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Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)
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Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)

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Essay Structure (Introduction and Outline)

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  • Simply superb.
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  • 1. E ssay S tructure ( I ntroduction and O utline)
  • 2. B asic E ssay S tructure (Logical Division of Ideas) <ul><li>I ntroduction </li></ul><ul><li>B ody Paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>C onclusion </li></ul>
  • 3. T he I ntroduction <ul><li>A n introductory paragraph has 2 parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>G eneral statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce the general topic of the essay. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capture the reader’s interest. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T hesis statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States the specific topic. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May list subtopics or subdivisions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May indicate the pattern of organization. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is normally the last sentence in the introductory paragraph. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A conclusion (concluding paragraph) </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. T ypes of I ntroductions <ul><li>F unnel I ntroduction: </li></ul><ul><li>B egins with one or two general sentences about the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>S entences become increasingly focused on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>E nds with your thesis statement. </li></ul>
  • 5. T ypes of I ntroductions <ul><li>F unnel I ntroduction: </li></ul>
  • 6. T ypes of I ntroductions <ul><li>A ttention G etting I ntroductions: </li></ul><ul><li>D ramatic, Interesting, or Funny Story </li></ul><ul><li>S urprising Statistics or Facts </li></ul><ul><li>H istorical Background </li></ul>
  • 7. T hesis S tatement <ul><li>T he T hesis S tatement: </li></ul><ul><li>I s the most important sentence in the introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>S tates the specific topic of the essay. </li></ul><ul><li>S ometimes lists the subtopics that will be discussed in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>S ometimes indicates the pattern of organization that the essay will follow. </li></ul>
  • 8. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>I s the most important sentence in the </li></ul><ul><li>introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>N ative Americans have made many valuable contributions to modern U.S. culture. </li></ul><ul><li>T he large movement of people from rural to urban areas has major effects on cities. </li></ul>
  • 9. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>S ometimes lists the subtopics that will be </li></ul><ul><li>discussed in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>N ative Americans have made many valuable contributions to modern U.S. culture, particularly in the areas of language, art, food, and government. </li></ul><ul><li>T he large movement of people from rural to urban areas has major effects on a city’s ability to provide housing, employment, and adequate sanitation services. </li></ul>
  • 10. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>S ometimes indicates the pattern of </li></ul><ul><li>organization that the essay will follow. </li></ul><ul><li>W hen buying a used car, use these four </li></ul><ul><li>strategies to get the best price. </li></ul><ul><li>T here are several differences between a nurse practitioner and a physician’s assistant. </li></ul>
  • 11. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>C ommon T hesis S tatement P itfalls. </li></ul><ul><li>P roblem 1: T he thesis is too general. </li></ul><ul><li>P roblem 2: T he thesis makes a simple announcement. </li></ul><ul><li>P roblem 3: T he thesis states an obvious fact. </li></ul>
  • 12. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>T he thesis is too general. </li></ul><ul><li>T oo general: A college education is a good investment. </li></ul><ul><li>I mproved: A college education is a good investment for four reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>T oo general: L asers are very useful. </li></ul><ul><li>I mproved: L asers have several applications in industry and medicine. </li></ul>
  • 13. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>T he thesis makes a simple </li></ul><ul><li>announcement. </li></ul><ul><li>A nnouncement: I am going to write about sports injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>I mproved: A void sports injuries by taking a few simple precautions. </li></ul>
  • 14. T hesis S tatement: <ul><li>T he thesis states an obvious fact. </li></ul><ul><li>O bvious fact: T he internet is a communication superhighway. </li></ul><ul><li>I mproved: T he explosion of the internet has had both positive and negative consequences. </li></ul>
  • 15. L ogical D ivision of I deas <ul><li>K eys to a logical division of ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>D ivide your topic into subtopic and discuss each subtopic in a separate paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>W rite a thesis statement that indicates a logical division. </li></ul><ul><li>U se transitions between paragraphs to guide </li></ul><ul><li>your reader from one reader to the next. </li></ul>
  • 16. L ogical D ivision of I deas <ul><li>G ood T hesis S tatements: </li></ul><ul><li>N ative Americans have made valuable </li></ul><ul><li>contributions to modern U.S. culture in </li></ul><ul><li>four main areas. </li></ul><ul><li>N ative Americans have made valuable </li></ul><ul><li>contributions to modern U.S. culture, </li></ul><ul><li>particularly in the areas of language , art , food </li></ul><ul><li>and government . </li></ul>
  • 17. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs <ul><li>L inking paragraphs with transitions helps </li></ul><ul><li>your reader to see how subtopics are </li></ul><ul><li>related. Transitions may be: </li></ul><ul><li>A single word </li></ul><ul><li>A phrase </li></ul><ul><li>A dependent clause that repeats or summarizesthe preceding paragraph. </li></ul>
  • 18. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs <ul><li>T ransition Words </li></ul><ul><li>O ne way an angry driver may react is to </li></ul><ul><li>cut off another motorist. (+ supporting </li></ul><ul><li>sentences) </li></ul><ul><li>A nother way is to tailgate the other car. </li></ul><ul><li>(+supporting sentences) </li></ul>
  • 19. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs <ul><li>T ransition P hrases </li></ul><ul><li>I n addition to cutting off and tailgating </li></ul><ul><li>other cars , aggressive drivers often use </li></ul><ul><li>rude language or gestures to show their </li></ul><ul><li>Anger. (+ supporting sentences) </li></ul>
  • 20. T ransitions B etween P aragraphs <ul><li>T ransition C lauses </li></ul><ul><li>A lthough law enforcement authorities warn </li></ul><ul><li>motorists against aggressive driving , the </li></ul><ul><li>number who act out their angry impulses has </li></ul><ul><li>not declined. (+ supporting sentences) </li></ul>
  • 21. Q uestions? For more slide presentations visit:

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