intensify the degree.
      • We were a lot more careful this time.
      • He works a lot less carefully than the other jeweler in town.
      • We like his work so much better .
      • You'll get your watch back all the faster .
      • The same process can be used to downplay the degree:
      • The weather this week has been somewhat better .
      • He approaches his schoolwork a little less industriously than his brother does.
      • And sometimes a set phrase, usually an informal noun phrase, is used for this purpose:
      • He arrived a whole lot sooner than we expected.
      • That's a heck of a lot better .
      • If the intensifier very accompanies the superlative, a determiner is also required:
      • She is wearing her very finest outfit for the interview.
      • They're doing the very best they can.
      • He is tired and hungry . ( Ele está cansado e faminto ).
      • She is tall and blond . ( Ela é alta e loira ).
      When there are two adjectives:
      • When there are three or more adjectives:
      • He is tired , hungry and sad . ( Ele está cansado , faminto e triste) .
      • She is tall , blond and nice . ( Ela é alta , loira e simpática) .
      • The player's performance was fascinating . ( O desempenho do jogador foi fascinante ) .
      • They were fascinated by the player's performance. ( Eles ficaram fascinados com o desempenho do jogador).
      • I don't understand these confusing rules. ( Não consigo entender estas regras confusas ) .
      • I was confused about the rules. ( Fiquei confuso com relação às regras).
      • The movie is interesting . (O filme é interessante ) .
    • The brazilian are makeing from the mistures and cultures . Morphologic Analysis: Mistures : adjective Are: adverb Cultures : adjective Makeing: verb The: article From: preposition Brazilian: noun And: conjunction
    • Syntactic Analysis: Mistures : adjective adnominal Brazilian: subject Cultures : adjective adnominal Are: adjunct adverbial The: adjective adnominal From the mistures ande cultures: predicate
    • Morphologic Analysis: Os brasileiros são feitos de misturas e culturas . Misturas : adjetivo Feitos: verbo Culturas : adjetivo Brasileiros: substantivo Os: artigo De: preposição São: advérbio E: conjunção
    • Os brasileiros são feitos de misturas e culturas . Syntactic Analysis: Misturas : adjunto nominal São feitos de misturas e culturas:predicado Culturas : adjunto nominal São: adjunto adverbial Os: adjunto adnominal Brasileiros: sujeito
    • Group: Carmen, Evelyn, Valentina , Thaís* e Patrícia * Class: 215