Contrast ClausesWhen you simply want to contrast twostatements, you use ’although’, ‘though’, or‘even though’.
Contrast ClausesAlthough he was late, he stopped to buy asandwich.Though he has lived in London for years, hewrites in French.I used to love listening to her, even though Icould only understand about half of what shesaid.
Contrast ClausesSometimes you use words like ‘still’,‘nevertheless’, or ‘just the same’ in the mainclause to add emphasis to the contrast.
Contrast ClausesAlthough I was shocked, I still couldn’t blamehim.Although his company is profitable, itnevertheless needs to face up to someserious problems.Although she hated them, she agreed to helpthem just the same.
Contrast ClausesWhen the subject of the contrast clause andthe main clause are the same, you can oftenomit the subject and the verb ‘be’ in thecontrast clause.Although poor, we still have our pride.(Although we are poor …)
Contrast ClausesAnother way of making a contrast is to use‘despite’ or ‘in spite of’, followed by a noungroup.Despite the difference in their ages they wereclose friends.In spite of poor health, my father was alwayscheerful.
Contrast ClausesWARNING: You say ‘in spite of’ but ‘despite’without ‘of’.
Contrast ClausesYou can also use an ‘-ing’ form after ‘despite’or ‘in spite of’.Despite working hard, I failed my exams.Conservative MPs are against tax rises, inspite of wanting lower inflation.
Contrast ClausesYou can also use ‘despite the fact that’ or ‘inspite of the fact that’, followed by a clause.Despite the fact that it sounds like sciencefiction, most of it is technically possible at thismoment.They ignored this order, in spite of the factthat they would probably get into trouble.
Contrast ClausesIt is possible to omit ‘that’, especially inspoken English.He insisted on playing, in spite of the fact hehad a bad cold.