Occupational Safety And
OSH is a cross-disciplinary area concerned
with protecting the safety, health and welfare
of people engaged in work or employment.
The goals of occupational safety and health
programs include to foster a safe and health
work environment. OSH may also protect co-
workers, family, members, employers,
customers, and many others who might be
affected by the workplace environment.
-Asbestos and other fine dust
Psychological and Social Hazards
• Other Hazards
Alcoholism and substance abuse
Dealing with substance abuse
Workplace substance abuse and the law
Job stress and burnout
Reducing job stress
Violence at workplace.
Reducing Job StressReducing Job Stress
Take a walkTake a walk
Reduce unnecessary noiseReduce unnecessary noise
Reduce trivia in your job - delegateReduce trivia in your job - delegate
Limit interruptionsLimit interruptions
Distasteful problemsDistasteful problems
Make a “worry list” – include solutions.Make a “worry list” – include solutions.
Burnout is the total depletion of physical andBurnout is the total depletion of physical and
mental resources caused by excessive strivingmental resources caused by excessive striving
to reach an unrealistic work-related goal.to reach an unrealistic work-related goal.
Identification with your activitiesIdentification with your activities
Meaningless advancement goalsMeaningless advancement goals
Inability to relaxInability to relax
Things To Do To AvoidThings To Do To Avoid
Break your patternsBreak your patterns
Get away from it all periodicallyGet away from it all periodically
Reassess your goals in terms of theirReassess your goals in terms of their
intrinsic worthintrinsic worth
Think about your workThink about your work
Dealing with SubstanceDealing with Substance
Elements of an HIV/AIDSElements of an HIV/AIDS
The rights of workers with HIV/AIDS to reasonable
accommodation regarding their schedule or duties
The continuation of health benefits or access to group
The protection of confidentiality about a person’s HIV
The protection of people with HIV/AIDS from
harassment and discrimination
The prohibition of HIV testing for workers
The right of all workers to a safe and healthy
Dealing With Violence atDealing With Violence at
Steps to Reduce Workplace Violence:Steps to Reduce Workplace Violence:
Institute heightened security measuresInstitute heightened security measures
Provide workplace violence trainingProvide workplace violence training
Provide organizational justiceProvide organizational justice
Pay enhanced attention to employeePay enhanced attention to employee
Deal promptly with angry employeesDeal promptly with angry employees
Understand the legal constraints onUnderstand the legal constraints on
reducing workplace violence.reducing workplace violence.
Dealing With AnDealing With An
• Make eye contact And listenMake eye contact And listen
• Full attentionFull attention
• Calm voice – be relaxedCalm voice – be relaxed
• Open and honestOpen and honest
• Let person have his or her sayLet person have his or her say
• Specific examplesSpecific examples
• Carefully define the problemCarefully define the problem
• Explore all sides of the issue.Explore all sides of the issue.
Controlling Workers’Controlling Workers’
Compensation CostsCompensation Costs
Before the AccidentBefore the Accident
Communicate written safety and substanceCommunicate written safety and substance
abuse policies to workersabuse policies to workers
After the AccidentAfter the Accident
Be proactive in providing first aid, and makeBe proactive in providing first aid, and make
sure the worker gets quick medical attention.sure the worker gets quick medical attention.
Make it clear that you are interested in theMake it clear that you are interested in the
injured workerinjured worker
Encourage a speedy return to work.Encourage a speedy return to work.
Responsibilities ofResponsibilities of
Employers andEmployers and
Provide hazard-free workplaceProvide hazard-free workplace
Can seek consulting help andCan seek consulting help and
Can’t punish employeeCan’t punish employee
Comply with standardsComply with standards
Report problems to supervisorsReport problems to supervisors
Can demand safety.Can demand safety.
Safety is very important due to theSafety is very important due to the
staggering number of deaths and accidentsstaggering number of deaths and accidents
occurring at work. Supervisors play a keyoccurring at work. Supervisors play a key
role in monitoring workers for safety.role in monitoring workers for safety.
Prevent accidents by reducing unsafePrevent accidents by reducing unsafe
conditions and reducing unsafe acts.conditions and reducing unsafe acts.