‘There’ as Impersonal Subject‘There’ is often an adverb of place.Are you comfortable there?The book is there on the table.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectYou can also use ‘there’ as the impersonalsubject of a sentence when it does not referto a place. In this case you use ‘there’ tointroduce new information and to focus uponit. After ‘there’ you use a form of ‘be’ and anoun group.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectThere is work to be done.There will be a party tonight.There was no damage.There have been two telephone calls.Note: The impersonal subject ‘there’ is oftenpronounced without stress, whereas theadverb is almost always stressed.
‘There’ as Impersonal Subject You use ‘there’ as the impersonal subject to talk about:• the existence or presence of someone or something. There are two people who might know what happened. There is plenty of bread.
‘There’ as Impersonal Subject• something that happens There was a general election that year. There’ s a meeting every week. There was a fierce battle.
‘There’ as Impersonal Subject• a number or amount There are forty of us, I think. There is a great deal of anger about his decision. There were a lot of people camped there.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectWhen the noun group after the verb is plural,you use a plural verb.There are many reasons for this.There were two men in the room.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectYou also use a plural verb before phrasessuch as ‘a number (of)’, ‘a lot (of)’, and ‘a few(of)’.There were a lot of people camped there.There are only a few left.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectWhen the noun group after the verb issingular or uncountable, you use a singularverb.There is one point we must add here.There isn’ t enough room in here.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectYou also use a singular verb when you arementioning more than one person or thingand the first noun after the verb is singular oruncountable.There was a man and a woman.There was a sofa and two chairs.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectYou can also use ‘there’ with a modal,followed by ‘be’ or ‘have been’.There could be a problem.There should be a change in government.There can’ t have been anybody outside.There must have been some mistake.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectIn spoken and informal written English, shortforms of ‘be’ or a modal are normally usedafter ‘there’.There’ s no danger.There’ ll always be a future for music.I knew there’ d be trouble.I didn’ t know there’ d been a murder.
‘There’ as Impersonal SubjectYou can also use ‘there’ with ‘appear’ or‘seem’, followed by ‘to be’ or ‘to have been’.There appears to be a vast amount ofconfusion on this point.There don’ t seem to be many people oncampus.