The Noun Phrase


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The noun phrase

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The Noun Phrase

  1. 1. The Noun Phrase
  2. 2. The Noun Phrase A noun phrase is a group of words with a noun as its main part. Information about the noun can come before the noun or after the noun.
  3. 3. The Noun Phrase Information that comes before the noun in a noun phrase is usually expressed through: • Determiners this horrible rubbish • Adjectives and adverbs a rich habitat
  4. 4. The Noun Phrase Information that comes after a noun is usually expressed through: • Prepositional phrases: an abundance of creatures • Past participle clauses: the rubbish contained in the harbor
  5. 5. The Noun Phrase • Present participle (-ing) clauses: the rubbish lying at the bottom of the harbor • To-infinitive clauses: a decision to expand
  6. 6. Noun + Prepositional Phrase We can add information after a noun by using a prepositional phrase. Common prepositions in these phrases are of, in, for, on, to, with: possible sites with submerged rubbish a rich habitat for an abundance of creatures
  7. 7. Noun + Prepositional Phrase Of is the most common preposition used in prepositional noun phrases. It is used after nouns of quantity or containers: an abundance of fish (quantity) a packet of biscuits (container)
  8. 8. Noun + Prepositional Phrase We also use of to show belonging or possession: the rubble of the past (not the past’s rubble) particular areas of the harbor
  9. 9. Noun + Prepositional Phrase We often use at, in and on to talk about physical location: this rubbish is lying at the bottom of the harbour different species living in Sydney Harbor
  10. 10. Noun + Prepositional Phrase Prepositional phrases containing with often express the same information as a relative clause with the main verb have: harbor sites with submerged rubbish (= harbor sites which have submerged rubbish)
  11. 11. Noun + Past Participle Clause A past participle clause gives the same information as a relative clause with a passive verb. all of the rubbish contained in the harbor (= rubbish which is contained in the harbor)
  12. 12. Noun + Past Participle Clause Note In both spoken and written English using a noun + past participle is more common than the equivalent relative clause because it can express the same information in fewer words.
  13. 13. Noun + Present Participle (-ing) Clause A present participle clause can give the same information as a relative clause with an active verb, often in the present or past continuous: the other debris lying on the sea floor (= the other debris which is lying on the sea floor)
  14. 14. Noun + Present Participle (-ing) Clause Note The noun + present participle clause is also more common than the equivalent relative clause.
  15. 15. Noun + to-infinitive Clause To-infinite clauses are used to show a purpose or intention and usually follow nouns of time, place manner and quantity: time to go the place to visit a way to look at it
  16. 16. Noun + to-infinitive Clause Nouns followed by the to-infinitive are related to verbs also followed by the to infinitive (e.g. decide/decision; plan/plan): a decision to expand (decide to) our plan to build a new hospital (plan to)
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