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Manner clauses

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Manner clauses

Manner clauses

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  • 1. Manner Clauses
  • 2. Manner ClausesWhen you want to say how someone doessomething, or how something is done, youuse ‘as’.He behaves as he does, because his fatherwas really cruel to him.The bricks are still made as they were inRoman times.
  • 3. Manner ClausesYou often use ‘just’, ‘exactly’, or ‘precisely’ infront of ‘as’ for emphasis.It swims on the sea floor just as it’s ancestorsdid.I like the freedom to plan my day exactly as Iwant.
  • 4. Manner ClausesWhen you want to indicate that theinformation in the manner clause might not betrue, or is definitely not true, you use ‘as if’ or‘as though’.She reacted as if she didn’t know about therace.She acts as though she owns the place.
  • 5. Manner ClausesAfter ‘as if’ or ‘as though’, you often use apast tense even when you are talking aboutthe present, to emphasize that the informationin the manner clause is not true. In formalEnglish you use ‘were’ instead of ‘was’.
  • 6. Manner ClausesPresidents can’t dispose of companies as ifpeople didn’t exist.She treats him as though he was her ownson.He looked at me as though I were mad.
  • 7. Manner ClausesYou can also use ‘as if’ or ‘as though’ so sayhow someone or something feels, looks, orsounds.She felt as if she had a fever.He looked as if he hadn’t slept very much.Mary sounded as though she had just run allthe way.
  • 8. Manner ClausesYou can also use ‘it looks’ and ‘it sounds’ with‘as if’ and ‘as though’.It looks to me as if he wrote down somenotes.It sounds to me as though he’s just beingawkward.
  • 9. Manner ClausesWhen the subject of the manner clause andthe main clause are the same, you can oftenuse a participle in the manner clause and omitthe subject and the verb ‘be’He ran off to the house as if escaping.He shook is head as though dazzled by hisown vision.
  • 10. Manner ClausesYou can also use ‘as if’ or ‘as though’ with a‘to’-infinitive clause.As if to remind him, the church clock struckeleven.
  • 11. Manner ClausesIn informal speech, people often use ‘like’instead of ‘as if’ or ‘as’ to say how a personfeels, looks, or sounds. Some speakers ofEnglish think that this use of ‘like’ is incorrect.He felt like he’d won the pools.You look like you’ve seen a ghost.You talk just like your father does.
  • 12. Manner ClausesYou can also use ‘like’ in a prepositionalphrase to say how someone does something.He was sleeping like a baby.I behaved like an idiot, and I’m sorry.
  • 13. Manner ClausesYou also use ‘the way (that)’, ‘in a way (that)’,or ‘in the way (that)’ to talk about howsomeone does something, or how somethingis done.
  • 14. Manner ClausesI was never allowed to sing the way I wantedto.They did it in a way that I had never seenbefore.We make it move in the way that we want itto.
  • 15. Manner ClausesYou can use ‘how’ in questions and reportedquestions to talk about the message used todo something, and sometimes to indicate yoursurprise that it was possible to do it.‘How did he get in?’ - ‘He broke a window.’I wondered how he could afford a new car.
  • 16. Manner ClausesSometimes you can use ‘how’ to talk aboutthe manner in which someone doessomething.I watched how he did it, then tried to copyhim.Tell me how he reacted when he saw you.
  • 17. Questions?For more slide presentations visit: