Personal pronouns

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Personal pronouns

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Personal pronouns

  1. 1. Personal Pronouns
  2. 2. Personal PronounsWhen something or someone has already beenmentioned, you refer to them again by using apronoun.John took the book and opened it.He rang Mary and Invited her to dinner.
  3. 3. Personal PronounsIn English, ‘he’ and ‘she’ normally refer to peopleor things, occasionally to animals, but rarely tothings.
  4. 4. Personal PronounsYou use a pronoun to refer directly to people orthings that are present or are involved in thesituation you are in.Where shall we meet, Sally?I do the washing; he does the cooking; we sharethe washing-up.Send us an email so we’ll know where you are.
  5. 5. Personal PronounsThere are two sets of personal pronouns, subjectpronouns and object pronouns. You use subjectpronouns as the subject of a verb.I, you, he, she, it, we, they
  6. 6. Personal PronounsNote: ‘You’ is used for the singular and the pluralform.We are going there later.I don’t know what to do.
  7. 7. Personal PronounsYou use object pronouns as the direct or indirectobject of a verb.me, you, him, her, it, us, themNote: ‘You’ is used for the singular and pluralform.
  8. 8. Personal PronounsThe nurse washed me with cold water.The ball hit her in the face.John showed him the book.Can you give me some more cake?
  9. 9. Personal PronounsNote: In modern English, you use objectpronouns father than subject pronouns after theverb ‘be’.Who is it? - It’s me.There was only John, Steve, and me in theroom.
  10. 10. Personal PronounsYou also use object pronouns as the object of apreposition.We were all sitting in the café with him.Did you give it to them?
  11. 11. Personal PronounsYou also use object pronouns as the object of apreposition.We were all sitting in the café with him.Did you give it to them?
  12. 12. Personal PronounsYou can use ‘you’ and ‘they’ to talk about peoplein general.You have to drive on left side of the road inGreat Britain.They say she’s very clever.
  13. 13. Personal PronounsYou can use ‘it’ as an impersonal subject ingeneral statements which refer to the time, thedate, or the weather.‘What time is it?’ - ‘It’s half past three.’It is January 19th.It is rainy and cold.
  14. 14. Personal PronounsYou can also use ‘it’ as the subject or object ingeneral statements about a situation.It is too far to walk.I like it here. Can we stay a bit longer?
  15. 15. Personal PronounsA singular pronoun usually refers back to asingular noun group, and a plural pronoun to aplural noun group. However, you can use pluralpronouns to refer back to:
  16. 16. Personal Pronouns• indefinite pronouns, even though they are always followed a singular verb If anybody comes, tell them I’m not in.
  17. 17. Personal Pronouns• collective nouns, even when you have used a singular verb His family was waiting in the next room, but they had not yet been informed.
  18. 18. Questions?For more slide presentations visit:

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