Instructions and Requests

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Instructions and requests

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Instructions and Requests

  1. 1. I nstructions and R equests
  2. 2. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>W hen you want to tell someone to do something, you can use ‘Could you’, ‘Will you’, and ‘Would you’. ‘Could you’ is very polite. </li></ul><ul><li>Could you make out her bill, please? </li></ul><ul><li>Could you just switch on the light behind you? </li></ul>
  3. 3. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>‘ W ill you’ and ‘Would you’ are normally used by people in authority. ‘Would you’ is more polite than ‘Will you’. </li></ul><ul><li>Would you tell her that Adrian phoned? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you please leave the room? </li></ul>
  4. 4. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>Note: Although sentences like these look like questions (‘will you’, not ‘You will’), they are not really questions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>I f someone in authority wants to tell someone to do something, they sometimes say ‘I would like you to do this’ or ‘I’d like you to do this’. </li></ul><ul><li>Penelope, I would like you to get us the files. </li></ul><ul><li>I ’d like you to finish this work by Thursday. </li></ul>
  6. 6. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>Y ou can use an imperative to tell someone to do something, but this is not very polite. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop her. </li></ul><ul><li>Go away, all of you. </li></ul>
  7. 7. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>H owever, imperatives are commonly used when talking to people you know very well. </li></ul><ul><li>Come here, love. </li></ul><ul><li>Sit down and let me get you a drink. </li></ul>
  8. 8. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>Y ou often use imperatives in situations of danger or urgency. </li></ul><ul><li>Look out ! There’s a car coming. </li></ul><ul><li>Put it away before mum sees you. </li></ul>
  9. 9. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>W hen you want to ask someone to help you, you use ‘Could you’, ‘Would you’, ‘Can you’, or ‘Will you’. ‘Could you’ and ‘Would you’ are used in formal situations, or when you want to be very polite, for example because you are asking for something that requires a lot of effort. ‘Could you’ is more polite than ‘Would you’. </li></ul>
  10. 10. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>Could you show me how to do this? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you do me a favor? </li></ul>
  11. 11. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>‘ W ill you’ and ‘Can you’ are used in informal situations, especially when you are asking for something that requires a lot of effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Will you post this for me on your way to work? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you make me a copy of that? </li></ul>
  12. 12. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>Y ou also use ‘I would like’ or ‘I’d like’, followed by a ‘to’-infinitive or a noun group, to make a request. </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to ask you one question. </li></ul><ul><li>I’d like steak and chips, please. </li></ul>
  13. 13. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>Y ou can also make a request by using: </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind’ followed by an ‘-ing’ form </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind doing the washing up? </li></ul><ul><li>Would you mind waiting a moment? </li></ul>
  14. 14. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>‘ Do you think you could’, followed by the base form of a verb </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think you could help me? </li></ul>
  15. 15. I nstructions and R equests <ul><li>‘ I wonder if you could’ followed by the base form of a verb </li></ul><ul><li>I wonder if you could look after my cat for me while I’m away? </li></ul>
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