Intransitive and Transitive Verbs


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Intransitive and transitive verbs

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Intransitive and Transitive Verbs

  1. 1. Intransitive and Transitive Verbs
  2. 2. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsMany verbs do not normally have an object.They are called ‘intransitive verbs’. They oftenrefer to:existence: appear, die, disappear, exist,happen, live, occur, remain, vanishthe human body: ache, bleed, blush, faint,shiver, smile
  3. 3. Intransitive and Transitive Verbshuman noises: cough, cry, laugh, scream,sigh, snore, speak, yawnlight, smell, vibration: gleam, glow, shine,sparkle, stink, throb, vibrateposition, movement: arrive, come, depart,fall, flow, go, jump, kneel, pause, run, sit,sleep, stand, swim, wait, walk, work
  4. 4. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsAn awful thing has happened.The girl screamed.I waited.Note: Transitive verbs cannot be used in thepassive.
  5. 5. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsMany verbs normally have an object. Theseverbs are called ‘transitive’ verbs. They areoften connected with:physical objects: build, buy, carry, catch,cover, cut, damage, destroy, fill, hit, own,remove, rent, sell, use, waste, wearsenses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch
  6. 6. Intransitive and Transitive Verbsfeelings: admire, dislike, enjoy, fear,frighten, hate, interest, like, love, need,prefer, surprise, trust, wantfacts, ideas: accept, believe, consider,correct, discuss, expect, express, forget,include, know, mean, remember, reportpeople: address, blame, comfort, contact,convince, defy, kill, persuade, please, tease,thank, warn
  7. 7. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsHe hit the ball really hard.Did you see the rainbow?They both enjoyed the film.She reported the accident to the police.Don’ t blame me.
  8. 8. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsNote: Transitive verbs can be used in thepassive.They were blamed for everything.
  9. 9. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsWARNING: ‘Have’ is a transitive verb, butcannot be use in the passive. You can say ‘Ihave a car’ but not ‘A car is had by me’.
  10. 10. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsOften, the people you are talking to knowwhat the object is because of the situation, orbecause it has already been mentioned. Inthis case you can omit the object, eventhough the verb is transitive.
  11. 11. Intransitive and Transitive Verbsaccept draw ironphone study answerdrive know readtype change eatlearn remember understandchoose explain leave
  12. 12. Intransitive and Transitive Verbsride wash cleanforget paint singwatch cook helppark steal write
  13. 13. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsI don’ t own a car. I can’ t drive.You don’ t smoke, do you?I asked a question and George answered.Both dresses are beautiful. It’ s difficult tochoose.
  14. 14. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsMany verbs have more than one meaning, andare transitive in one meaning and intransitive inanother meaning. For example, the verb ‘run’ isintransitive when you use it to mean ‘movequickly’ but transitive when you use it to mean‘manage or operate’.call lose miss spreadplay show fit runmanage move
  15. 15. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsThe hare runs at enormous speed.She runs a hotel.She moved gracefully.The whole incident had moved her profoundly.
  16. 16. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsA few verbs are normally intransitive, but canbe used with an object that is closely related tothe (a dance) laugh (a laugh)sigh (a sigh) die (a death)live (a life) smile (a smile)dream (a dream)
  17. 17. Intransitive and Transitive VerbsSteve smiled his thin, cruel smile.He appears to have lived the life of a rock star.I once dreamed a very nice dream.Note: You normally add more informationabout the object, for example by usingadjectives in front of the noun.
  18. 18. Questions?For more slide presentations visit: