The Imperative and 'Let'

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The imperative and 'let'

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The Imperative and 'Let'

  1. 1. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’
  2. 2. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>T he imperative is the same as the base of a verb. You do not use a pronoun in front of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Come to my place. </li></ul><ul><li>Start when you hear the bell. </li></ul>
  3. 3. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Y ou form a negative imperative by putting ‘do not’, ‘don’t’, or ‘never’ in front of the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not write in this book. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t go so fast. </li></ul><ul><li>Never open the front door to strangers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Y ou use the imperative when you are: </li></ul><ul><li>asking or telling someone to do something </li></ul><ul><li>Pass the salt. </li></ul><ul><li>Hurry up! </li></ul>
  5. 5. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>giving someone advice or a warning </li></ul><ul><li>Mind your head. </li></ul><ul><li>Take care! </li></ul>
  6. 6. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>giving someone instructions on how to do something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Put this bit over here, so it fits into that hole. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn right on Broadway into Caxton Street. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>W hen you want to make an imperative more polite or more emphatic, you can put ‘do’ in front of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Do have a chocolate biscuit. </li></ul><ul><li>Do stop crying. </li></ul><ul><li>Do be careful. </li></ul>
  8. 8. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>T he imperative is also use in written instructions on how to do something, for example on notices and packets of food, and in books. </li></ul><ul><li>To report faults, dial 6666. </li></ul><ul><li>Store in a dry place. </li></ul><ul><li>Fry the chopped onion and pepper in the oil. </li></ul>
  9. 9. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Note: written instructions usually have to be short. This means that words such as ‘the’ are often omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear rubber gloves. Turn off switch. </li></ul><ul><li>W ritten imperatives are also used to give warnings. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce speed now. </li></ul>
  10. 10. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘let me’ followed by the base form of a verb when you are offering to do something for someone. </li></ul><ul><li>Let me take your coat. </li></ul><ul><li>Let me give you a few details. </li></ul>
  11. 11. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Y ou use ‘let’s’ followed by a base form of a verb when you are suggesting what you and someone else should do. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s go outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s look at our map. </li></ul>
  12. 12. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Note: The form ‘let us’ is only used in formal or written English. </li></ul><ul><li>Let us consider a very simple example. </li></ul>
  13. 13. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Y ou put ‘do’ before ‘let’s’ when you are very keen to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>Do let’s get a taxi. </li></ul><ul><li>T he negative of ‘let’s’ is ‘let’s not’ or ‘don’t let’s’. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s not talk about that. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let’s actually write it in the book. </li></ul>
  14. 14. T he I mperative and ‘ L et’ <ul><li>Y ou put ‘let’ followed by a noun group and the base form of a verb when you are telling someone to do something or to allow someone else to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>Let me see it. </li></ul><ul><li>Let Philip have a look at it. </li></ul>
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