Reflexive PronounsNote: Unlike ‘you’ and ‘your’, there are twoforms for the second person: ‘yourself’ in thesingular and ‘yourselves’ in the plural.
Reflexive PronounsYou use reflexive pronouns as the direct orindirect object of the verb when you want tosay that the object is the same person orthing as the subject of the verb in the sameclause.For example, ‘John taught himself’ means thatJohn did the teaching and was also theperson who was taught.
Reflexive Pronouns‘Ann poured herself a drink’ means that Anndid the pouring and was also the person thedrink was poured for.
Reflexive PronounsShe stretched herself out on the sofa.The men formed themselves into a line.He should give himself more time.
Reflexive PronounsNote: Although the subject ‘you’ is omitted inimperatives, you can still use ‘yourself’ or‘yourselves’.Here’s the money, go and buy yourself an icecream.
Reflexive PronounsMost transitive verbs can take a reflexivepronoun.I blame myself for not paying attention.He introduced himself to me.
Reflexive PronounsWARNING: Verbs which describe actions thatpeople normally do to themselves do not takereflexive pronouns in English, although theydo in some other languages.I usually shave before breakfast.I washed very quickly and rushed downstairs.
Reflexive PronounsYou use a reflexive pronoun as the object of apreposition when the object of the prepositionrefers to the same person or thing as thesubject of the verb in the same clause.I was thoroughly ashamed of myself.They are making fools of themselves.Tell me about yourself.
Reflexive PronounsNote: You use personal pronouns, notreflexive pronouns, when referring to placesand after ‘with’ meaning ‘accompanied by’.You should have your notes in front of you.He would have to bring Judy with him.
Reflexive PronounsYou use reflexive pronouns after nouns orpronouns to emphasize that someone didsomething without any help from anyone else.She had printed the card herself.I’ll take it down to the police station myself.Did you make these yourself?
Reflexive Pronouns You use reflexive pronouns with ‘by’ to say:• that someone does something without help from other people … when babies start eating their meals by themselves. She was sure she could manage by herself.
Reflexive Pronouns You use reflexive pronouns with ‘by’ to say:• that someone is alone. He went off to sit by himself. I was there for six months by myself.
Reflexive PronounsYou can also use ‘on my own’, ‘on your own’,and so on, to say to say that someone isalone or does something without any help.We were in the park on our own.They managed to reach the village on theirown.
Reflexive PronounsYou can use ‘all’ for emphasis.Did you put those shelves up all by yourself?We can’t solve those problems all on ourown.WARNING: ‘One another’ and ‘each other’are not reflexive pronouns.