Occupational Safety And Health


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Occupational Safety And Health

  1. 1. Occupational Safety And Health (OSH) OSH is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goals of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and health work environment. OSH may also protect co- workers, family, members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment.
  2. 2. Workplace Hazards  Physical and Mechanical hazards -Falls -Burn -Cut -Shear -Stab -Wound -Noise
  3. 3. Workplace Hazards  Biological Hazards -Bacteria -Virus -Fungi -Blood-borne pathogens -Tuberculosis
  4. 4. Workplace Hazards  Chemical Hazards -Acids -Bases -Petroleum -Asbestos and other fine dust -Fumes -Highly-reactive chemicals
  5. 5. Workplace Hazards  Psychological and Social Hazards -Stress -Violence -Bullying -Sexual Harassment -Mobbing -Burnout
  6. 6. Workplace Hazards • Other Hazards Alcoholism and substance abuse  Dealing with substance abuse  Workplace substance abuse and the law  Legal risks Job stress and burnout  Reducing job stress  Burnout  Research insight Violence at workplace.
  7. 7. Accident ReportAccident Report ProcedureProcedure
  8. 8. Workplace HazardWorkplace Hazard OccurrenceOccurrence
  9. 9. StressStress Stress represent anything that poses threatStress represent anything that poses threat to our well-being.to our well-being. Signs-Signs-  Frequent headachesFrequent headaches  Insomnia, nightmares, disturbing dreamsInsomnia, nightmares, disturbing dreams  Chest painChest pain  Excess anxiety, worry, guilt, nervousnessExcess anxiety, worry, guilt, nervousness
  10. 10. Reducing Job StressReducing Job Stress  Take a walkTake a walk  Reduce unnecessary noiseReduce unnecessary noise  Reduce trivia in your job - delegateReduce trivia in your job - delegate  Limit interruptionsLimit interruptions  Distasteful problemsDistasteful problems  Make a “worry list” – include solutions.Make a “worry list” – include solutions.
  11. 11. BurnoutBurnout Burnout is the total depletion of physical andBurnout is the total depletion of physical and mental resources caused by excessive strivingmental resources caused by excessive striving to reach an unrealistic work-related goal.to reach an unrealistic work-related goal. Signs-Signs-  Identification with your activitiesIdentification with your activities  Meaningless advancement goalsMeaningless advancement goals  WorkaholicWorkaholic  Inability to relaxInability to relax
  12. 12. Things To Do To AvoidThings To Do To Avoid BurnoutBurnout  Break your patternsBreak your patterns  Get away from it all periodicallyGet away from it all periodically  Reassess your goals in terms of theirReassess your goals in terms of their intrinsic worthintrinsic worth  Think about your workThink about your work
  13. 13. Dealing with SubstanceDealing with Substance AbuseAbuse
  14. 14. Elements of an HIV/AIDSElements of an HIV/AIDS PolicyPolicy  The rights of workers with HIV/AIDS to reasonable accommodation regarding their schedule or duties  The continuation of health benefits or access to group coverage  The protection of confidentiality about a person’s HIV status  The protection of people with HIV/AIDS from harassment and discrimination  The prohibition of HIV testing for workers  The right of all workers to a safe and healthy workplace
  15. 15. Dealing With Violence atDealing With Violence at WorkWork  Steps to Reduce Workplace Violence:Steps to Reduce Workplace Violence:  Institute heightened security measuresInstitute heightened security measures  Provide workplace violence trainingProvide workplace violence training  Provide organizational justiceProvide organizational justice  Pay enhanced attention to employeePay enhanced attention to employee retention/dismissalretention/dismissal  Deal promptly with angry employeesDeal promptly with angry employees  Understand the legal constraints onUnderstand the legal constraints on reducing workplace violence.reducing workplace violence.
  16. 16. Dealing With AnDealing With An AngryAngry EmployeeEmployee • Make eye contact And listenMake eye contact And listen • Full attentionFull attention • Calm voice – be relaxedCalm voice – be relaxed • Open and honestOpen and honest • Let person have his or her sayLet person have his or her say • Specific examplesSpecific examples • Carefully define the problemCarefully define the problem • Explore all sides of the issue.Explore all sides of the issue.
  17. 17. Controlling Workers’Controlling Workers’ Compensation CostsCompensation Costs  Before the AccidentBefore the Accident  Communicate written safety and substanceCommunicate written safety and substance abuse policies to workersabuse policies to workers  After the AccidentAfter the Accident  Be proactive in providing first aid, and makeBe proactive in providing first aid, and make sure the worker gets quick medical attention.sure the worker gets quick medical attention.  Make it clear that you are interested in theMake it clear that you are interested in the injured workerinjured worker  Encourage a speedy return to work.Encourage a speedy return to work.
  18. 18. Responsibilities ofResponsibilities of Employers andEmployers and EmployeesEmployees EmployersEmployers  Provide hazard-free workplaceProvide hazard-free workplace  Can seek consulting help andCan seek consulting help and identificationidentification  Can’t punish employeeCan’t punish employee  EmployeesEmployees  Comply with standardsComply with standards  Report problems to supervisorsReport problems to supervisors  Can demand safety.Can demand safety.
  19. 19. ConclusionConclusion Safety is very important due to theSafety is very important due to the staggering number of deaths and accidentsstaggering number of deaths and accidents occurring at work. Supervisors play a keyoccurring at work. Supervisors play a key role in monitoring workers for safety.role in monitoring workers for safety. Prevent accidents by reducing unsafePrevent accidents by reducing unsafe conditions and reducing unsafe acts.conditions and reducing unsafe acts.
  20. 20. THANK YOU