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  • 1. E ssay S tructure ( I ntroduction and O utline)
  • 2. B asic E ssay S tructure (Logical Division of Ideas)
    • I ntroduction
    • B ody Paragraphs
    • C onclusion
  • 3. T he I ntroduction
    • A n introductory paragraph has 2 parts:
      • G eneral statement
        • Introduce the general topic of the essay.
        • Capture the reader’s interest.
      • T hesis statement
        • States the specific topic.
        • May list subtopics or subdivisions.
        • May indicate the pattern of organization.
        • Is normally the last sentence in the introductory paragraph.
      • A conclusion (concluding paragraph)
  • 4. T ypes of I ntroductions
    • F unnel I ntroduction:
    • B egins with one or two general sentences about the topic.
    • S entences become increasingly focused on the topic.
    • E nds with your thesis statement.
  • 5. T ypes of I ntroductions
    • F unnel I ntroduction:
  • 6. T ypes of I ntroductions
    • A ttention G etting I ntroductions:
    • D ramatic, Interesting, or Funny Story
    • S urprising Statistics or Facts
    • H istorical Background
  • 7. T hesis S tatement
    • T he T hesis S tatement:
    • I s the most important sentence in the introduction.
    • S tates the specific topic of the essay.
    • S ometimes lists the subtopics that will be discussed in the body.
    • S ometimes indicates the pattern of organization that the essay will follow.
  • 8. T hesis S tatement:
    • I s the most important sentence in the
    • introduction.
    • N ative Americans have made many valuable contributions to modern U.S. culture.
    • T he large movement of people from rural to urban areas has major effects on cities.
  • 9. T hesis S tatement:
    • S ometimes lists the subtopics that will be
    • discussed in the body.
    • N ative Americans have made many valuable contributions to modern U.S. culture, particularly in the areas of language, art, food, and government.
    • T he large movement of people from rural to urban areas has major effects on a city’s ability to provide housing, employment, and adequate sanitation services.
  • 10. T hesis S tatement:
    • S ometimes indicates the pattern of
    • organization that the essay will follow.
    • W hen buying a used car, use these four
    • strategies to get the best price.
    • T here are several differences between a nurse practitioner and a physician’s assistant.
  • 11. T hesis S tatement:
    • C ommon T hesis S tatement P itfalls.
    • P roblem 1: T he thesis is too general.
    • P roblem 2: T he thesis makes a simple announcement.
    • P roblem 3: T he thesis states an obvious fact.
  • 12. T hesis S tatement:
    • T he thesis is too general.
    • T oo general: A college education is a good investment.
    • I mproved: A college education is a good investment for four reasons.
    • T oo general: L asers are very useful.
    • I mproved: L asers have several applications in industry and medicine.
  • 13. T hesis S tatement:
    • T he thesis makes a simple
    • announcement.
    • A nnouncement: I am going to write about sports injuries.
    • I mproved: A void sports injuries by taking a few simple precautions.
  • 14. T hesis S tatement:
    • T he thesis states an obvious fact.
    • O bvious fact: T he internet is a communication superhighway.
    • I mproved: T he explosion of the internet has had both positive and negative consequences.
  • 15. L ogical D ivision of I deas
    • K eys to a logical division of ideas:
    • D ivide your topic into subtopic and discuss each subtopic in a separate paragraph.
    • W rite a thesis statement that indicates a logical division.
    • U se transitions between paragraphs to guide
    • your reader from one reader to the next.
  • 16. L ogical D ivision of I deas
    • G ood T hesis S tatements:
    • N ative Americans have made valuable
    • contributions to modern U.S. culture in
    • four main areas.
    • N ative Americans have made valuable
    • contributions to modern U.S. culture,
    • particularly in the areas of language , art , food
    • and government .
  • 17. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
    • L inking paragraphs with transitions helps
    • your reader to see how subtopics are
    • related. Transitions may be:
    • A single word
    • A phrase
    • A dependent clause that repeats or summarizesthe preceding paragraph.
  • 18. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
    • T ransition Words
    • O ne way an angry driver may react is to
    • cut off another motorist. (+ supporting
    • sentences)
    • A nother way is to tailgate the other car.
    • (+supporting sentences)
  • 19. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
    • T ransition P hrases
    • I n addition to cutting off and tailgating
    • other cars , aggressive drivers often use
    • rude language or gestures to show their
    • Anger. (+ supporting sentences)
  • 20. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs
    • T ransition C lauses
    • A lthough law enforcement authorities warn
    • motorists against aggressive driving , the
    • number who act out their angry impulses has
    • not declined. (+ supporting sentences)
  • 21. Q uestions? For more slide presentations visit: