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Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
 

Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)

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Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)

Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)

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    Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline) Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline) Presentation Transcript

    • E ssay S tructure ( I ntroduction and O utline)
    • B asic E ssay S tructure (Logical Division of Ideas)
      • I ntroduction
      • B ody Paragraphs
      • C onclusion
    • T he I ntroduction
      • A n introductory paragraph has 2 parts:
        • G eneral statement
          • Introduce the general topic of the essay.
          • Capture the reader’s interest.
        • T hesis statement
          • States the specific topic.
          • May list subtopics or subdivisions.
          • May indicate the pattern of organization.
          • Is normally the last sentence in the introductory paragraph.
        • A conclusion (concluding paragraph)
    • T ypes of I ntroductions
      • F unnel I ntroduction:
      • B egins with one or two general sentences about the topic.
      • S entences become increasingly focused on the topic.
      • E nds with your thesis statement.
    • T ypes of I ntroductions
      • F unnel I ntroduction:
    • T ypes of I ntroductions
      • A ttention G etting I ntroductions:
      • D ramatic, Interesting, or Funny Story
      • S urprising Statistics or Facts
      • H istorical Background
    • T hesis S tatement
      • T he T hesis S tatement:
      • I s the most important sentence in the introduction.
      • S tates the specific topic of the essay.
      • S ometimes lists the subtopics that will be discussed in the body.
      • S ometimes indicates the pattern of organization that the essay will follow.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • I s the most important sentence in the
      • introduction.
      • N ative Americans have made many valuable contributions to modern U.S. culture.
      • T he large movement of people from rural to urban areas has major effects on cities.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • S ometimes lists the subtopics that will be
      • discussed in the body.
      • N ative Americans have made many valuable contributions to modern U.S. culture, particularly in the areas of language, art, food, and government.
      • T he large movement of people from rural to urban areas has major effects on a city’s ability to provide housing, employment, and adequate sanitation services.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • S ometimes indicates the pattern of
      • organization that the essay will follow.
      • W hen buying a used car, use these four
      • strategies to get the best price.
      • T here are several differences between a nurse practitioner and a physician’s assistant.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • C ommon T hesis S tatement P itfalls.
      • P roblem 1: T he thesis is too general.
      • P roblem 2: T he thesis makes a simple announcement.
      • P roblem 3: T he thesis states an obvious fact.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • T he thesis is too general.
      • T oo general: A college education is a good investment.
      • I mproved: A college education is a good investment for four reasons.
      • T oo general: L asers are very useful.
      • I mproved: L asers have several applications in industry and medicine.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • T he thesis makes a simple
      • announcement.
      • A nnouncement: I am going to write about sports injuries.
      • I mproved: A void sports injuries by taking a few simple precautions.
    • T hesis S tatement:
      • T he thesis states an obvious fact.
      • O bvious fact: T he internet is a communication superhighway.
      • I mproved: T he explosion of the internet has had both positive and negative consequences.
    • L ogical D ivision of I deas
      • K eys to a logical division of ideas:
      • D ivide your topic into subtopic and discuss each subtopic in a separate paragraph.
      • W rite a thesis statement that indicates a logical division.
      • U se transitions between paragraphs to guide
      • your reader from one reader to the next.
    • L ogical D ivision of I deas
      • G ood T hesis S tatements:
      • N ative Americans have made valuable
      • contributions to modern U.S. culture in
      • four main areas.
      • N ative Americans have made valuable
      • contributions to modern U.S. culture,
      • particularly in the areas of language , art , food
      • and government .
    • T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
      • L inking paragraphs with transitions helps
      • your reader to see how subtopics are
      • related. Transitions may be:
      • A single word
      • A phrase
      • A dependent clause that repeats or summarizesthe preceding paragraph.
    • T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
      • T ransition Words
      • O ne way an angry driver may react is to
      • cut off another motorist. (+ supporting
      • sentences)
      • A nother way is to tailgate the other car.
      • (+supporting sentences)
    • T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
      • T ransition P hrases
      • I n addition to cutting off and tailgating
      • other cars , aggressive drivers often use
      • rude language or gestures to show their
      • Anger. (+ supporting sentences)
    • T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
      • T ransition C lauses
      • A lthough law enforcement authorities warn
      • motorists against aggressive driving , the
      • number who act out their angry impulses has
      • not declined. (+ supporting sentences)
    • Q uestions? For more slide presentations visit: