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Referencing in academic writing

Referencing in academic writing

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Referencing Referencing Presentation Transcript

  • R eferencing
  • R eferencing
    • T he purpose of a reference list is to supply the information needed to allow a reader to find a source.
    • A uthors appear in alphabetical order in the reference list.
  • R eferencing
    • S ome popular referencing methods are:
      • the Vancouver system
      • the MLA
      • the APA style
      • the Harvard system
    • Note: there is no definitive version of the Harvard system and universities use their own varieties.
  • R eferencing
    • Note:
    • It is important to check which system is used by your department but also by individual lecturers. Handbooks supplied by your subject leaders usually provide a reference guide.
  • R eferencing
    • E xamples of the Harvard system style
    • T he way the reference is written differs depending on the source
    • T he order in which the referencing information appears is important
    • C ommas and full stops are important
  • T extbook (1)
    • Martin, G.N., Carlson, N.R. and Buskist, W. (2007) Psychology (3rd edn.). Harlow: Pearson Education.
    • S urname of author and author’s initial (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)
    • Y ear of publication in brackets
    • T itle of the book in italics
  • T extbook (2)
    • Martin, G.N., Carlson, N.R. and Buskist, W. (2007) Psychology (3rd edn.). Harlow: Pearson Education.
    • E dition number in brackets if applicable (e.g. 3rd edn)
    • P ublishing location
    • P ublisher’s name
  • A text from an edited collection (1)
    • Thomas, H.S.C. (2008). ‘Biogeographical concepts’. In J. Holden, (Ed.), Physical Geography and the Environment (2nd edn), pp. 39-64. Harlow: Pearson Education.
    • S urname of author of chapter and author’s initial (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)
    • Y ear of publication in brackets
    • T itle of chapter in quotation marks
    • I nitial and surname of editor of book followed by (ed.)
  • A text from an edited collection (2)
    • Thomas, H.S.C. (2008). ‘Biogeographical concepts’. In J. Holden, (Ed.), Physical Geography and the Environment (2nd edn), pp. 39-64. Harlow: Pearson Education.
    • T itle of the book in italics
    • E dition number in brackets (if applicable)
    • P ublishing location
    • P ublisher’s name
  • J ournal A rticle (1)
    • Woodward-Kron, R. (2002) ‘Critical analysis versus description? Examining the relationship in successful student writing’. Journal of English for Academic Purposes , 1, 121-143.
    • S urname of the author of the chapter and author’s initial (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)
    • Y ear of publication in brackets
    • T itle of the journal in quotation marks
  • J ournal A rticle (2)
    • Woodward-Kron, R. (2002) ‘Critical analysis versus description? Examining the relationship in successful student writing’. Journal of English for Academic Purposes , 1 , 121-143.
    • T itle of the journal in italics
    • V olume number in italics
    • P age numbers of the article
  • N ewspaper A rticle
    • Curtis, P. (2008). ‘University entrants hit record high.’ The Guardian , 22 August, p.4.
    • S urname of the author and author’s initial
    • Y ear of publication in brackets
    • T itle of the article in quotation marks
    • N ame of the newspaper in italics
    • D ay and month of article
    • P age number of the article
  • W ebsite A rticle (1)
    • Harnack, A. and Kleppinger, E. (2003) Online! A reference guide to using internet sources. Retreived, August 22, 2008 from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/cite6.html#1
    • S urname of author and author’s initial (if available) (this information is repeated for each of the co-authors)
    • Y ear of publication in brackets
    • T itle of complete work in italics
  • W ebsite A rticle (2)
    • Harnack, A. and Kleppinger, E. (2003) Online! A reference guide to using internet sources. Retreived, August 22, 2008 from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online/cite6.html#1
    • O ther relevant information (volume number, page numbers, etc., if available)
    • F ull date article was accessed
    • U RL
  • E ncyclopedia or D ictionary
    • Longman dictionary of contemporary English (1978) London: Longman
    • T itle of publication
    • D ate
    • P ublishing location
    • P ublisher
  • Q uestions? For more slide presentations visit:
  • This presentations was based on S uccessful A cademic W riting by Andy Gillett, Angela Hammond & Mary Martala