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The Verb Group
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The verb group

The verb group

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  • 1. The Verb Group
  • 2. The Verb Group• The verb group in a clause is used to say what is happening in an action or situation.• You usually put the verb group immediately after the subject.• The verb group always includes a main verb. I waited. They killed the elephants.
  • 3. The Verb Group• Regular verbs have four forms: – The base form – The third person singular form of the present simple – The ‘-ing’ form of the present participle – The ‘-ed’ form used for the past simple and the past participle ask > asks > asking > asked try > tries > trying > tried
  • 4. The Verb Group• Irregular verbs have three forms, four forms, or five forms – cost > costs > costing – think > thinks > thinking > thought – swim > swims > swimming > swam > swum Note: ‘be’ has eight forms. – be > am/is/are > being > was/were > been
  • 5. The Verb Group• The main verb can have one or two auxiliaries in front of it. I had met him in London. The car was being repaired.
  • 6. The Verb Group• The main verb can have a modal in front of it. You can go now. I would like to ask you a question.
  • 7. The Verb Group• The main verb can have a modal and one or two auxiliaries in front of it. I could have spent the whole year on it. She would have been delighted to see you.
  • 8. The Verb Group• In negative clauses, you have to use a modal or auxiliary and put ‘not’ after the first word of the verb group. He does not speak English very well. I was not smiling. It could not have been wrong. Note: You often use short forms rather than ‘not’. I didn’ t know that.
  • 9. The Verb Group• In ‘yes/no’ questions, you have to put an auxiliary or modal first, then the subject, then the rest of the verb group. Did you meet George? Couldn’ t you have been a bit quieter?
  • 10. The Verb Group• In ‘wh’-questions, you have to put the verb group first. If the ‘wh’-word is the subject, you put the verb group next. Which came first? Who could have done it?
  • 11. The Verb Group• If the ‘wh’- word is the object or the adverbial, you must use an auxiliary or a modal next, then the subject, then the rest of the verb group. What did you do? Where could she be going?
  • 12. The Verb Group• Some verb groups have an object or two objects after them. He closed the door. She sends you her love.
  • 13. The Verb Group• Verb groups invloving linking verbs, such as ‘be’ have a complement after them. They were sailors. She felt happy.
  • 14. The Verb Group• Some verb groups have an adverbial after them. We walked through the park. She put the letter on the table.
  • 15. Questions?For more slide presentations visit: