'Wh'-words

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'Wh'-words

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'Wh'-words

  1. 1. ‘ W h’-words
  2. 2. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘who’, ‘whom’, or ‘whose’ in questions about people. ‘Who’ is used to ask questions about the subject or the object of a verb, or about the object or preposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Who discovered this? </li></ul><ul><li>Who did he marry? </li></ul><ul><li>Who did you dance with? </li></ul>
  3. 3. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>I n formal English, ‘whom’ is used as the object of a verb or preposition. The preposition always comes in front of ‘whom’. </li></ul><ul><li>Whom did you see? </li></ul><ul><li>For whom were they supposed to do it? </li></ul>
  4. 4. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘whose’ to ask which person something belongs to or is related to. ‘Whose’ can be the subject or object. </li></ul><ul><li>Whose is nearer? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose did you prefer, hers or mine? </li></ul>
  5. 5. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘which’ to ask about one person or thing out of a number of people or things. ‘Which’ can be the subject or object. </li></ul><ul><li>Which is your son? </li></ul><ul><li>Which does she want? </li></ul>
  6. 6. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘what’ to ask about things, for example about actions and events. ‘What’ can be the subject or object. </li></ul><ul><li>What has happened to him? </li></ul><ul><li>What is he selling? </li></ul><ul><li>What will you talk about? </li></ul>
  7. 7. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘what … for’ to ask about the reason for an action, or the purpose of an object. </li></ul><ul><li>What are you going there for ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are those lights for ? </li></ul>
  8. 8. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘how’ to ask about the way in which something happens or is done. </li></ul><ul><li>How did you know we were coming? </li></ul><ul><li>How are you going to get home? </li></ul>
  9. 9. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou also use ‘how’ to ask about the way a person or thing feels or looks. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ How are you?’ - ‘Well, how do I look?’ </li></ul>
  10. 10. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>‘ H ow’ is also used: </li></ul><ul><li>with adjectives to ask about the degree of a quality that someone or something has </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How good are you at Maths? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How hot shall I make the curry? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>‘ H ow’ is also used: </li></ul><ul><li>with adjectives such as ‘big’, ‘old’ and ‘far’ to ask about size, age, and distance </li></ul><ul><li>How old are your children? </li></ul><ul><li>How far is Montreal from here? </li></ul><ul><li>Note: You do not normally use ‘How small’, ‘How young’, or ‘How near’. </li></ul>
  12. 12. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>‘ H ow’ is also used: </li></ul><ul><li>with adverbs such as ‘long’ and ‘often’ to ask about time, or ‘well’ to ask about abilities </li></ul><ul><li>How long have you lived there? </li></ul><ul><li>How well can you read? </li></ul>
  13. 13. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>‘ H ow’ is also used: </li></ul><ul><li>with ‘many’ and ‘much’ to ask about the number or amount of something </li></ul><ul><li>How many were there? </li></ul><ul><li>How much did he tell you? </li></ul>
  14. 14. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou use ‘when’ to ask about points in time or periods of time, ‘why’ to ask about the reason for an action, and ‘where’ to ask about place and direction. </li></ul><ul><li>When are you coming home? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are you here? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the station? </li></ul>
  15. 15. ‘ W h’-words <ul><li>Y ou can also ask about direction using ‘which direction … in’ or ‘which way’. </li></ul><ul><li>Which direction did he go in ? </li></ul><ul><li>Which way did he go? </li></ul>
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