Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Conditional clauses using modals and 'unless'
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Conditional clauses using modals and 'unless'

3,039

Published on

Conditional clauses using modals and 'unless'

Conditional clauses using modals and 'unless'

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,039
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’
  • 2. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’You sometimes use modals in conditionalclauses. In the main clause, you can still usea present tense for events that happen often,‘will’ for events that are quite likely in thefuture, ‘would’ for an event that is unlikely tohappen, and ‘would have’ for events that werepossible but did not happen.
  • 3. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’If he can’t come, he usually phones me.If they must have it today, they will have tocome back at five o’clock.If I could only find the time, I’d do it gladly.If you could have seen him, you would havelaughed too.
  • 4. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’‘Should’ is sometimes used in conditionalclauses to express greater uncertainty.If any visitors should come, I’ll say you aren’there.
  • 5. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’You can use other modals besides ‘will’,‘would’ and ‘would have’ in the main clausewith their usual meanings.She might phone me, if she has time.You could come, if you wanted to.If he sees you leave, he may cry.
  • 6. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’Note: You can have modals in both clauses:the main clauses and the conditional clause.If he can’t come, he will phone.
  • 7. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’In formal English, if the first verb in aconditional clause is ‘had’, ‘should’, or ‘were’,you can put the verb at the beginning of theclause and omit ‘if’. For example, instead ofsaying ‘If he should come, I will tell him youare sick’, it is possible to day ‘should hecome, I will tell him you are sick’.
  • 8. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’Should ministers decide to hold an inquiry, wewould welcome it.Were it all true, it would still not excuse theiractions.Had I known, I would not have done it.
  • 9. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’When you want to mention an exception towhat you are saying, you use a conditionalclause beginning with ‘unless’.You will fail your exams.You will fail your exams unless you workharder.
  • 10. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’Note: You can often use ‘if … not’ instead of‘unless’.You will fail your exams if you do not workharder.
  • 11. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’When you use ‘unless’, you use the sametenses that you use with ‘if’.She spends Sundays in the garden unlessthe weather is awful.We usually walk, unless we’re goingshopping.He will not let you go unless he is forced to doso.
  • 12. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’‘If’ and ‘unless’ are not the only ways ofbeginning conditional clauses. You can alsouse ‘as long as’, ‘only if’, ‘provided’, ‘providedthat’, or ‘so long as’. These expressions areall used to indicate that one thing onlyhappens or is true if another thing happens oris true.
  • 13. Conditional Clauses Using Modals and ‘Unless’I will come only if nothing is said to the press.She was prepared to come, provided that shecould bring her daughter.Providing they remained at a safe distance,we would be all right.Detergent cannot harm a fabric, so long as ithas been properly dissolved.We were all right as long as we kept ourheads down.
  • 14. Questions?For more slide presentations visit:

×