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Cohesion: Referring to other parts of a text
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Cohesion: Referring to other parts of a text

Cohesion: Referring to other parts of a text

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Cohesion: Referring to other parts of a text Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Cohesion: Referring to other parts of a text.
  • 2. Introduction When writing reports or complex emails and memos, it is often necessary to:• refer back to an earlier part of the text• refer forwards to something that is coming later• refer to visuals such as graphs or statistical tables
  • 3. IntroductionEmployee SkillsIt was stated in paragraph 3.2 above that inour group of companies the majority of ouremployees have a university degree orprofessional qualification. The pie chart belowshows the current mix of employee skills. Itshould be noted that only 20% of our workforce is unskilled.
  • 4. Referring to Earlier Parts of the Text described explained above, this surveyAs mentioned earlier, is extremely indicated in paragraph 1.0 above important. outlined
  • 5. Referring to Earlier Parts of the Text The above facts should be above-mentioned considered carefully.
  • 6. Referring to Earlier Parts of the TextThe facts mentioned above should be considered carefully.
  • 7. Referring to Earlier Parts of the Text Please see paragraph 1.2 above.
  • 8. Referring ForwardsWe sometimes wish to indicate that we aregoing to write about something later in theemail or report.
  • 9. Referring Forwards describedAs explained below, the new product will be mentioned launched in January. indicated
  • 10. Referring ForwardsThe following procedure should be adhered to very carefully.
  • 11. Referring Forwards as 1. survey carried outThe procedure is follows: 2. report to the principal officer 3. necessary action taken
  • 12. Referring to VisualsWe often wish to draw the reader’s attentionto a visual or a statistical table.
  • 13. Referring to Visuals bar chart above, our share ofAs the table on page 12 indicates the market graph below has increased pie chart substantially.
  • 14. Referring to Visuals above, showsThe table on page 12 gives the relevant figures. below
  • 15. Referring to VisualsPlease see the graph on page 10.
  • 16. Referring to Visuals bar chart our largestAs in the table below, markets are inindicated graph South East pie chart Asia.